Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Quad Cities, IA IL

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FXUS63 KDVN 142341

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Quad Cities IA IL
641 PM CDT Sat Oct 14 2017


Issued at 259 PM CDT Sat Oct 14 2017

A surface low sits to the west of DSM and Ames at 200 PM with a
frontal boundry stretching from north of Kansas City
northeastward to Kirksville Missouri and to just south of
Chicago. South of that front dew points were in the mid 60s with
dew points in the lower 60s to the north. Scattered showers and
thunderstorms continued to move northeastward across eastern Iowa
and northwest Illinois. A flood watch remains in effect through 4
AM on Sunday.


.SHORT TERM...(This Evening through Sunday)
ISSUED AT 259 PM CDT Sat Oct 14 2017

The main forecast concern this period are chances of showers and
thunderstorms as well as the potential for severe thunderstorms
and heavy rain. Models are in good overall agreement through the

The current thinking is that the surface low in central Iowa will
rapidly move northeastward into northern Michigan and southern
Ontario Sunday. This idea fits with the current pressure falls
across northeast Iowa. This will cause the frontal boundry to our
south to surface northward brining warmer and more moist air
northward. This will help to destabilize the atmosphere. There is
strong and deep shear in place across the region with 0 to 6 km
bulk shear of 55 to 60 knots and 0 to 1 km SRH values of 200 to
300 m^2/S^2 pointing to rapidly rotating storms. The CAPE and MU-
CAPE will be on the lower end for typical severe but good for a
high shear and low cape severe weather. Storms will be moving
quickly and any tornadoes will be brief. For these reasons SPC has
places part of our south of a line from Ottumwa to Sterling in an
Enhanced Risk of severe thunderstorms with a slight risk to the
north to Dubuque.

CAMS (convection allowing models) show two rounds of potentially
severe thunderstorms this afternoon and this evening.
The window for severe weather will be between now and 11 PM.
Storms will come to an end from west to east start at 06 UTC.

A flash flood watch remain in effect through 4 AM with no additional
 changes to the timing and coverage with this update. Rainfall
amounts of a 0.50 to 0.75 inches has fallen south of a Fairfield
to Galesburg line with 0.75 inches to in excess of 2.50 inches
north of that line. This mornings and forecast soundings continue
to show near record precipitable water which is 200 to 225
percent above normal for this time of year. Showers and
thunderstorms will blossom across the region this evening as 850
mb winds around 50 knots veer into the region. Models continue to
show the deepest moisture and best dynamics in the area now
covered by the flash flood watch.

Expect a blustery day across the region on Sunday by a strong
pressure gradient will exist across the area with the departing
storm system to our northeast and surface high pressure to our
south. Expect northwesterly winds of 20 to 30 MPH through the day.
Temperatures will be 5 to 10 degrees below normal.

.LONG TERM...(Sunday Night through Saturday)
ISSUED AT 259 PM CDT Sat Oct 14 2017

The main forecast concern this period will chances of precipitation.
In the wake of the departing storm system from Saturday night
into Sunday morning the flow aloft transitions from southwest flow
aloft to northwest flow for the first part of the work week and
then zonal flow for the second half of the work week. Given the
transition away to northwest flow and a transition to a more zonal
flow aloft this would open us to fast moving shortwave energy
moving through the flow.

At this time, the forecast is dry as the moisture is limited. The
next chance of precipitation will be next weekend when a deeper
trough moving through the flow produces showers and thunderstorms
across the region.

Temperatures will be 5 degrees above the normals in the mid 60s.
Frost will be possible on Monday morning with the coldest air of
the season in place across our area. Temperatures on Monday
morning will be in the mid to upper 30s north of Interstate 80.


.AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Sunday Evening)
ISSUED AT 638 PM CDT Sat Oct 14 2017

Widespread MVFR/IFR conditions will be seen through 12z/15 as a
storm system moves through the Midwest with SHRA/TSRA. Pockets of
LIFR conditions are likely in the heavier SHRA/TSRA. There is a
potential for LLWS as well. After 12z/15, conditions will slowly
improve to VFR. Low level mechanical turbulence is likely due to
strong northwest winds.


IA...Flash Flood Watch until 4 AM CDT Sunday for Benton-Buchanan-

IL...Flash Flood Watch until 4 AM CDT Sunday for Bureau-Carroll-Henry
     IL-Jo Daviess-Mercer-Putnam-Rock Island-Stephenson-



SHORT TERM...Cousins
LONG TERM...Cousins
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