Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Topeka, KS

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FXUS63 KTOP 250450
AFDTOP

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
National Weather Service Topeka KS
1150 PM CDT SUN APR 24 2016

...Update to aviation forecast discussion...

.SHORT TERM...(This Evening through Monday)
Issued at 443 PM CDT SUN APR 24 2016

At 2 PM this afternoon the surface cold front was located across
northwest KS with a surface dryline across west central KS,
southward into western OK. MLCAPE has increased to 1500 J/KG across
west central and north central KS, generally along and west of I-
135/US 81. Light rain showers continued from a Washington CO line
southward into Dickinson County but these should continue to
dissipate through the afternoon hours.

Surface based thunderstorms are forecasted to develop along the
dryline and surface cold front as both of these boundaries shift
east into north central and south central KS late this afternoon.
The 0-6 KM effective shear ahead of the dryline and the approaching
upper level trough was 45-50 KTS across west central KS. This
stronger vertical windshear will spread east across the CWA as the H5
trough shifts east-northeast across the eastern KS through the
evening hours. The MLCAPE may increase to 2,000 J/KG across the
western half of the CWA late this afternoon and early this evening.
The combination of vertical windshear and instability will cause the
initial discrete thunderstorms to become supercell thunderstorms. At
this time the 0-1 KM SRH is less than 100 J/KG, thus any supercells
that develop this afternoon will probably not produce tornadoes but
could have large hail and localized damaging winds.

This evening the NAM model increases the 0-1 KM to 300 J/KM thus any
discrete supercells may produce tornadoes. High storm bases may
limit the chances for any supercell to produce tornadoes but during
the evening T/Td spreads may decrease and allow for lower LCLs. So I
cannot rule out any discrete supercell thunderstorm this evening
producing a tornado. The main hazard will be large hail and damaging
wind gusts. The WRF solutions along with the NAM show any discrete
supercells merging into line segments. This would also decrease the
chances for tornadoes.

As the upper level trough shifts northeast across NE and northeast KS
we should see the thunderstorms diminish across eastern KS and the
more intense deep moist convection shift northeast into IA and
northern MO after 6Z. The weak cold front will shift southeast
across the CWA late tonight.

Monday, an intense upper level trough will dig southeast into the four
corners region. A down stream H5 ridge will amplify across the
plains. The surface front will become stationary across the
southeast counties of the CWA. I do not see any upper level support
for thunderstorms to develop along the boundary. I suppose there may
be enough surface convergence late in the afternoon for an isolated
thunderstorm but the vertical windshear looks weak. If an isolated
storm happens to develop along and southeast of I-35 it probably will
not be severe. Highs on Monday will be slightly cooler with mid to
upper 70s.

.LONG TERM...(Monday Night through Sunday)
Issued at 443 PM CDT SUN APR 24 2016

High impact severe weather outbreak still looks possible Tuesday
evening.

Elevated convection could develop after 06Z Tues as strong Thetae
advection takes place in advance of the upper wave with some
decrease in coverage expected by mid morning as a strong capping
inversion holds until later in the afternoon.

Both ECMWF and GFS show next upper wave taking on a negative tilt
by 00Z Weds with main mid-lvl wave expected to move across the
TX/OK panhandle by 00Z. The sfc low should deepen across western
KS with a warm front extending ENE through some part of the CWA by
00Z Weds as well. CAPE/Shear parameters supporting supercells as
well as tornadoes will be in place so will continue to highlight
that message during the evening hours.

The dry slot will work across the area after midnight into early
Weds with the upper system fcst to drift across the area with some
lingering chcs for precip.

The active and potentially high impact pattern will continue with
the next upper wave forecast to induce low pressure across the
TX/OK panhandle Thurs night with widespread elevated convection
possible north of the warm front into Friday. The timing and track
of this 3rd upper system remain uncertain but another round of
severe weather looks possible as does the potential for heavy
rains somewhere across the CWA. Hopefully we`ll get a break after
this system with hints of a pattern change for the first week of
May.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Monday Night)
Issued at 1150 PM CDT SUN APR 24 2016

Cold front will be nearing the terminals in the next several hours
and bring light winds. At this point it appears the boundary will
remain north of most locations but this will allow moisture to
push northeast and will likely form MVFR cigs toward 12Z. Latest
trends seem less pessimistic with duration of cloud and with
boundary perhaps nearing area will trend this way. Could see
redevelopment by the end of this forecast but too much uncertainty
for inclusion yet.

&&

.TOP Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...Gargan
LONG TERM...Omitt
AVIATION...65



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