Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Quad Cities, IA IL

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000
FXUS63 KDVN 130513
AFDDVN

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE QUAD CITIES IA IL
1213 AM CDT SUN JUL 13 2014

.SYNOPSIS...
ISSUED AT 335 PM CDT SAT JUL 12 2014

SURFACE COLD FRONT LINKED TO DEEPENING UPPER LOW OVER CENTRAL CANADA
EXTENDED FROM WESTERN MN SOUTHWEST THROUGH N CENTRAL A TO SE NEB. A
PASSING MID LEVEL SHORTWAVE EMBEDDED IN THE CYCLONIC FLOW AROUND THE
UPPER LOW OVER CANADA WAS TRIGGERING WIDESPREAD SHOWERS AND A FEW
THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS WI...MN AND NORTHERN IA. FURTHER SOUTH...A
MESOSCALE BOUNDARY...ENHANCED BY OVERNIGHT RAINFALL AND DIFFERENTIAL
HEATING DUE TO LINGERING CLOUD COVER TODAY...WAS ROUGHLY SOUTH OF THE
I-80 CORRIDOR. TEMPERATURES WERE IN THE MID AND UPPER 80S WITH
DEWPOINTS WELL INTO THE MID 70S SOUTH OF THIS BOUNDARY...WITH
SLIGHTLY COOLER AND MARGINALLY LESS HUMID AIR TO THE NORTH. DESPITE
SURFACE CAPES  AND MUCAPES SOARING WELL INTO THE RANGE OF 3500 TO
4000 J/KG  SOUTH OF THIS AXIS...CONVECTION HAS YET TO FIRE OVER THE
FORECAST AREA. THIS MAY BE DUE TO A CAP OF WARM AIR AROUND 850 MB ON
THE 18Z SOUNDING...AND LACK OF A SIGNIFICANT MID LEVEL TRIGGER
AFFECTING THE AREA SO FAR.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(THIS EVENING THROUGH SUNDAY)
ISSUED AT 335 PM CDT SAT JUL 12 2014

CHALLENGES CENTER ON THUNDERSTORM POTENTIAL TONIGHT AND THREAT OF
BOTH SEVERE WEATHER AND HEAVY RAINFALL. THE AFOREMENTIONED CAP OF
WARM AIR IS PROGGED TO WEAKEN THIS EVENING AS THE TAIL END OF THE
IMPULSE OVER MN AND WI...CURRENTLY REACHING BACK INTO NW IA ADVANCES
SOUTHEAST TOWARD 00Z. THIS SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO TRIGGER THUNDERSTORMS
ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE ADVANCING COLD FRONT AND ALSO ALONG THE
CURRENT MESOSCALE BOUNDARIES IN EASTERN IA INTO NW IL. ENHANCED LOW
LEVEL HELICITY ALONG THESE BOUNDARIES...COMBINED WITH THE EXISTING
HIGH CAPE AND INCREASING DEEP LAYER SHEAR...MAY LEAD TO SUPERCELLS
AT THE ONSET...WHICH WILL HAVE A THREAT OF DAMAGING WIND AND
ISOLATED TORNADOES. THIS IS ROUGHLY DEPICTED BY HIGH RES CONVECTIVE
MODELS...WHICH DEMONSTRATE A TRANSITION FROM ISOLATED SUPERCELLS
AROUND 6 TO 7 PM...INTO A MORE LINEAR MODE THIS EVENING WITH STORMS
ALONG THE ADVANCING COLD FRONT...WHICH WOULD EXIT TO THE SOUTHEAST
BY 1 AM.

PW VALUES OF AROUND 150 PERCENT OF NORMAL WILL LEAD TO A THREAT OF
LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL WITH ANY STORMS. WITH THE LARGELY PROGRESSIVE
NATURE OF STORMS THIS EVENING...IMPACTS FROM HEAVY RAINFALL RATES
WILL BE MAINLY CONFINED AREAS THAT SAW HEAVY RAINFALL EARLIER THIS
MORNING. BASED ON SPOTTER REPORTS AND RADAR ESTIMATES...WIDESPREAD 1
TO 2 INCHES AND LOCALLY 2.5 INCHES OF RAIN FELL IN THE IOWA CITY AND
CEDAR RAPIDS CORRIDOR...OR ACROSS SOUTHERN BENTON...NORTHERN
IOWA...SOUTHERN LINN...MUCH OF JOHNSON...INTO WESTERN CEDAR
COUNTIES. THESE AREAS WILL BE WATCHED CLOSELY FOR A THREAT OF FLASH
FLOODING...BUT BASED ON ANTICIPATED STORM MODE AND THE PROGRESSIVE
NATURE OF THE SYSTEM...THE CONFIDENCE OF THIS THREAT IS NOT HIGH
ENOUGH TO WARRANT A FLASH FLOOD WATCH AT THIS TIME.

