Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Quad Cities, IA IL

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FXUS63 KDVN 160925

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Quad Cities IA IL
325 AM CST Thu Nov 16 2017


Issued at 325 AM CST Thu Nov 16 2017

A seasonably cold airmass was over the forecast area early this
morning with temperatures in the mid 20s to around 30. A northwest
wind ahead of an in-building ridge of high pressure over western
MN continued to advect cold, dry air. Satellite fog channel
images showed an extensive area of low clouds over the eastern
Dakotas, MN and WI creeping southward into eastern IA and
northwest IL. Aloft, the flow was northwest ahead of a broad ridge
over the plains. Further west, an upper level trough off the west
coast will be our next weather system, bringing rain Friday into
Friday night, then another day of brisk winds and falling
temperatures Saturday.


.SHORT TERM...(Today and Tonight)
ISSUED AT 325 AM CST Thu Nov 16 2017

Main challenges are cloud cover and temperatures as high pressure
traverses the region today followed by a return flow of moisture
and warm air advection aloft tonight.

Today, the current stratus field will continue to spill south to
southeast across the area early this morning. These low clouds,
associated with layer of moisture in the northwest flow trapped
under under a strong inversion 850 mb, have been poorly handled by
most models so far tonight. There is thus low confidence in how far
south the clouds will spread before thinning out under weak low
level subsidence and light winds with the high passing through the
area around midday. For now, have compromised with mostly cloudy
skies across the north with partly cloudy skies in the south, where
high clouds will be spreading in during the day. Weak mixing and
light winds will limit highs to the lower to mid 40s, with the far
north possibly not reaching 40 if the low clouds hang on through the

Tonight, there may be some initial thinning in the clouds in the
evening, then overcast conditions are likely overnight as warm air
advection and moisture return develops above 850 mb.
Precipitation is likely to hold off until after sunrise, when high
res models and global models begin to bring in sufficient lift to
overcome the dry low levels. Light southeast winds and cloud
cover will likely limit lows to the lower to mid 30s.

.LONG TERM...(Friday through Wednesday)
ISSUED AT 325 AM CST Thu Nov 16 2017

The atmosphere will still be saturating Friday morning so
precipitation may not get started until late morning. Once
saturation occurs, light rain or a rain/drizzle mix will be seen
through sunset. The cloud cover and rain will suppress temperatures
and likely keep them in the 40s.

Friday night the main storm system moves through the area. The trend
with the models is to have the main low pass from Missouri into
central Illinois. Thus mainly rain will be seen across the area
Friday night with perhaps a few rumbles of thunder.

On Saturday cold air starts pouring into the area on strong
northwest winds as the storm system moves into the Ohio Valley.  A
familiar scenario develops for the area; will the rain end before
the cold air arrives.

Right now it appears that the rain will end first. However, one
cannot completely rule out a brief rain/snow mix just prior to the
rain ending.

The more important message Saturday will be the strong winds and
slowly falling temperatures. Sustained winds will be at least 20 to
30 mph with gusts to 35 mph, possibly higher. Temperatures are
expected to remain steady or slowly fall through the day.

Saturday night, quiet and dry conditions will be seen across the
area with decreasing winds. Temperatures should average below normal.

Sunday on...

Quiet and dry conditions will be seen Sunday through Wednesday. The
model consensus has storm tracks well north and south of the area.
There will be a dry frontal passage occurring Monday night/Tuesday.
Temperatures will generally average below normal.

Wednesday night, there are disagreements among the global models on
the track of a weak system moving through the western Great Lakes.
Moisture is limited and the better forcing remains across Minnesota
and Wisconsin. The model consensus has slight chance to chance pops
for potentially a rain/snow mix or perhaps some light snow.


.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Friday Morning)
ISSUED AT 325 AM CST Thu Nov 16 2017

An area of MVFR stratus has overspread DBQ and will likely reach
the CID and MLI terminals between 10z and 12z and the forecasts
have been updated. This cloud deck will likely remain in place
through 14z, then there is low confidence in how fast they will
dissipate later this morning. There is a potential for ceilings to
at least briefly dip below 1000 ft at CID and DBQ early this
morning. Otherwise, high pressure moving over the area will
provide light north to northwest winds with VFR conditions likely
from this afternoon through Thursday night.




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