Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Gaylord, MI

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000
FXUS63 KAPX 200649
AFDAPX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GAYLORD MI
249 AM EDT SAT SEP 20 2014

.SYNOPSIS...
ISSUED AT 247 AM EDT SAT SEP 20 2014

OCCASIONAL WET WEATHER IS EXPECTED THIS WEEKEND...AS A COLD FRONT
AND LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM MOVES ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES REGION. HIGH
PRESSURE WILL PASS TO OUR SOUTH EARLY IN THE WORK WEEK...DRYING US
OUT AND STARTING TO WARM US UP. AN EXTENDED PERIOD OF DRY AND WARM
WEATHER IS EXPECTED FOR THE REST OF THE WORK WEEK.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(TODAY THROUGH TONIGHT)
ISSUED AT 247 AM EDT SAT SEP 20 2014

...SHOWER AND THUNDERSTORMS EXPECTED TODAY AND TONIGHT...

HIGH IMPACT WEATHER POTENTIAL: TYPICAL THUNDERSTORM CONCERNS
(LIGHTNING/BRIEF HEAVY RAIN/GUSTY WINDS) RIGHT THROUGH TONIGHT.
ISOLATED SEVERE STORM POSSIBILITIES THIS AFTERNOON?

PATTERN SYNOPSIS/ANTICIPATED EVOLUTION: BRIEF INTERLUDE TO A MUCH
MORE DEAMPLIFIED PATTERN CONTINUES...WITH A NEARLY ZONAL APPEARANCE
TO MID AND UPPER LEVEL FLOW ACROSS THE NORTHERN CONUS/SOUTHERN
CANADA. PLENTY OF ACTIVITY WITHIN THIS FLOW REGIME...WITH LEAD WAVE
CUTTING ACROSS THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY...WITH SECONDARY STRONGER
WAVE DIVING SOUTHEAST INTO SASKATCHEWAN. BOTH OF THESE FEATURES WILL
HAVE SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON OUR WEATHER THROUGH THIS WEEKEND...WITH
THE FORMER BRINGING SHOWERS AND EMBEDDED STORMS TODAY INTO THIS
EVENING...WITH THE LATTER KEEPING CONDITIONS UNSETTLED LATER TONIGHT
AND SUNDAY. ALREADY PLENTY OF SHOWERS ONGOING OVER PARTS OF THE
NORTHERN LAKES WITH SHARP MOISTURE ADVECTION INTERACTING WITH
APPROACHING MID LEVEL SUPPORT AND ATTENDANT COLD FRONT. SOME OF THIS
ACTIVITY IS WETTING THE GROUND ACROSS THE NORTHWEST HALF OF OUR
AREA...WITH SOUTHEAST AREAS REMAIN DRY (SO FAR AT LEAST). A MUCH
MILDER NIGHT...WITH CURRENT READINGS MOSTLY IN THE 50S AND LOWER 60S.

PRIMARY FORECAST CHALLENGES/CONCERNS: SHOWER AND STORM EVOLUTION
TODAY AND TONIGHT. ADDRESSING THUNDERSTORM INTENSITY (ISOLATED
SEVERE?) FOR THIS AFTERNOON.

DETAILS: UNFORTUNATELY...JUST NOT AN OVERLY CONFIDENT FORECAST
TODAY. FORCING REMAINS DISJOINTED...WITH SHARP MOISTURE
ADVECTION/THETA-E GRADIENT OVERHEAD THIS MORNING...WELL AHEAD OF
UPSTREAM COLD FRONT EXPECTED TO PASS LATE THIS AFTERNOON AND
EVENING. SURFACE BASED INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THIS FRONT NEARLY
COMPLETELY TIED TO BEING ABLE TO GENERATE SOME SUNSHINE...AND THAT
IS ANYTHING BUT CERTAIN. AND IF THAT IS NOT ENOUGH TO GENERATE
UNCERTAINTY...BEST MID LEVEL SUPPORT ARRIVES POST-FRONTAL...EXPECTED
TO CROSS THE AREA LATE TONIGHT INTO THE START OF SUNDAY. HAVE SEEN
THIS BEFORE...AND REALLY STARTING TO WONDER IF MOST SHOWERS/ELEVATED
THUNDERSTORMS OCCUR THIS MORNING ALONG RAMPED-UP MOISTURE AXIS/LOW
LEVEL JET SUPPORT...WITH WEAK FORCING ALONG FRONT LATER TODAY
IGNITING JUST SOME SCATTERED ACTIVITY. WILL WAIT FOR FULL PERUSAL OF
LATEST AND GREATEST GUIDANCE TRENDS...BUT STRONGLY LEANING TOWARD
THIS LESS AGGRESSIVE AFTERNOON APPROACH. OF COURSE...THIS DOES NOT
BODE WELL FOR SEVERE WEATHER POTENTIAL...WITH LIMITED DEEP LAYER
FORCING AND PLENTY OF INSTABILITY CONCERNS. BEST FOCUS FOR SEVERE
WEATHER REMAINS OFF TO OUR SOUTH...AND IN FULL SUPPORT OF SUCH GIVEN
ABOVE DETAILS. IF SOME CLEARING/DESTABILIZATION IS REALIZED...
OVERHEAD MID LEVEL SPEED MAX AND ASSOCIATED DEEP LAYER SHEAR VALUES
DOES SUPPORT AN ISOLATED SEVERE WIND THREAT. BEST BET FOR THIS WILL
BE ALONG/SOUTH OF M-55...BUT EVEN THIS SEEMS LIKE A LOW PROB
SCENARIO AT THIS TIME.

