Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Austin/San Antonio, TX

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FXUS64 KEWX 232353

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Austin/San Antonio TX
653 PM CDT Fri Aug 23 2019

00Z Aviation forecast below.


Isolated to scattered SHRAs and TSRAs ongoing across portions of
South Central Texas this evening. Activity near and east of the I-35
corridor should diminish after sunset. Convection across portions of
the Hill Country and near the Rio Grande could persist longer into
the evening, before diminishing overnight. A few storms could produce
gusty winds. In addition, outflow from earlier storms, combined with
the sea-breeze boundary, is racing inland and producing strong wind
gusts at AUS, HYI, and BAZ and should arrive at SAT very shortly.
Wind gusts between 25-40 kts have been recorded with this boundary.
Outside of convection VFR conditions will prevail through the evening
and most of the overnight. A small area of MVFR ceilings may occur
between 09Z-15Z near the I-35 corridor.


.PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 250 PM CDT Fri Aug 23 2019/

SHORT TERM (Tonight through Saturday Night)...
Early afternoon water vapor imagery showed a few larger scale
features around the continental US with a compact upper low spinning
over Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho and a shortwave trough axis located
over the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. Additionally, regional VAD
wind profilers indicate that the mid-level trough that was evident
over West Central Texas on this morning`s radiosonde observations is
still lingering over West Central Texas. Visible satellite imagery
has shown an enhancement in the cumulus field in the vicinity of this
feature. Continued heating combined with weak lift from this trough
and residual surface boundaries from last night`s thunderstorms will
allow for deeper updrafts to develop through the remainder of the
afternoon hours and into the early evening. This will result in rain
chances focusing in two areas this afternoon: the Hill Country and
parts of the Rio Grande Plains, which are closer to the trough, as
well as the Coastal Plains as the sea breeze moves inland. Surface
dew point depressions around the region are close to 25 to 30 degrees
this afternoon and this relatively dry sub-cloud airmass will mean
that any strong thunderstorm will be capable of a gusty wind threat.
GOES Total Precipitable Water satellite imagery shows that
precipitable water values range from 1.6 to 1.9 inches across the
region this afternoon in a weakly sheared environment and
thunderstorms will also be slow-moving and capable of locally heavy

Regional radars shows a southward-moving outflow boundary nearing
the Interstate 20 corridor as well, which a few HRRR runs have
indicated may reach Central Texas before midnight tonight. Only
carrying a silent 10 percent chance of rain for this feature, but a
mid-evening update to increase rain chances for the Central Texas
counties may be needed should it hold together. Otherwise, storms
may linger into the the early morning hours across Val Verde County
given the proximity of the mid-level trough with a few streamer type
showers edging into the Coastal Plains by dawn. Redevelopment of
nocturnal stratus will again keep overnight lows elevated in the low
to mid 70s.

Broad mid/upper-level ridging spreads across California into the
Desert Southwest tonight as the weak mid-level trough axis remains
centered over Texas. As the closed low near Montana opens up and
crosses the Central Plains during the day Saturday, the weakness over
Texas gets pushed east of the region and and allows for ridging to
begin spreading back into the state Saturday night. This will mean
that isolated to scattered showers and thunderstorms will be possible
across most of the region during the late morning through early
evening hours on Saturday as convective temperatures are reached,
with greatest coverage along mesoscale boundaries either leftover
from storm`s today or the sea breeze. Forecast soundings continue to
indicate an inverted-V profile, indicating stronger cells on Saturday
will once again be capable of gusty winds. While a few storms may
linger into the evening hours Saturday across the Rio Grande Plains,
loss of heating will allow for most activity to dissipate with lows
again in the low to mid 70s.

LONG TERM (Sunday through Friday)...
With mid-level ridging building back into the region on Sunday,
temperatures will gradually get hotter Sunday through the mid-week
period. This will also suppress rain chances across most of the
region save for the sea breeze as it reaches the Coastal Plains. A
series of troughs crossing the Central Plains late week may attempt
to send a cold front into North Texas by late in the forecast, but
inconsistencies amongst medium range guidance precludes introducing
any kind of significant changes to the temperature or rain forecast
late week.


Austin Camp Mabry              77  97  78  99  78 /  20  20  10  20  10
Austin Bergstrom Intl Airport  75  95  77  98  78 /  20  20  10  20  10
New Braunfels Muni Airport     75  95  76  98  77 /  20  20  10  20  10
Burnet Muni Airport            74  95  75  98  76 /  20  20  10  20  10
Del Rio Intl Airport           78  98  78 102  79 /  20  30  20  10   0
Georgetown Muni Airport        76  97  77  99  78 /  20  20  10  20  10
Hondo Muni Airport             76  99  76 100  77 /  10  30  20  20  10
San Marcos Muni Airport        75  96  76  98  77 /  20  20  10  20  10
La Grange - Fayette Regional   76  97  77  98  78 /  20  30  10  30  10
San Antonio Intl Airport       77  97  78  98  79 /  20  20  10  20  10
Stinson Muni Airport           77  97  78  98  79 /  20  20  10  20  10




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