Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS St. Louis, MO

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FXUS63 KLSX 240849

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Saint Louis MO
349 AM CDT WED AUG 24 2016

.SHORT TERM...  (Through Late Tonight)
Issued at 348 AM CDT Wed Aug 24 2016

Main concern continues to be the potential for severe thunderstorms
and heavy rainfall.  Have issued a flash flood watch for tonight for
the potential for heavy rainfall and thunderstorm training.

First area of showers and thunderstorms over northwest Missouri will
continue to move east and will gradually weaken as the low level jet
veers and mid level shortwave races eastward this morning.  Latest
runs of the HRRR also show scattered thunderstorms moving through
areas along and south of I-70 this morning.

Additional thunderstorms will develop this afternoon along and north
of I-70 in advance of of cold front.  MLCAPES will be 2000+ J/kg
with deep layer shear of 35-40kts which will support organized
severe thunderstorms this afternoon and this evening.  In addition,
PWATS will approach 2" with deep warm cloud layers.  The pattern
will also be supportive of cell training, so have issued a flash
flood watch for parts of northeast Missouri into west central

Expect temperatures to climb to near or above normal today with
mixing to near 850mb.


.LONG TERM...  (Thursday through Tuesday)
Issued at 348 AM CDT Wed Aug 24 2016

The cold front will continue moving slowly south Thursday and
Thursday night.  Current indications are that it won`t be as
unstable Thursday afternoon and evening with MLCAPE mainly in the
1500-2000 J/Kg range.  Additionally, it guidance is showing a decent
amount of CINH along and south of the I-44 corridor in Missouri and
the I-70 corridor in Illinois south of the front.  This should limit
areal coverage and intensity of the storms Thursday afternoon and
Thursday night.  Think greatest chance will continue to be along the
front during the afternoon and early evening.  The focus for
convection will likely shift westward into Kansas during the late
evening where the low level jet will be strongest.  However, 10-15kt
south-southwest flow at 850mb persists over the southern 1/2 of our
CWFA through much of the night, so chance PoPs are warranted.

Looks like good model agreement that the front will drift down over
the Ozarks by 12-15Z Friday morning.  NAM is much faster bringing it
back to the north Friday afternoon, but the GFS and ECMWF keep it
down south of I-70 all day.  Have therefore kept PoPs out of the
northeastern 1/3 of the area.  Warm front moves back to the north by
Saturday morning which will bring warm and humid air back to the
region.  Low level ridge over the Ohio Valley and the central
Appalachians will keep southerly low level flow locked in over our
area through Tuesday.  ECMWF tries to push a weak cold front as far
south as the I-70 corridor Monday night into Tuesday morning, but
the GFS has no front at I didn`t vary temperatures from
Sunday/Monday to Tuesday very much.  There will be a persistent
chance of diurnal convection Saturday through Tuesday in the warm
humid airmass.  Not much to focus convection so blanket
chance/slight chance PoPs are in order.  Temperatures will continue
to be seasonable...primarily in the low to mid 60s for lows and mid
80s for highs.



.AVIATION...  (For the 06z TAFs through 06z Wednesday Night)
Issued at 1200 AM CDT Wed Aug 24 2016

Scattered thunderstorms are possible overnight, but the highest
thunderstorm chances appear to be after 24/18z when a cold front
moves into the area, particularly at KUIN and KCOU. Although
scattered afternoon thunderstorms are also possible for
KSTL/KSUS/KCPS, confidence was too low to include in the TAFs
attm. Some transient stratus was noted on 04z METARs which was
primarily affecting KUIN at TAF issuance. Winds will become
southwesterly as the front approaches, then back and become
southerly after 25/00z.



Saint Louis     91  77  92  72 /  40  40  40  30
Quincy          88  70  84  64 /  80  90  40  20
Columbia        90  69  86  66 /  40  50  40  50
Jefferson City  91  70  88  67 /  40  50  40  50
Salem           89  73  89  69 /  30  30  20  20
Farmington      87  72  89  70 /  20  10  20  30


MO...Flash Flood Watch from this evening through Thursday morning for
     Knox MO-Lewis MO-Marion MO-Monroe MO-Ralls MO-Shelby MO.

IL...Flash Flood Watch from this evening through Thursday morning for
     Adams IL.



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