Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Buffalo, NY

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000
FXUS61 KBUF 291104
AFDBUF

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Buffalo NY
704 AM EDT SUN MAY 29 2016

.SYNOPSIS...
Mid summer conditions will remain in place today as high pressure
anchored off the East Coast will continue to pump near record warmth
and high humidity northwards across our region. This environment
will support the potential for more widespread showers and
thunderstorms this afternoon and evening as a weak trough crosses
the region. A weak cold front will then cross the area tonight and
bring a return to somewhat cooler and less humid air early next week.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
We can expect mainly dry weather to last through mid to late
morning, as generally stable conditions in the lower atmosphere
exist considering the warm boundary layer conditions. This will
change through the course of the day as the strong ridge aloft moves
to the east of the region and exposes our area to the trough to
ridge regime and its associated broad scale forcing and a series of
vorticity maxima.  The increase in large scale forcing will also
interact with the mesoscale lake breeze and terrain boundaries to
produce a better chance of more widespread deep moist convection
than has developed over the past few days. Moderate instability will
be in place, as surface based CAPE reaches around 1500-2000 J/kg
inland from the lakes by early afternoon with lifted indices to -5C.

The combination of large scale and mesoscale features along with
moderate instability supports high likely POPS for the afternoon
from the Southern Tier into the Genesee Valley and western/northern
Finger Lakes. Expect more widespread coverage than today or recent
days in this area. Southwest flow will again force stable lake
shadows to develop northeast of the lakes, with a much lower chance
of convection near Buffalo and Niagara Falls, and also near
Watertown. By late in the day a few scattered storms may develop in
these areas despite the stable lake shadows as the mid level
shortwave approaches.

The environment will again not be favorable for severe storms, with
a lack of deep layer and low level shear, and a tall/skinny CAPE
profile suggesting only moderate strength updrafts. The environment
will be favorable for some heavy rain producers however, with short
Corfidi storm propagation vectors and PWAT approaching 1.75 inches.
Given the character of some of the stronger storms on Saturday with
instantaneous rain rates of 6 in/hr, heavy rain seems of good bet
today, too.

The increase in showers/storms and cloud cover will keep
temperatures down a little, with highs in in the mid to upper 80s
across lower elevations and lower 80s across the Southern Tier.
Southwest flow will again keep the Lake Erie shore and eastern
shore of Lake Ontario cooler.

The passage of the weak surface front and the upper dynamics
associated with the vorticity maxima will carry the convection off
to the east, across Central NY late overnight and into Eastern NY by
Monday morning. Dewpoint temps will drop by about 5 degF overnight
and low temperatures will settle to the upper 50s to mid 60s, which
will bring somewhat more comfortable conditions for the beginning of
the week.

&&

.SHORT TERM /MONDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY NIGHT/...
Benign...problem free weather can be expected throughout this
period. It will become noticeably more comfortable as well. While
temperatures will average a few degrees above normal...much lower
dewpoints will replace the sultry conditions experienced since the
start of the long holiday weekend.

As we open this period...a slow moving cool frontal boundary will be
exiting across the Eastern Lake Ontario and Finger Lakes regions.
While there could be a few leftover morning showers associated with
the boundary for sites east of ROC...drier mid level air in the wake
of the front will offer improving conditions as the day matures. The
drying will translate into gradually lowering humidity levels...but
with little true cold air advection behind the front...the afternoon
will still be warm with max temps in the lower 80s across the lake
plains and in the valleys. These forecast temps have been raised a
few degrees from continuity...and are being supported by H85 temps
that will be in the vcnty of 13c.

High pressure centered over the Mid West will approach our region
Monday night. Weak cool advection will help to make it the most
comfortable night in nearly a week...as temperatures are forecast to
finally fall back into the 50s away from the immediate lake shores.
The one potential fly in the ointment though will be the passage of
a secondary frontal boundary. This feature should be moisture
starved though...so will keep a dry forecast in place.

It will then be absolutely gorgeous on Tuesday...as the axis of a
large sfc high will make its way across the Lower Great Lakes. We
can anticipate sun filled skies and comfortable conditions as high
temps will range from 75 to 80 while dew points will generally be in
the lower 50s. This should prove to be an excellent day for outdoor
activities.

