Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Brownsville, TX

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FXUS64 KBRO 210105 AAB

Area Forecast Discussion...UPDATED
National Weather Service Brownsville TX
705 PM CST Tue Feb 20 2018

...Mesoscale Update...

.DISCUSSION...Recent radar trends have indicated some leading
stratiform from convection upstream moving into Starr and Zapata
Counties this evening. In response to this, increased POPs this
evening to better reflect the evolving situation.

The thunderstorm potential looks conditional at the moment. SBCAPE
(~2000 j/kg) and low level backed winds show some potential. The
primary limiting factor is weak low level shear. HRRR has been
bullish with convection across the west, however, as a capping
inversion increases overnight think shear will not be the only
limiting factor. If storms can maintain and move a little east
into less inhibition and away from stratiform contaminated air,
can`t rule out a strong storm or two...again very conditional.



.PREV DISCUSSION... /issued 535 PM CST Tue Feb 20 2018/

..00z Aviation Update...

DISCUSSION...Updated for latest aviation discussion below.

AVIATION...The primary story this TAF cycle will be continued
MVFR/IFR ceilings and brisk southerly winds. Overnight, cloud
bases should remain steady or lower somewhat, perhaps as low as
IFR at times for HRL. Can`t rule out some very light shower
activity for HRL. As of the 00z update we are monitoring
convection across northern Mexico, however, not expecting this to
impact our TAF sites at this time. Southerly winds will pick back
up by mid to late morning on Wednesday. Any IFR ceilings should
bump to MVFR or perhaps even VFR for McAllen, especially by

PREV DISCUSSION... /issued 312 PM CST Tue Feb 20 2018/

SHORT TERM (Now through Wednesday Night): Winds have maintained
their gusty character into early this afternoon, with few gusts
topping 35mph but remaining shy of Wind Advisory criterion.
Earlier, also had to nudge PoP`s up a bit for the remainder of the
afternoon, per radar trends over the eastern counties and near-
term model guidance over the west.

In the larger sense, Texas remains caught in the SSW flow between
the upper-level trough over the western CONUS and the strong high
parked off the SE CONUS; this won`t change drastically in the
short-term. This evening, GFS and HRRR are pretty bullish with
scattered showers and a few thunderstorms over Zapata/Jim
Hogg/Starr counties courtesy of a "ripple" in the H5 flow. NAM is
a bit further north with the ripple, but have leaned away from it
for the near-term. Otherwise, another warm and humid night is in
store with only slight chances of showers for the remainder of the
area. Temps for tonight and Wednesday were changed very little
from the inherited forecast. Regarding Wednesday, flow aloft veers
to more WSW and becomes a bit drier, making the column moisture a
bit more diffuse. Have kept only isolated coverage PoP`s through
Wednesday afternoon. Temps were teased down just a bit, but most
areas will see low-mid 80s with some afternoon breezes (but down a
notch from today with the PGF weakening ahead of an approaching

Speaking of the next cold front, it will be pushing southward
through Texas on Wednesday. 12Z GFS moves it into the
northern/western counties between 00-03Z on Thursday and stalls it
there. 12Z NAM is actually a hare slower but keeps slowly plowing
it forward through the night, essentially bisecting the CWA from
NE-SW by early Thursday morning. Per coordination with other Texas
offices, have leaned into NAM solution for winds/temps/dewpoints
starting Wednesday evening. Some uncertainty here, though. NAM
pushed the last front too far south...but, this time the high
pushing it is stronger (around 1040mb), though still tracks much
more east than south. So, there will be a fairly tight gradient in
min temps from NW to SE Thursday morning, with mid-upper 50s near
APY to around 70 for BRO. Scattered showers and isolated
thunderstorms are expected along and behind the front, with more
isolated activity ahead of it.

LONG TERM (Thursday through Tuesday):  Return flow should redevelop
at the coast on Thursday as a West Coast short wave trough pushes
into the Southwest, supporting pressure falls over the southern
High Plains, with rain chances decreasing as a remnant frontal
boundary retreats north. At least that was the original
thinking...per some late-breaking collaboration with other Texas
offices, will lean more toward the colder NAM solution (though
with some uncertainty) for Thursday/Thursday night, which will
leave quite a gradient in temps across the CWA with the boundary
stalled out. Front should finally lift back northward early in the
day on Friday.

The short wave trough will swing deep over the Southwest by
Friday, with continuing southwest flow aloft over the CWA. Thus,
the focus for convection will remain well to the north of the Rio
Grande Valley Friday as the next cold front moves toward south
Texas on Saturday. A surface cold front is forecast to push
through Saturday night, but as mentioned the mid level trough will
be well to the north of the area at that time, and unable to
provide significant supporting upper dynamics. Elevated convection
will develop across the CWA Saturday night with the front.
Moderate north to northeast winds will develop on Sunday behind
the front, with lingering showers. The GFS and the ECMWF differ
slightly on the location/progression and strength of the front,
with the ECMWF slower and weaker than the GFS on Sunday.
Differences seem to decrease somewhat Sunday night, however, with
high pressure settling over the area. High pressure will slide
east on Monday with winds veering to east and southeast by
Tuesday. Mostly cloudy skies will develop and stick around Friday
and beyond, with a chance of rain on Sunday and Monday. The newer
GFS run keeps temperatures lower by 5 to 10 degrees from Sunday
afternoon through Tuesday, though still near to slightly above

MARINE (Now through Wednesday Night): Mainly moderate SE winds
will persist through much of the short-term, with some backing to
more easterly possible ahead of a cold front Wednesday night over
the northern waters. However, persistent SE fetch across the
western Gulf will keep Gulf seas elevated, especially for the
waters 20-60nm out. 6-7 ft. seas will be common, with SCEC likely
to continue and possibly reaching SCA criterion tomorrow night.
Scattered showers and thunderstorms also expected for the northern
waters Wednesday night.

Thursday through Sunday night:  Moderate southeast to south winds and
moderate to high seas will prevail through the long term forecast as
high pressure to the east dominates the Gulf. Forecast wave heights
are coming in slightly higher than the short period wind driven
heights one might expect for the predicted wind strength, and it is
possible that some east to southeast longer period fetch component
is being incorporated.  Hence, periods of small craft should
exercise caution to low end small craft advisory conditions will
be the rule. A front will move into the area Saturday night into
Sunday, shifting winds to east and then northeast.




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