Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS St. Louis, MO

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FXUS63 KLSX 020617

117 AM CDT Tue Sep 2 2014

Issued at 108 AM CDT Tue Sep 2 2014

Updated grids and products have been sent to reflect the
transition from severe thunderstorms to flooding concerns. Ongoing
area of rain with embedded thunderstorms will continue to
gradually sink southward overnight as the LLJ veers. A Flash Flood
Watch remains in effect through 7 am for parts of central and
eastern Missouri as well as west central and southwest Illinois.


Issued at 835 PM CDT Mon Sep 1 2014

In the process of pulling the flash flood watch northward a couple
of tiers of counties based on radar trends. Still believe that the
heaviest rainfall threat will be shifting south with time, but
current trends suggest that may not be fast enough to prevent some
hydro problems over the next few hours. However...did limit the
FFA to just this evening in COU area as heaviest rains should drop
south/east of their area by 05z. May be able to trim some other
northern areas as well by then but will watch radar trends for
this adjustment.



.SHORT TERM:  (Through Late Tonight)
Issued at 310 PM CDT Mon Sep 1 2014

Heavy rain threat is the primary forecast challenge for tonight.
Another shortwave is moving east-southeast through the longwave
pattern over the Great Plains.  This shortwave will trigger a
south-southwesterly low level jet to increase again this evening,
aimed right at the low level baroclinic zone left over from last
night`s storms.  With plenty of moisture in place over the area and
a baroclinic zone that`s parallel or nearly parallel to the mid
level flow, expect that thunderstorms will form and train over parts
of Missouri and Illinois this evening and tonight.  All short range
guidance shows a tremendous amount of moisture convergence on the
nose of the low level jet tonight...generally along and south of the
I-70 corridor.  Think the axis of heaviest rain will actually be
along and south of the I-44 corridor in Missouri and along and south
of I-70 in Illinois, but I cannot rule out heavy rain a little
further north either.  QPF forecast paints a swath of heavy rain
along this axis between 1.5 and 2 inches.  With the potential for
locally higher amounts, and flash flood guidance running around
2-2.5 inches per hour, will go ahead and issue a flash flood watch
for those areas.  Further north across northeast Missouri and west
central Illinois, there could be some widely scattered/isolated
showers and thunderstorms, but I don`t think these will train and
cause any flooding issues.


.LONG TERM:  (Tuesday through Next Monday)
Issued at 340 PM CDT Mon Sep 1 2014

(Tuesday - Wednesday)

Flat zonal upper flow will remain in the wake of the strong
shortwave expected to pull away by Tuesday morning, with the hot
upper ridge that had given us our period of well above average temps
lurking just to the south.  The synoptic cold front will probably
linger into the STL metro area at the start of Tuesday, but its
associated precipitation likely well out ahead of it by this time
into southern MO and far southern IL.  Any slowing down of the
eastward progress of the shortwave though will favor some
precipitation of some sort extending back close to the STL metro

The upper level pattern at this point is not very favorable for much
more southward progress of the front and so this boundary is
expected to stall somewhere in the southern CWA Tuesday and into
Tuesday night.  The old frontal boundary will probably lose a lot of
its moisture convergence strength Tuesday afternoon and evening and
so only isolated convection is expected in the absence of a low
level jet or upper level support.  The low level jet that will help
refire up a more organized system later on Tuesday night will
probably begin well to the west of our region and not really reach
our area until Wednesday if it holds.

It is for this reason that Wednesday PoPs were tempered until we see
a clearer signal for how this will evolve and develop.

Above average temps expected thru this period but not hot enough to
warrant any sort of heat headline.

(Thursday - Friday)

Well above average temps are currently anticipated during this
stretch, with max temps in the lo-mid 90s.  Peak heat index values
are looking to be from 100-105 for many areas on Thursday and,
depending on whether or not thunderstorms can get going along
approaching cold front, may very well see these values again
on Friday.

Fortunately, it is now September and so these shots of heat should
be relatively short-lived...with it all expected to come to an end
once the front moves thru Friday night.  Boosted PoPs to just below
likely for Friday night.

(Saturday - next Monday)

A well deserved cool period still in the offing in the wake of this
front with a 1025mb high pressure to be the dominant influence
during this period.  Max temps may struggle to exit the 70s in many



.AVIATION:  (For the 06z TAFs through 06z Tuesday Night)
Issued at 1228 AM CDT Tue Sep 2 2014

MCS complex continues to track to the east across forecast area.
Should see storms taper off over KCOU by 07z and over metro area
after 09z. Did keep mention of showers for a few more hours before
tapering off towards sunrise. As for KUIN, to remain north of
rain. Because of weak boundaries and ridging, winds to remain
light and variable except around storms. Clouds to scatter out by
midday to early afternoon.

Specifics for KSTL:
MCS complex continues to track to the east across forecast area.
Should see storms taper off over metro area after 09z. Did keep
mention of showers through 11z before tapering off. Because of
weak boundaries and ridging, winds to remain light and variable
except around storms. Clouds to scatter out by 20z Tuesday.



MO...FLASH FLOOD WATCH until 7 AM CDT this morning FOR Boone MO-
     Callaway MO-Cole MO-Crawford MO-Franklin MO-Gasconade MO-
     Iron MO-Jefferson MO-Lincoln MO-Madison MO-Moniteau MO-
     Montgomery MO-Osage MO-Pike MO-Reynolds MO-St. Charles MO-
     St. Francois MO-St. Louis City MO-St. Louis MO-Ste.
     Genevieve MO-Warren MO-Washington MO.

IL...FLASH FLOOD WATCH until 7 AM CDT this morning FOR Bond IL-
     Calhoun IL-Clinton IL-Fayette IL-Greene IL-Jersey IL-
     Macoupin IL-Madison IL-Marion IL-Monroe IL-Montgomery IL-
     Randolph IL-St. Clair IL-Washington IL.



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