COLD FRONT EXITS THIS EVENING...LIKELY LEAVING BEHIND A QUIET
STRETCH OF WEATHER THROUGH THE EARLY MORNING HOURS. STRONG VORT MAX
APPROACHES QUICKLY TOWARD SUNRISE...WITH DEEP LAYER RESPONSE
SUPPORTED BY LER UPPER JET DYNAMICS. SUSPECT SHOWERS WILL INCREASE
IN COVERAGE ONCE AGAIN...TARGETING THE SOUTHERN THIRD OF THE AREA
PER BEST UPPER JET SUPPORT. ELEVATED CAPE AND DECENT MID LEVEL LAPSE
RATES IN LOCKSTEP WITH DEEPENING FORCING...SUPPORTING AT LEAST A
CHANCE WORDING FOR ELEVATED THUNDER.

&&

.LONG TERM...(SUNDAY THROUGH FRIDAY)
ISSUED AT 247 AM EDT SAT SEP 20 2014

...RAIN CHANCES SUNDAY FOLLOWED BY AN EXTENDED DRY PERIOD...

VIGOROUS DIGGING SHORTWAVE WILL BE BARELY CLOSED OFF AS IT CROSSES
LOWER MI ON SUNDAY. A WEAK SURFACE WAVE WILL BE JUST AHEAD OF THIS
FEATURE...OVER CENTRAL LOWER MI SUNDAY MORNING BEFORE MOVING TOWARD
THE THUMB AND EVENTUALLY LAKE ONTARIO. THIS TROF WILL OPEN UP AS IT
DEPARTS SUNDAY NIGHT AND BEYOND...WITH STEADY HEIGHT RISES ALOFT. AT
THE SURFACE...HIGH PRESSURE WILL BUILD FROM THE NORTHERN PLAINS TO
THE OHIO VALLEY. SO...AFTER UNSETTLED WX SUNDAY...DRIER AND WARMER
CONDITIONS WILL BE SEEN FOR MUCH OF THE WORK WEEK.

SUNDAY...LOW LEVEL COLD ADVECTION WILL ALREADY BE UNDERWAY IN
EASTERN UPPER MI ON NE FLOW TO START THE DAY. NORTHERLY FLOW WILL
EXPAND ACROSS NORTHERN MI BY MID-AFTERNOON AS THE SURFACE LOW PULLS
OUT. THERE IS STILL A WINDOW FOR WARM-SECTOR DEEP CONVECTION IN SE
SECTIONS IN THE MORNING...ALONG WITH A QUICK SPIKE IN TEMPS INTO THE
MID/UPPER 60S. OTHERWISE...THE ORGANIZING COLD CONVEYOR BELT WILL BE
THE MAIN SOURCE FOR PRECIP. THIS FEATURE WILL SIT OVER FAR NORTHERN
LOWER MI IN THE MORNING...ROTATE INTO NW LOWER BY MIDDAY...THEN PUSH
SE-WARD DURING THE AFTERNOON. THE NAM IS FASTER TO ORGANIZE THE COLD
CONVEYOR BELT THAN THE OTHER MODELS...AND IT/S POPS LOOK TOO HIGH.
HOWEVER...WILL STILL INCREASE POPS TO LIKELY IN THE SE THIRD OF THE
FORECAST AREA. MINIMAL POPS NEEDED IN CENTRAL/NORTHERN CHIPPEWA
CO...WHERE THE SUN SHOULD APPEAR BY MID/LATE AFTERNOON. (REST OF
EASTERN UPPER INTO NW LOWER SHOULD BREAK OUT OF CLOUDS TOWARD EARLY
EVENING.)

MAX TEMPS WILL RANGE FROM THE UPPER 50S TO NEAR 70F...MOSTLY IN THE
MORNING. PM HOURS WILL BE SOMEWHAT BLUSTERY WITH STEADY TO FALLING
TEMPS.

