Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Tucson, AZ

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FXUS65 KTWC 151627
AFDTWC

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Tucson AZ
927 AM MST Thu Feb 15 2018

.SYNOPSIS...Showers will gradually decrease in coverage into
tonight. However, scattered showers will return Friday afternoon and
evening, especially east and south of Tucson. Dry conditions with
warmer temperatures will then prevail Saturday. Another disturbance
is expected to bring a slight chance of showers to much of the area
early next week.

&&

.DISCUSSION...The widespread wetting rain across southeast Arizona
will gradually diminish from west to east through this evening.
Rainfall amounts have been plentiful during the past 24 hours, with
valley amounts ranging from one-half of an inch to a little over 1
inch. Much higher amounts in the mountains on the order of 2 to 4
inches so far. The short-term forecast looked in good shape, so no
updates at this moment necessary. Please refer to the additional
sections for more information.

&&

.AVIATION...Valid thru 16/18Z.
Cloud layers SCT-BKN 3-6k ft AGL and several BKN-OVC layers above,
with NUM SHRA through today becoming more SCT SHRA tonight.
Occasional MVFR and ISOLD IFR cigs and vsbys with mountains obscd,
especially through today. Sfc wind generally south to southwest at
less than 12 kts through the period. Aviation discussion not updated
for TAF amendments.

&&

.FIRE WEATHER...Periods of rain will continue through today
gradually shifting more to eastern areas tonight into Friday.
Saturday is expected to be dry everywhere then a small chance of
showers returns to the forecast late Sunday through Monday night.
Light winds expected through Saturday then an increase in SW winds
should occur Sunday and even more so on Monday, however fuel
moisture levels will be much improved by that point and RH levels
will remain relatively high.

&&

.PREV DISCUSSION...Several HRRR solutions have been very consistent
with depicting widespread coverage of showers to continue through
the rest of this morning. The HRRR has also depicted an increase in
intensity to occur during about the next 1-3 hours and also continue
into the late morning hours. Thereafter, the HRRR and the 15/00Z
Univ of AZ WRF-NAM and WRF-GFS were quite similar with depicting
decreasing coverage of showers this afternoon and especially this
evening.

However, these solutions are somewhat different than the 15/00Z
deterministic GFS/ECMWF that depicted more robust precip potential
especially for locales southeast-to-south of Tucson tonight into
early Friday.

For this forecast issuance, have maintained scattered to numerous
showers across this forecast area today, then PoPs decrease to
slight chance category most sections late tonight and early Friday.
Snow levels are forecast to remain above most mountain tops. Various
models then depict another impulse embedded within the upper trough
that extends well to the west of the Baja California spur to move
northeastward across northern Sonora and into southeast Arizona
Friday afternoon and evening.

PoPs were raised well into chance-category for southern Graham and
central/eastern Cochise County, while a slight chance of showers
exists Friday afternoon and evening further west to include the
Tucson metro area. Decreasing precip chances again late Friday night
followed by dry conditions area-wide Saturday and Saturday evening.
The global models maintain broad upper trough over the western CONUS
Sunday into Monday.

The ECMWF was more robust versus the GFS with the depiction of model
generated rain amounts and higher elevation snow amounts starting
Sunday afternoon, and especially by Monday. Per coordination with
neighboring WFO`s, PoPs were increased versus the inherited
forecast, especially on Monday. Thus, a slight chance of showers
exists east of Tucson Sunday night, then a slight chance of showers
now exists for much of the area Monday. Snow levels by midday Monday
should range from 7000 feet (Tucson area) to around 8000 feet (near
New Mexico border).

Thereafter, mid-level heights are progged to increase as the upper
flow becomes increasingly southwesterly Tuesday into Wednesday. This
is due to deeper troughing progged to occur west of the California
coast. A few snow showers may linger across the White Mountains
Tuesday, then have opted for dry conditions area-wide Wednesday.

High temperatures today will average about 5-10 degrees below
normal. A warming trend will begin Friday with above normal daytime
temperatures returning this weekend. A cooling trend is on tap
Monday into Tuesday with highs next Wednesday remaining slightly
below normal.

&&

.TWC WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...None.

&&

$$

PREV DISCUSSION...Francis
AVIATION...Cerniglia
FIRE WEATHER...Cerniglia

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