Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Dallas/Fort Worth, TX

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453
FXUS64 KFWD 231820
AFDFWD

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Fort Worth TX
120 PM CDT MON MAY 23 2016

.AVIATION...
The thunderstorm complex that moved across areas mainly north
of I-20 this morning had moved off to the east. Ceilings have
improved to VFR in the Metroplex and these conditions will likely
continue through the afternoon into the evening hours. MVFR
stratus should spread back into the TAF sites 04-05z. Although
not mentioned in the TAFs, some of the computer guidance does
indicate IFR conditions developing around 05z and then continuing
through 18z Tuesday. There are very low chances of thunderstorms
late this afternoon into early evening, but with the capping
inversion in place these chances are way too low to include in the
TAFs. There will also be a low chance of thunderstorms
around/slightly after daybreak Tuesday if thunderstorms that are
expected to develop along the dryline in West Texas late this
afternoon manage to work their way toward the Metroplex, but
chances at the Metroplex TAF sites are too low to include at this
time.

MVFR ceilings will prevail through this afternoon across the Waco
area with periods of high end ifr. Expect more widespread IFR
conditions to develop late during the evening and then prevail
through midday Tuesday. Some borderline LIFR may occur 10-14z
with a combination of low ceilings and patchy fog.


58

&&

.UPDATE...
The morning MCS has moved through the northern zones and has
weakened considerably with now just one thunderstorm moving out of
the CWA. In the wake of this morning`s system, subsidence aloft
will spread across the area as well as increasing westerly flow
above the moist boundary layer. This will result in warming aloft
and an increasing cap which is already becoming evident on latest
ACARS data. Any convection that does develop this afternoon would
likely occur along the remnant outflow boundary which will become
draped along a line from Graham to Waxahachie to Tyler. Again, due
to the unfavorable synoptic environment, convection may not
develop at all. The PoP forecast is generally on track with just
a slight chance of additional convection possible through the
remainder of the day. Due to the unstable airmass with sufficient
shear...any storms that do develop today could become severe.
Otherwise we have made a minor downward adjustment for today`s
highs due to the impacts of this morning`s outflow across the
northern zones and prevailing dense cloud cover across the western
zones.

The focus for additional convection this afternoon and evening
will be along the dry line which will be well to the west of the
CWA. This activity has the potential to track eastward into the
area later tonight. We will be investigating this potential
further and will have more information on this later today.

TR.92

&&

.PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 403 AM CDT MON MAY 23 2016/
Complex of thunderstorms continues to move through southern
Oklahoma and into our Red River counties this morning with a well
defined bow echo likely to produce some severe wind gusts over the
next few hours. Atmosphere out ahead of this line of storms from
I-20 north is moderately unstable with mixed-layer CAPE near
1500j/kg with a healthy low level jet feeding into the system.
Local acoustic profiler indicates southeast winds at 20kt at 500ft
which increase to 40kt at 1800ft per the latest FWS VAD wind
profile. This fairly strong southerly flow and instability should
keep the complex moving into North Texas through early morning
affecting areas primarily north of Interstate 20. The threat for
severe weather (mainly damaging wind) appears that it will be
confined to a few of our Red River counties as instability
diminishes farther to the east and low level winds weaken. We will
have to monitor for additional development farther west which
could eventually dive south into a better environment. So through
the late morning hours...we will have the highest PoPs along our
northern tier of counties...diminishing to 20% from Interstate 20
and areas south.

There are a couple of concerns through the next 6-12 hours or so
with respect to the ongoing convection. Low level warm advection
is quite strong...and several new thunderstorms have developed
well behind the main complex within the mature cold pool. These
storms so far are staying primarily in Oklahoma but we will have
to see if additional development gets close to North Texas. Any of
these storms would likely pose a hail threat. Of slightly higher
concern is the slowing southward progression of the current line
of storms. As we head later into the morning...the low level flow
is expected to veer...becoming oriented more parallel with the
current line or its outflow boundary. As we heat up...there could
be renewed development in the same general area as the current
convection...which could result in a localized flash flood threat.
Rainfall rates with some of these storms have been as high as
3"/hr. If convection persists or trains in any given area for very
long...flash flooding would be an increasing concern. This could
also be problematic later tonight if additional thunderstorms move
over areas that are getting heavy rainfall now. At this time...no
flash flood watch will be issued given uncertainties in the
evolution of this morning`s activity...however...this potential
will be monitored closely.

The current forecast will indicate a gradual weakening of this
complex through late morning...with more stable air in its wake
into the early afternoon. We will have 20% chances of new
thunderstorm development this afternoon across North and Central
Texas. Similar to yesterday...the dryline will likely be the focus
for afternoon/evening thunderstorms across West Texas with the
best chance for storm organization across the Panhandle into
southwestern Oklahoma. These locations will again be closer to any
appreciable forcing aloft. By early evening...the atmosphere
across North Texas should have recovered and become moderately
unstable again. Thunderstorms will once again have the potential
to make a run at North Texas so we will have the highest PoPs
across the northwest half of the CWA.

On Tuesday...flow aloft will become more southwesterly which
should help strengthen the capping inversion across the region.
The dryline will make a push a little farther east by late
afternoon...so will keep some 20% PoPs across our far western
counties...otherwise most areas should remain dry.

Capping will be strongest on Wednesday with little in the way of
convection expected across North Texas. Temperatures will also
warm in response and should be in the upper 80s and lower 90s
across most of the area.

By late Wednesday night...a strong shortwave trough will be moving
into the 4-corners region with ascent spreading east into Texas.
Some elevated moisture will spread across North Texas late
Wednesday night in a region of steep lapse rates. This may result
in some spotty elevated thunderstorms so will include a 20% chance
during that time. Otherwise...thunderstorms are expected to really
increase in coverage during the day Thursday with additional
chances into Friday as the shortwave moves east across the
southern Plains.  Severe weather will be possible on both days.

Dunn



&&


.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
Dallas-Ft. Worth    84  72  88  73  90 /  60  30  10  10   5
Waco                84  71  89  74  90 /  20  10  10  10   5
Paris               82  69  84  70  86 / 100  20  20  10   5
Denton              83  68  87  71  90 / 100  40  10  10   5
McKinney            82  70  86  73  87 / 100  30  20  10   5
Dallas              84  72  89  74  90 /  60  20  20  10   5
Terrell             84  70  87  72  88 /  40  20  20  10   5
Corsicana           86  72  89  73  89 /  30  10  10  10   5
Temple              85  70  87  72  89 /  20  10  10  10   5
Mineral Wells       84  69  87  71  91 /  20  30  20  20   5

&&

.FWD Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
None.
&&

$$

58/92



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