SUN NIGHT/MONDAY...CLEARING WILL PROCEED APACE INTO N CENTRAL AND NE
LOWER MI SUNDAY EVENING. MAINLY CLEAR OVERNIGHT. PRESSURE GRADIENT
WILL RELAX SOMEWHAT...SUCH THAT PROTECTED INTERIOR LOCALES WILL NO
DIFFICULTY DECOUPLING...WHILE COASTAL SITES MAINTAIN A NORTH BREEZE.
MIN TEMPS WILL THUS VARY CONSIDERABLY...FROM LOW/MID 40S IN SOME
COASTAL LOCALES...TO AROUND 30F IN THE COLDEST INTERIOR LOCALES (PLN
A PRIME CANDIDATE). FROST REMAINS A THREAT IN THE LATTER PLACES...
AND WILL CONTINUE TO BE HIGHLIGHTED IN THE HWO. MONDAY COULD SEE
SOME MID/HIGH CLOUDS IN NORTHERN SECTIONS...AS THE PRESSURE
GRADIENT/WARM ADVECTION INCREASES BETWEEN HIGH PRESSURE IN THE OHIO
VALLEY AND A COLD FRONT SAGGING ACROSS FAR NORTHERN ONTARIO. THAT
WON/T BE ENOUGH TO PREVENT A PARTLY TO MOSTLY SUNNY DAY. AFTER A
COOL START...MAX TEMPS WILL REBOUND INTO THE UPPER 50S TO MID 60S.

REST OF THE FORECAST...VERY QUIET TUE/WED AS A SHORTWAVE RIDGE
BUILDS INTO THE CENTRAL LAKES. WITH LOW LEVEL WARM ADVECTION
UNDERWAY AS HIGH PRESSURE SLIPS TO THE EAST COAST...MAX TEMPS WILL
TAKE A RUN AT 70F IN PARTS OF NORTHERN LOWER. SUBSTANTIAL
DISAGREEMENT AS TO HOW PROGRESSIVE THE UPPER FLOW WILL BE AFTER
THIS. GFS/GEM ARE BOTH INCLINED TO CUT OFF THE NEXT PIECE OF
ENERGY...LEAVING IT BACK IN THE CENTRAL PLAINS. THE ECMWF DOES BRING
A DEAMPLIFYING TROF OVERHEAD THU AFTERNOON. EVEN IN THIS LATTER
SCENARIO...WE ARE RATHER STARVED FOR MOISTURE...AND AM COMFORTABLE
WITH A DRY FORECAST. REGARDLESS...ALL MODELS ARE INCLINED TO CLOSE
OFF A 500MB HIGH OVER THE CENTRAL/EASTERN LAKES LATE IN THE
WEEK...RESULTING IN DRY AND EVEN WARMER WX BY FRIDAY.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 00Z TAFS THROUGH 00Z SATURDAY EVENING)
ISSUED AT 1145 PM EDT FRI SEP 19 2014

OVERALL CONDITIONS WILL REMAIN VFR OVERNIGHT DESPITE INCREASING
CLOUDS AND CHANCES OF SHOWERS. THUNDERSTORMS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE...
BUT THE CHANCE IS TOO SMALL TO INCLUDE IN THE TAF FOR NOW. CIGS
WILL LOWER TO MVFR ON SATURDAY WITH NMRS SHOWERS AND SCT
THUNDERSTORMS EXPECTED THRU MUCH OF THE DAY. LLWS WILL CONTINUE AT
ALL TAF SITES OVERNIGHT INTO EARLY MORNING.

&&

.MARINE...
ISSUED AT 247 AM EDT SAT SEP 20 2014

GUSTY SOUTHWEST WINDS VIA STRONG LOW LEVEL JET
SUPPORT/APPROACHING COLD FRONT EXPECTED TO SLOWLY SUBSIDE HEADING
THROUGH LATER THIS MORNING AND AFTERNOON...ESPECIALLY ACROSS CURRENT
GALE AREAS OF NORTHERN LAKE MICHIGAN. INHERITED GALES END AT
12Z...AND WILL SIMPLY LET THEM RUN THEIR COURSE. PLETHORA OF SCA/S
ELSEWHERE THROUGH TODAY. WINDS REALLY SUBSIDE TONIGHT AS THEY VEER
WEST TO NORTHWEST...ENDING ALL HEADLINES. BREAK LIKELY TO BE
SHORT-LIVED...WITH GUSTY NORTHWEST WINDS DEVELOPING ONCE AGAIN
SUNDAY...LIKELY NECESSITATING THE NEED FOR ADDITIONAL SCA/S FOR AT
LEAST SOME OF THE BIG WATERS.

&&

.APX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MI...NONE.
LH...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 8 PM EDT THIS EVENING FOR LHZ348-349.
LM...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 8 PM EDT THIS EVENING FOR LMZ323-341-
     342.
     GALE WARNING UNTIL 8 AM EDT THIS MORNING FOR LMZ344>346.
LS...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 8 AM EDT THIS MORNING FOR LSZ321.

&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...JZ
SHORT TERM...MSB
LONG TERM...JZ
AVIATION...MR
MARINE...MSB






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