Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Gaylord, MI

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FXUS63 KAPX 211855

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Gaylord MI
255 PM EDT Fri Jul 21 2017

.NEAR TERM...(Tonight through Saturday)
Issued at 255 PM EDT Fri Jul 21 2017

...Small chances of thunder late tonight into Saturday...

High Impact Weather Potential...

Pattern Synopsis/Forecast...Narrow ridge of high pressure still
extends from Western Ontario thru Michigan this afternoon. Low
pressure continues to develop over the Northern Plains...with an
associated warm front extending from the low thru Iowa southeastward
into the Ohio Valley. Area of convection continues to fire just
ahead of the surface low and north of the warm front...with
additional convection moving thru West Virginia. Back in Michigan...
mid/upper level clouds from upstream convection are spreading from
west to east into our area as the warm front slowly lifts toward the
Western Great Lakes region.

As we head into tonight...latest NAM continues to trend slowly
southward with the instability gradient and higher 850 mb theta E
ridging...keeping best path for upstream convective propagation
south and west of our CWA thru the SW half of Wisconsin into into
Southern Lake Michigan and SW Lower Michigan. Certainly do not think
this will keep our CWA high and dry by any means...and have keeps
increasing POPs in the forecast for tonight into Saturday. Highest
POPs and chances of thunder will be across the SW half of our
CWA...tapering to chance across our NE CWA. Latest SPC Day 1 Outlook
has our entire CWA in general thunder...and think this is very

With increasing clouds and continued WAA...low temps will only cool
into the 60s tonight. Temps will be a bit cooler tomorrow given
additional cloud cover...with high temps warming into the upper 70s
to around 80 degrees.


.SHORT TERM...(Saturday night through Monday)
Issued at 255 PM EDT Fri Jul 21 2017

...Showers and storms possible at times through Sunday evening...

High Impact Weather Potential...Thunderstorms possible Sunday

Pattern Synopsis/Forecast...Digging upper shortwave trough will drop
into the Upper Great Lakes region through Sunday until a building
upstream ridge nudges it eastward on Monday. Meanwhile a weakly
organized surface low will meander from the southwest corner of
Ontario to western New York by Monday morning as a strong surface
high and drier air settle into the Upper Midwest, ending the rain

Primary Forecast Concerns...Extent of showers Saturday night into
Sunday and storm potential Sunday afternoon will be the main
forecast challenges. The 21.12Z GFS develops a deeper
shortwave/cutoff low with less southward extent than other synoptic
models. Hard to go with the outlier given other models` good
consensus, but the GFS may have the right idea in terms of a slower
system given the ridge strengthening upstream and the 21.12Z ECMWF
just came in with a similar solution. At any rate, forcing looks to
gradually ramp up Saturday night into Sunday as this system moves
into northern MI. Plenty of moisture available with forecast
soundings getting close to saturation in the low levels Saturday
night into early Sunday. That will limit instability, however, as
low level lapse rates will be rather weak. Thus, expecting mainly
just scattered showers into Sunday morning. As the surface low
migrates across northern Lower during the day Sunday, it will likely
pull a plume of higher theta-e air northward into the area, leading
to somewhat better diurnal instability. This will allow for a chance
of thunderstorms during the afternoon and evening hours. Shear will
be pretty weak in vicinity of the surface low, but wouldn`t
completely rule out the possibility for a marginally severe storm
mainly across our southern counties where instability will be
relatively higher.

High pressure and drier air building in from the west Sunday night
will bring an end to any lingering rain activity by late evening.
Cool northerly flow will lead to highs in the low to mid 70s on


.LONG TERM...(Monday night through Friday)
Issued at 255 PM EDT Fri Jul 21 2017

Long range guidance is in good agreement with the extended period
beginning with surface high pressure over the Great Lakes region
providing rain free and warm weather through Tuesday evening.
Tuesday night thru Wednesday night will see a return of rain/thunder
as a cold front associated with a low pressure system over James Bay
sweeps through the forecast area. High pressure then builds back
into the area behind the departing system, returning partly cloudy
skies and rain free weather through Friday. Daytime highs will be in
the upper 70s to low 80s, while lows will dip down into the mid to
upper 50s.


.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Saturday afternoon)
Issued at 100 PM EDT Fri Jul 21 2017

VFR conditions will continue thru the TAF forecast period despite
increasing/thickening/lowering cloud cover over the next 24 hours.
Chances of precip will increase as well ahead of low pressure
developing over the Northern Plains. Thunder is possible late
tonight into Saturday...but will handle with VCTS for MBL and TVC
for now. Winds will remain mostly light/variable.


Issued at 255 PM EDT Fri Jul 21 2017

Winds and waves will remain below SCA criteria through the weekend.
Chances of shower and storms will increase for much of our tonight
ahead of low pressure developing over the Northern Plains. Chances
of precip will remain in the forecast thru the weekend as this low
tracks east through the Great Lakes.




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