Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Buffalo, NY
FXUS61 KBUF 301408
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Buffalo NY
1008 AM EDT MON MAY 30 2016
High pressure centered from the western Great Lakes to the
Mississippi Valley late this morning...will move to New England by
Wednesday afternoon. Warm and humid conditions will return Thursday
ahead of the next cold front that will move through the region by
.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
Westerly flow of drier air has settled across the region late this
morning. Scattered cumulus clouds will form in daytime heating
along and inland from the lake breezes during the afternoon yielding
a mix of sun and clouds. Stable lake shadows east of the lakes will
bring more full sunshine along the Lake Erie shore and near
Even though the less humid air will filter into the area,
temperatures will still top out in the lower 80s across lower
elevations away from the lakeshores, with upper 70s across the
higher terrain. It will still be quite a bit above the seasonal
normals of highs in the lower 70s, but more comfortable with the
Skies will be generally clear tonight as high pressure ridges
eastward across the Great Lakes and northeastern states. Low
temperatures tonight will be in the lower to middle 50s, which will
be close to the dewpoint temperature and thus may result in patchy
fog formation in the valleys.
.SHORT TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT/...
We can look forward to simply outstanding weather on Tuesday as high
pressure nosing south from Hudson Bay will cross the Lower Great
Lakes. This will provide our region with sun filled skies and very
comfortable conditions as max temps of 75 to 80 will be accompanied
by low humidity. This will prove to be an excellent day for outdoor
Tuesday night will feature very comfortable sleeping conditions...as
a dry Canadian airmass and light winds will encourage temperatures to
drop off into the 50s. Its not out of the question that some 40s are
experienced across the North Country and in the normally cooler
Southern Tier valleys.
On Wednesday...our region will find itself wedged between the
remnants of Tropical Storm Bonnie along the Carolina coastline and
an approaching frontal boundary over the Upper Great Lakes. The
large scale subsidence between the two systems will combine with the
residual dry airmass to guarantee another day of full sunshine. It
will be warmer though...as temperatures are expected to climb back
into the low to mid 80s. The exception will be within 5-10 miles of
the south shore of Lake Ontario...where a northeast low level flow
will hold afternoon temperatures in the 70s. This northeast flow
will also keep dew points from climbing out of the 50s...so the
higher temperatures will be easier to tolerate.
A short lived push of warmer...more humid conditions will be
experienced over our region in advance of a cold front Wednesday
night and Thursday. The deepening southerly flow on the backside of
the exiting ridge but ahead of the front will push our dew points
back up over 60...especially over the far western counties. This
will once again set the stage for some showers and thunderstorms as
the aforementioned cold front passes through late Thursday afternoon
.LONG TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
There is high confidence that the first weekend of June will be much
more comfortable than the about to end Memorial Day Weekend...as a
notable pattern change will take place across the continent.
The Western Atlantic Ridge responsible for record heat...and even
for helping to fuel scattered strong to severe convection over the
Southern Tier and Finger Lakes Regions...will give way to a
progressive low amplitude flow during the course of the week. As we
push through the first weekend of June...the near zonal flow along
the length of the Canadian border will then buckle as anomalously
strong ridging will blossom across the Inter-Mountain West. The
resulting downstream troughing over the Great Lakes Region will
allow cooler...more comfortable Canadian air to pour south. With H85
temps averaging in the single digits C...daytime highs will be in
the 70s F...right where they should be for this point in the warm
In terms of precipitation...high pressure situated over the Great
Lakes should supply our region with mainly dry weather.
A look further down the road...
Medium range ensembles strongly suggest that the longwave trough
will not only remain in place over eastern Canada and the Great
Lakes region through the first full week of June...but that a deep
upper level low will close off over Quebec. This would keep any
oppressive heat and humidity well south of our region...with
temperatures likely settling to below normal values. This scenario
is also supported by the 6 to 10 and 8 to 14 day temperature
forecasts from the Climate Prediction Center.
.AVIATION /15Z MONDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
VFR through the 12Z Tuesday for most locations. There is a low
chance for IFR conditions at KJHW between 05Z and 12Z as patchy
fog may form.
Tuesday and Wednesday...VFR.
Thursday and Friday...Mainly VFR with a chance of showers and
Mainly dry conditions expected today through Wednesday under high
pressure. Winds will increase to around 15 knots which will produce
choppy wave action but still well below small craft advisory
criteria. Westerly winds of 10 to 15 knots will be across eastern
Lake Ontario on Tuesday, with some choppy conditions possible. A
cold front passing through late Thursday may bring thunderstorms
with gusty winds and higher waves.