Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS St. Louis, MO
FXUS63 KLSX 122124
AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ST LOUIS MO
324 PM CST Thu Dec 12 2013
.SHORT TERM: (Through Late Tonight)
Issued at 320 PM CST Thu Dec 12 2013
A tranquil night appears to be on tap for the area before the next
storm system on Friday-Friday Night. Remaining chilly will be the
main story for tonight but nothing like this morning or recent
nights. The large high pressure system has retreated south-southeast
of the area and low level warm air advection is in full swing. This
regime will continue tonight and lead to continued warming of the
low-mid tropsphere but nocturnal cooling and decoupling of the
boundary layer. The coolest readings will be found from the eastern
Ozarks into southwest and south central Illinois where the snow pack
persists and lows will be in the teens.
.LONG TERM: (Friday through Next Thursday)
Issued at 320 PM CST Thu Dec 12 2013
(Friday through Sunday)
Weather system has finally come on shore into southern CA this
morning, but models still have some uncertainty on timing and pcpn
type with this system as it moves into region. Precipitation will
develop and spread northeastward into central MO between 15z and 18z
Friday, and into remainder of forecast area during the afternoon
hours. Models continue to be warmer than runs earlier this week. So
could start off as a liquid most locations, so have rain or freezing
rain in grids. With such dry air over region currently, would not be
surprised to see a bit of sleet when the pcpn begins as evaporative
cooling cools 850mb temps down just a bit. In far northern portions
of forecast area they will see a mix of snow and some sleet when the
precipitation moves in.
Then as inverted trof slides east through region, colder air to
slowly filter in with precipitation changing over to all snow after
06z Sat. The heaviest snows will be over northeast MO/west central
IL from mid afternoon through the evening hours with 4 to 6 inches
of snow possible, so kept winter storm watch in affect for this area
until we have a better handle on exact snowfall amounts expected for
this area. Some concern about rain/freezing rain for areas that
still have snow pack over southeast MO/southwestern IL. Despite
above freezing temperatures, the very cold surfaces could become
hazardous on Friday, so have issued a winter weather advisory for
this area. Also, issued a winter weather advisory for areas along
I-70 because of such uncertainty with pcpn type tomorrow. These
areas could see a light glazing, then 1 to 3 inches of snow as the
colder air filters in.
The precipitation to taper off by midday Saturday. Could see some
lingering light snow/flurries as low level moisture lingers
overhead as a second upper level shortwave slides through the
As for temperatures through the period, expect highs in the mid to
upper 30s Friday and lows Friday night in the low 20s far north to
around 30 far southeast. Temperatures on Saturday will be in the
upper 20s to upper 30s.
Dry weather to persist through the rest of the weekend with lows
Saturday night ranging from around 10 degrees to low 20s far
southeast. Highs on Sunday will be in the mid 20s to low 30s.
(Sunday Night through Next Thursday)
Kept with a dry forecast with near normal temperatures through
midweek before introducing a chance of rain or snow to parts of the
area next Thursday. There is a certain amount of uncertainty with
this forecast as the GFS and ECMWF are each different with how far
south the cold air can move next week, and how deep a trough will
dig over the Rockies next Thursday. Both models do suggest a chance
for some precipitation over the area on Thursday with southerly flow
ahead of deepening trough, so went ahead with the chance of
precipitation on Thursday.
.AVIATION: (For the 18z TAFs through 18z Friday Afternoon)
Issued at 1134 AM CST Thu Dec 12 2013
VFR flight conditions are expected to prevail through at least 15z
Friday at the TAF sites, with clear skies initially and then an
increase in high clouds later tonight. A southwesterly low level
jet will develop at 1500-2000 ft AGL overnight and hence I have
included a mention of LLWS at KCOU and the St. Louis area TAFS as
they will be within the jet core. The next winter storm system
will begin to impact the area mid-late morning on Friday with
precipitation developing at KCOU between 16-18z. Best indications
at this time is the thermal structure will support -ZR.
Precipitation won`t spread east of the Mississippi River until
Specifics for KSTL:
VFR flight conditions are expected to prevail through at least 18z
Friday, with clear skies initially and then an increase in high
clouds later tonight. A southwesterly low level jet will develop
at 1500-2000 ft AGL overnight and hence I have included a mention
of LLWS. The next winter storm system will begin to impact central
MO mid-late morning on Friday, with precipitation spreading into
KSTL between 19-20z. I think the majority of the precipitation
from the onset through 00z at KSTL will be -RA although I can`t
discount brief periods of -ZR or an IP mix.
MO...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY from 6 AM Friday to 6 AM CST Saturday
FOR Boone MO-Callaway MO-Cole MO-Crawford MO-Franklin MO-
Gasconade MO-Iron MO-Moniteau MO-Montgomery MO-Osage MO-
Reynolds MO-Warren MO-Washington MO.
WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY from Noon Friday to 6 AM CST Saturday
FOR Jefferson MO-Madison MO-St. Charles MO-St. Francois MO-
St. Louis City MO-St. Louis MO-Ste. Genevieve MO.
WINTER STORM WATCH from Friday morning through late Friday night
FOR Audrain MO-Knox MO-Lewis MO-Lincoln MO-Marion MO-Monroe
MO-Pike MO-Ralls MO-Shelby MO.
IL...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY from Noon Friday to 6 AM CST Saturday
FOR Bond IL-Clinton IL-Fayette IL-Madison IL-Marion IL-
Monroe IL-Randolph IL-St. Clair IL-Washington IL.
WINTER STORM WATCH from Friday afternoon through late Friday
night FOR Adams IL-Brown IL-Calhoun IL-Greene IL-Jersey IL-
Macoupin IL-Montgomery IL-Pike IL.