Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Quad Cities, IA IL

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FXUS63 KDVN 010000

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Quad Cities IA IL
600 PM CST Tue Feb 28 2017


Issued at 330 PM CST Tue Feb 28 2017

As of 2 PM...1000mb sfc low positioned between Des Moines and
Cedar Rapids. To the SE, incredibly mild and moist late February
air mass has overspread E Iowa/NW Illinois. Temps are between
65-70 F (dewpoints in the mid/upper 50s) along/south of highway

SPC Mesoanalysis displayed 1000-1500 MUCAPE and near 50 kt effective
bulk shear over the forecast area, becoming largely sfc-based across
SW half of the area. Storms are expected to pop up near or just east
of the sfc low close to 3 PM, then spread ENE with time.


.SHORT TERM...(This Evening and tonight)
ISSUED AT 330 PM CST Tue Feb 28 2017

Late Afternoon through this Evening:

There is a risk for severe thunderstorms along/east of a Sigourney,
IA to Galena, IL line. The greatest risk is along and SE of a
Kahoka, MO to Geneseo, IL to far SE Whiteside Co. line where the
Storm Prediction Center has an enhanced risk. The main threats are
damaging winds around 60 mph and hail up to golf ball size.
Tornadoes are also possible, especially with the strongest storms
which will be supercells. Thunderstorms are forecast to remain
scattered, therefore not every location will be impacted by strong
or severe storms.

Being the last day of February, the synoptic environment is
anomalously warm and moist across E Iowa/NW Illinois. Sfc temps and
dewpoints in the 60s and upper 50s (respectfully) will push
instability into the 1000-2000 J/kg SBCAPE range. The forcing for
ascent and shear needed to develop and sustain rotating
storms/supercells are present in the form of an approaching sfc low
riding along a warm front, and 50 kts of effective deep layer shear.

Severe Storm Timing and Risk Areas:

LCLs near 500 meters, low LFCs, 30 kts of 0-1 km shear, and SRH near
200 m2/s2 are key ingredients supportive of a tornado risk. One
limiting factor, as displayed in forecast hodographs, is marginal
directional shear in the lowest 1 km for counties west of the Quad
Cities. Forecast storm motion per 850-300mb mean wind and forward
propagating Corfidi vectors is WSW to ENE around 50-60 mph.

In the counties along and east of the Mississippi R., sfc
winds are nearly due south as of the early afternoon and may back to
the SSE has convection forms NW of this area. Therefore, the
central/east-central counties of the forecast area have the higher
risk for tornadic supercells. This is where consecutive runs of the
HRRR have been showing a few robust swaths of 2-5 km max updraft
helicity from late afternoon supercells it`s developing.

The greatest uncertainty with respect to storm coverage, or storms
affecting portions of the CWA, is with the secondary round that
forms along the cold front after 8-9 PM. The HRRR has consistently
been congealing this line to the E/SE of the DVN CWA.


.LONG TERM...(Wednesday Night through Tuesday)
ISSUED AT 339 PM CST Tue Feb 28 2017

Wednesday...Upper trof acrs central IA, while main sfc low rolls
northeastward acrs lower MI, will drive secondary def zone type
precip band acrs the CWA Wed from west-to-east. Dynamical/top-down
cooling to produce rain to wet snow switch over as morning
progresses especially along and north of the HWY 20 corridor.  But
same processes to battle diurnal processes and lingering mild
boundary layer for awhile, and main be a rain-snow mix or all rain
on it`s south flank for awhile. But some signs of heavier snow/
dendritic bursts along and north of HWY 20 and will go with a wet
inch to just under 2 inches of snow accum in those far northern
areas by Wed evening when the precip pulls out to the east. Less
than an inch from HWY 20 on down to HWY 30, with daytime melting and
compacting on lingering mild ground temps eating away at true snow.
Better snow accum potentail on elevated surfaces. Brisk
northwesterly gradient winds of 15 to 25 MPH and gusts to 35 MPH,
and highs in most areas in the upper 30s to lower 40s making for a
raw day to welcome in March. The far south will make it into the mid
40s with some breaks in the cloud cover. Cool night in the 20s into
Thu morning.

Thursday and Friday...a weak clipper for a wintry mix of light
precip on Thu under broad northwesterlies. then a more organized
system utilizing return flow convergence for another mixed precip
event Fri night.

Saturday and Sunday...Upstream thermal ridge still on track to build
east acrs the region over the weekend, with highs in the 50s to low
60s on Sat, warming into the mid to upper 60s on Sunday except north
of HWY 30 where it looks cooler. mainly dry until possible light
rain system late Sunday into Sunday night.

Next Monday and Tuesday...Latest medium range models roll out a
large cyclone acrs the Midwest this period, with mild weather and
showers/some storms possible on it`s mild side late Mon into Mon
night. Cooler with rain possibly changing to snow in the north on


.AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Wednesday Evening)
ISSUED AT 547 PM CST Tue Feb 28 2017

Widely scattered to isolated storms acrs the area will decrease or
move out of the VCNTY of most of the TAF sites by 03z this
evening, with VFR CIGs in between. Then a frontal passage will
switch winds to the northwest and increase, but some risk of
lowering MVFR cigs behind the front with embedded rain. Convergent
bands of wind may also produce areas of MVFR fog despite
northwest winds into early Wed morning. Then rain becoming mixed
with wet snow from west to east at CID and DBQ(possibly MLI as
well) from mid morning into mid afternoon. Strong northwest sfc
winds gusting up to 30 KTs for much of the day, and may reduce
VSBYs to temporary IFR levels in the falling snow or rain/snow
mix bands from late morning into early afternoon.   ..12..


Issued at 330 PM CST Tue Feb 28 2017

Many area rivers continue to be on the rise due to recent rainfall
locally, and routed water from upstream due to both rainfall and
snow melt to the north. Additional rainfall amounts from this
afternoon through tomorrow morning will range from around a
quarter inch, to over three quarters of an inch. The higher
amounts will occur under the thunderstorms and be localized.
Taking this all into account and the routed water coming from
upstream, with somewhat higher confidence have upgraded the river
flood watches to warnings for the Mississippi sites at Rock
Island, Muscatine, New Boston, and Keithsburg. Additionally, have
upgraded Gladstone and Burlington to Major flood stage by early
next week. These southern sites river levels become enhanced from
flow input/contribution from the Iowa/Cedar Rivers. Have gone with
a river flood watch for Fulton and IL City on the Mississippi
with lower confidence that they may just reach flood stage or fall
just short late in the coming weekend.

As for the tributaries, confidence is high enough in the routed
water from upstream along with some rainfall tonight, to upgrade the
Wapsipinicon River near De Witt to a flood warning. Forecast has it
falling just short of moderate flood stage later Thu night, and will
have to watch trends of a possible higher crest getting into the
moderate category. Rises near or above action stage still expected
on portions of the Iowa and Cedar Rivers, with Conesville on the
Cedar cresting now above flood stage. Projected rainfall through
Wednesday morning may push both Joslin and Moline on the Rock River
above action stage Fri into Sat.   ..12..


ISSUED AT 330 PM CST Tue Feb 28 2017

Record Highs for today February 28...

Moline.........66 in 2016
Cedar Rapids...64 in 1932
Dubuque........62 in 1895
Burlington.....69 in 1932




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