Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS St. Louis, MO

Home | Current Version | Previous Version | Text Only | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
FXUS63 KLSX 261145

Area Forecast Discussion...Updated Aviation
National Weather Service Saint Louis MO
645 AM CDT TUE APR 26 2016

.SHORT TERM...  (Through Late This Afternoon)
Issued at 406 AM CDT Tue Apr 26 2016

A Rex Block pattern exists over the CONUS Rockies and Canadian
Prairie with a weak RIDGE over our region.  A surface frontal
boundary at 07z extended from just south of Chicagoland west-
southwestward to just north of Quincy and near Kansas City.  This
front, in the absence of any upper support and low level jet, will
be the primary focus for any convection that might develop thru late
this morning.  Such as it is, a capping inversion has largely
suppressed the attempted convection in our region and so only a
slight chance is anticipated during this time.

The best focus thru early this morning will be to our west in
northeast Kansas and southeast Nebraska, where there will be a low
level jet and radar and satellite shows this is where the breaking
of the capping inversion has been most successful.

Short-term model guidance seems to have a loose consensus on the
convection that develops to our west congealing and then tracking
east along what should be a slowly southward sagging front over our
way.  Have followed these trends for now with increasing PoPs into
central MO for late this morning, sliding into STL metro during
midday-early afternoon, and then into southern IL during the
afternoon.  Peaked PoPs at 50% for now, but these will need to be
increased as confidence of this event waxes.

This convective event for late this morning and afternoon, and
especially the leading or eastern edge of it, will have some
potential for severe with marginal bulk shear values and CAPE of
around 2000 J/kg.  It will very much depend on how organized the
convection can get early this morning before heading east.

Corresponding with a southward moving front and increased cloudiness
associated with this convective event later today, have edged back
on max temps, still preferring the MAV MOS values from upper 70s in
northeast MO and west-central IL to 80-85 elsewhere.  Again, this
is all conditional on the rain event, so these will probably need
further massaging.


.LONG TERM...  (Tonight through Monday)
Issued at 406 AM CDT Tue Apr 26 2016

A complex forecast in the short term with multiple rounds of storms
thru mid-week.

Convection today will largely determine how events tonight will
unfold. In general, have trended twd the NSSL WRF/local 4km WRF
early in the period, then twd the GFS/ECMWF late tonight into Wed
morning. The 06z/26 NAM actually trended twd this idea as well.

The outflow boundary from today`s convection is expected to push any
activity S of the CWA this evening. As the trof over the Plains
becomes more negatively tilted and the sfc boundary lifting nwd back
into the area, expect more storms to move into the region late
tonight. Mdls still prog near 1000 J/kg elevated CAPE, with enuf
deep layer shear to support a threat for severe storms, mainly large
hail given elevated storms. Flooding will be another threat tonight
if storms today evolve as anticipated, with storms tonight traveling
over the same region. Due to uncertainty in precip today and
tonight, have held off on any headlines attm.

Expect convection to be ongoing at the beginning of the period Wed
along and N of the fnt. This convection is expected to push nwd as
the upper trof rotates nwd. The wrmfnt associated with this system
is expected to be draped across the central portions of the CWA and
will provide a focus for storm development Wed afternoon as a s/w
rotates thru the base of the trof. Cloud cover, and therefore
heating, near the fnt are still uncertain with mdls depicting mid
level warming that may keep the region capped. If this cap can be
broken, supercells with large hail will be possible along this fnt,
with what appears to be a triple point in central MO.

The bulk of what develops shud be N of the area by around Midnight
Thurs, but have kept higher PoPs to account for timing differences.
Once this precip exits the area, expect much of Thurs and Fri dry.

Active weather returns this weekend with sfc ridge building into the
region on Mon bringing much cooler temps to the region.



.AVIATION...  (For the 12z TAFs through 12z Wednesday Morning)
Issued at 645 AM CDT Tue Apr 26 2016

Outside of some patchy MVFR CIGs in the north around UIN, VFR
conditions (outside of TSRA) are expected to prevail for the TAF
sites thru this evening. A cluster of TSRA is expected to roll
down from the KS-MO-NE junction this morning and affect COU and
the STL metro sites later this morning and early afternoon. A
brief period of gusty winds at the onset is also expected. A
frontal boundary is then anticipated to stall just north of I-70
for tonight and should promote low CIG formation for areas to the
north, including UIN, with MVFR CIGs returning there and perhaps
dropping into IFR category. Widespread rain and TSRA is then
expected to overspread the region later this evening and





WFO LSX is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.