OVERNIGHT INTO SUNDAY...THE COLD FRONT SINKS SOUTH TO SOUTHERN IL
AND CENTRAL MO BY MIDDAY WITH A SECONDARY REINFORCING COLD FRONT
INDICATED REACHING INTO EASTERN IA AND NORTHERN IL BY BY AFTERNOON.
THIS MAY TRIGGER AT LEAST ISOLATED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS. WITH
THE REAL PUSH OF COOLER AND DRIER AIR NOT ARRIVING UNTIL AFTER THIS
BOUNDARY...WILL HAVE ANOTHER DAY WITH HIGHS IN THE LOWER TO MID
80S...BUT LESS OPPRESSIVE DEWPOINTS IN THE 60S.

.LONG TERM...(SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY)
ISSUED AT 335 PM CDT SAT JUL 12 2014

FORECAST FOCUS ON DEEP VORTEX BRINGING UNSEASONABLY COOL AIR EARLY
THIS WEEK THEN SLOWLY MODERATING TEMPERATURES. MUCH OF THE WEEK ALSO
LOOKS DRY AS LARGE HIGH PRESSURE DOMINATES. RECORD LOWS ARE POSSIBLE
EARLY TUESDAY.

MONDAY...DEEP VORTEX ORIGINATING OUT OF THE ARCTIC WILL PLUNGE DUE
SOUTH INTO THE GREAT LAKES REGION. A STRONG COLD FRONT WILL SWEEP
ACROSS THE CWA BRINGING WITH IT A CHANCE OF SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS. AT THIS POINT IN THE GAME THE HEAVIEST QPF APPEARS TO
REMAIN SOUTH OF THE DVN CWA. BEHIND THE FRONT NORTHWEST WINDS WILL
GUST TO 25 MPH USHERING UNSEASONABLY COOL AIR INTO THE CWA. HIGH
TEMPERATURES WILL RANGE FROM AROUND 70 NW TO THE UPPER 70S SE.

MONDAY NIGHT AND TUESDAY...THIS WILL BE WHEN THE COOL AIRMASS WILL
BE FELT THE MOST WITH THE UPPER LOW OVER THE GREAT LAKES. RECORD
LOWS ARE IN JEOPARDY EARLY TUESDAY. 850 MB TEMPERATURES DROP TO +5
TO +6C AND WITH THE COLD POCKET ALOFT AND STEEP LAPSE RATES THERE
WILL BE A CHANCE OF INSTABILITY SHOWERS...ESPECIALLY TUESDAY
AFTERNOON IN OUR NORTHEAST CWA. MINIMUM TEMPERATURES MONDAY NIGHT
SHOULD PLUMMET INTO THE UPPER 40S TO LOWER 50S. HIGHS ON TUESDAY
WILL ONLY BE IN THE UPPER 60S TO LOWER 70S. THESE READINGS ARE
TYPICALLY WHAT YOU WOULD SEE IN EARLY OCTOBER. WHAT IS TRULY
REMARKABLE IS THE FACT THAT THIS MAJOR COOL DOWN IS OCCURRING DURING
WHAT IS NORMALLY THE HOTTEST TIME OF THE YEAR!

WEDNESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY...DEEP TROUGH WILL GRADUALLY SHIFT TO THE
EAST BUT SPRAWLING HIGH PRESSURE WILL BRING DELIGHTFUL MID JULY
WEATHER TO THE MIDWEST. CLEAR NIGHTS AND SUNNY DAYS WILL ALLOW FOR
AFTERNOON HIGHS IN THE 70S WITH LOWS IN THE 50S.

FRIDAY INTO NEXT WEEKEND...UPPER FLOW BECOMES MORE ZONAL WITH
INCREASING TEMPERATURES AND HUMIDITY. HIGHS WILL PUSH TO AROUND 80
ON FRIDAY AND IN THE LOWER 80S ON SATURDAY...BUT THIS IS STILL A BIT
BELOW NORMAL. THE NEXT CHANCE OF THUNDERSTORMS APPEAR TO ARRIVE
MAINLY LATE IN THE WEEKEND.

HAASE

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 06Z TAFS THROUGH 06Z SUNDAY NIGHT)
ISSUED AT 1206 AM CDT SUN JUL 13 2014

SHOWERS AND STORMS WILL EXIT SOUTHEAST IA OVERNIGHT WITH PASSAGE OF
COLD FRONT. WINDS POST FRONTAL WILL BE FROM N/NW AND DIMINISH
AROUND/BLO 5 KTS. STRATUS AND PATCHY FOG WILL DEVELOP OVERNIGHT IN
WAKE WITH MVFR TO LIFR CONDITIONS. CONDITIONS EXPECTED TO RETURN
TO VFR BY AFTERNOON SUNDAY WITH WINDS WESTERLY TURNING NW AGAIN
AROUND 10 KTS WITH NEXT FRONT... WITH FEW SHOWERS AND ISOLD STORMS
POSSIBLE MID-LATE AFTERNOON AND EARLY EVENING AHEAD OF SECONDARY
FRONT. CONFIDENCE TOO LOW FOR INCLUSION WITH 06Z TAFS ATTIM.

&&

.DVN WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
IA...NONE.
IL...NONE.
MO...NONE.
&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...SHEETS
SHORT TERM...SHEETS
LONG TERM...HAASE
AVIATION...05





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