Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Topeka, KS

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FXUS63 KTOP 222337
AFDTOP

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
National Weather Service Topeka KS
637 PM CDT MON AUG 22 2016

...Update to aviation forecast discussion...

.SHORT TERM...(This Evening through Tuesday)
Issued at 255 PM CDT MON AUG 22 2016

Latest surface analysis shows a surface trough over the Western High
Plains with a retreating surface high over the Ohio Valley. Surface
dew pints int he lower 70s were located across north Texas and into
southern Oklahoma this afternoon. Aloft a upper level low was moving
into Alberta Province while the associated upper trough extended
south into Oregon. Tonight the low level jet will transport moisture
northward into eastern Kansas. Isentropic lift in the 305K to 310K
layer may generate some elevated showers and thunderstorms across
east central Kansas while a weak wave ejecting out of the western
trough may generate an isolated shower or thunderstorm late in the
night across north central Kansas. Clouds will increase after
midnight and some fog is also possible across northeast and east
central Kansas. Not expecting any dense fog as models are in
agreement with the formation of a low level stratus deck of clouds.
The low level jet will veer to the southwest late tonight and early
Tuesday with the lift shifting off into Missouri by mid morning.
Expect a lull in precipitation chances from mid morning until mid
afternoon. By the afternoon a mid level shortwave trough will eject
northeast across Kansas and Nebraska while the main upper low moves
eastward across southern Canada and the Dakotas. This will move a
cold front east and southeast across the Plains and moving it into
central Nebraska and northwest Kansas by late afternoon. Should see
come clearing in the afternoon hours especially out in north central
Kansas. Forecast soundings show mlcape of 1800-2000 J/kg in the
afternoon. 25 to 30 kts of shear is forecast in the late afternoon
hours. Main convection should develop across Nebraska ahead of the
front with more isolated to scattered possible across the CWA. Any
of the stronger storms will be capable of producing hail and damaging
winds. Highs on Tuesday will be in the mid upper 80s with the
warmer reading across north central Kansas.

.LONG TERM...(Tuesday Night through Monday)
Issued at 255 PM CDT MON AUG 22 2016

Tuesday night an upper level wave moves over eastern Nebraska and
portions of northeast Kansas.  While the best dynamics remain north
of the area for this system, CAPE and shear values still do indicate
the potential for strong to severe storms, with the most likely
scenario being storm initiation northwest of the area and a complex
of storms moving into northeast Kansas in the evening.  On
Wednesday, a front makes its way towards the area, bringing more
chances for storms through the afternoon in central Kansas and
moving northeast toward the area by the evening.  Slight
disagreement in models on where the front will hang up Wednesday
evening into Thursday, but overall it looks like widespread amounts
of a half inch to an inch with locally heavier amounts will be
possible during this time frame.

The front looks to move southeast of the area Thursday evening into
Friday, which could very well lead to a dry conditions for the area
Thursday afternoon and evening.  By Friday, Kansas will be in between
surface high pressure to the northeast and a surface trough over the
Rockies.  Southwest to northeast upper level flow over the Central
Plains exists through Sunday afternoon with a number of shortwaves
moving through the mean flow.  This keeps precipitation chances
through the end of the period.  Models tend to diverge on the
overall synoptic pattern by late Sunday, but an upper level trough
may clip the area by Sunday night or Monday.

As for temperatures, Wednesday warms into the upper 80s before the
front moves through Thursday creating a gradient across the area
with highs in the mid 70s in north central Kansas.  From here a
gradual warm up will be seen from Friday through the weekend with
highs back to the upper 80s by Monday.  Lows will generally be in
the 60s through the period.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Tuesday Evening)
Issued at 633 PM CDT MON AUG 22 2016

Low level jet strengthens tonight, bringing LLWS to TAF sites
after 05Z with 37-44 kt winds at 1000-1500 feet AGL through 13Z.
Surface winds will increase just after sunrise with gusts through
the day. Also expect the low level jet to increase low level
moisture, and expect to see a low-end MVFR deck overspread
TOP/FOE and probably MHK before gradually lifting and scattering
by late morning. TS become possible late in the day but chances
too low to include in TAF at this time.

&&

.TOP Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...53
LONG TERM...Heller
AVIATION...Barjenbruch



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