Tuesday night will once again feature very comfortable sleeping
conditions...as a dry Canadian airmass and light winds will
encourage temperatures to once again drop off into the 50s.

On Wednesday...our region will find itself wedged between the
remnants of Tropical Storm Bonnie along the Mid Atlantic Coast and
an approaching frontal boundary over the Upper Great Lakes. The
large scale subsidence between the two systems will combine with the
residual dry airmass to guarantee another day of full sunshine. It
will be warmer though...as temperatures are expected to climb back
into the low to mid 80s. The exception will be within 5-10 miles of
the south shore of Lake Ontario...where a northeast low level flow
will hold afternoon temperatures in the 70s. This northeast flow
will also keep dew points from climbing out of the 50s...so the
higher temperatures will be easier to tolerate.

&&

.LONG TERM /THURSDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
There will be a clear trend towards cooler weather during this
period...as a burgeoning ridge over the western half of the country
will promote downstream troughing over the Great Lakes region. This
high confidence pattern change is supported by the majority of the
GEFS and ECMWF ensemble members...which have been in general
agreement for several model runs. As for the day to day details...

A slow moving...and potentially `wavy`...cold front will cross the
Lower Great Lakes late Thursday into Friday. This will generate some
unsettled conditions across our forecast area in the form of
scattered showers and thunderstorms. While temperatures will climb
into the low to mid 80s ahead of the front on Thursday...the mercury
will only top out in the 70s on Friday.

High pressure over the Upper Great Lakes will then settle to the
southeast across our forecast area Friday night and Saturday. This
should support fair weather as we head into the weekend.

&&

.AVIATION /12Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...

The day will start with VFR conditions at most locations, the
exception being across the Southern Tier where river valley fog is
likely, with local IFR through 13Z.

From late morning through the afternoon, expect showers and
thunderstorms to become more numerous from the Southern Tier into
the Genesee Valley and Central NY, after about 17Z including KJHW
and KROC. This will bring areas of MVFR vsbys with local IFR. Stable
lake shadows northeast of the lakes will again keep areas near KBUF-
KIAG-KART drier with VFR prevailing through the afternoon to early
night. The upper level forcing and vorticity maxima responsible for
nighttime convection will move the precip farther to the east and
lower dewpoints advecting into the region should keep all sites VFR
late overnight through 12Z Monday.

Outlook...
Monday...Mainly VFR with a chance of showers and thunderstorms
eastern areas.
Tuesday through Thursday...VFR.

&&

.MARINE...
Light winds and flat wave action will continue through the weekend
with winds generally 12 knots or less and waves less than 2 feet.

A weak trough will cross the region today and may produce somewhat
more widespread showers and thunderstorms. A few of these storms may
impact lakes Erie and Ontario with locally higher winds and waves.

A cold front will then cross the region tonight and clean out the
heat and humidity, with mainly dry conditions expected on Memorial
Day. Winds will increase somewhat on Memorial Day, up to about 15
knots which will produce choppy wave action but still well below
small craft advisory criteria.

&&

.CLIMATE...
The first extended period of summer`s warmth will be upon us this
weekend. Temperatures will climb well into the 80s, of which some
of these daily readings may near record levels. Listed below are
the records for our three climate stations.

BUFFALO...

Today......May 29th...Record High Maximum...87F...1987
......................Record High Minimum...68F...1987


ROCHESTER...

Today......May 29th...Record High Maximum...92F...2006
......................Record High Minimum...69F...1908


WATERTOWN...

Today......May 29th...Record High Maximum...87F...2012
......................Record High Minimum...63F...2006


A climatic day is between 1 AM EDT to 1 AM EDT.

Temperature records for Buffalo and Rochester date back to 1871,
while records for Watertown start in 1949.

&&

.BUF WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NY...None.
MARINE...None.

&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...HITCHCOCK/WCH
NEAR TERM...WCH
SHORT TERM...RSH
LONG TERM...RSH
AVIATION...WCH
MARINE...HITCHCOCK/WCH
CLIMATE...THOMAS



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