Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Central Illinois

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338
FXUS63 KILX 142317
AFDILX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Lincoln IL
517 PM CST Sat Jan 14 2017

.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Sunday)
ISSUED AT 300 PM CST Sat Jan 14 2017

Batch of light freezing rain exited east of east central IL early
this afternoon with a weak short wave. Though low stratus clouds
with bases of 500-1500 ft and a light fog from IL river southeast
could have patchy freezing drizzle with surface temps of 28-32F over
central IL at mid afternoon. Just patchy drizzle over southeast IL
along and southeast of I-70 where temperatures were 34-38F. 1035 mb
canadian high pressure was over eastern SD and ridging into the
Midwest and light nw winds trying to bring in drier air. Dewpoints
range from upper teens to mid 20s nw of the IL river, to the mid 30s
in southeast IL. Added patchy fog to southeast IL tonight and into
central IL as well overnight as temps cool toward dewpoints and
winds remain light with abundant low level moisture from recent
precipitation.

The second round of wintry precipitation will arrive across SW IL
including far SW CWA sw of Springfield and Lawrenceville late
tonight, and over rest of the CWA during the day Sunday, likely not
reaching the northern CWA until during Sunday afternoon. Cooler lows
overnight range from lower 20s nw of IL river, to the upper 20s to
near 30F in southeast IL. The latest forecast models continue slower
spreading qpf into central IL and cooler temperature profile trends.
850 mb temps are forecast to be zero to plus 2C over northeast CWA
on Sunday and may see more of a mix of light snow and sleet
especially from I-74 ne before changing to light freezing rain after
sunset Sunday. Surface temperatures rise to similar readings as
today, with lower 30s over IL river valley, and upper 30s in
southeast IL where mix pcpn Sunday morning turns to all rain Sunday
afternoon.

The freezing rain advisory for Fulton, Tazewell and McLean counties
will be cancelled as well as for Clark, Jasper, Richland, Lawrence
and Crawford in southeast IL where temps are above freezing thru
this evening. The Winter Storm Watch for northern CWA will be
converted to a Winter Weather Advisory Sunday night and Monday
morning and include areas from Fulton, Tazewell and McLean counties
north. Will continue the Freezing Rain Advisory for rest of CWA
through noon Sunday for light ice accumulations up to a tenth of an
inch or less, highest amounts in sw CWA where highest pops are by
Sunday morning.

.LONG TERM...(Sunday night through Saturday)
ISSUED AT 300 PM CST Sat Jan 14 2017

Precipitation expected to push northward Sunday night as increasing
southerly flow develops ahead of a low approaching via the southern
Plains, currently moving into northern Mexico. Southeasterly winds
at the surface will allow temperatures to start an increasing trend,
but still expecting freezing temperatures for at least portions of
the night from I-70 northward causing continued potential for
freezing rain as well as a mix of sleet and snow. Temperatures will
rise above freezing by about mid morning in the vicinity of I-74
then temperatures should remain above freezing for at least the next
day...until Tuesday night. Planning on issuing a winter weather
advisory from Sunday evening through Monday morning from Fulton to
Mclean county northward for the mix of ice, sleet, and snow.

With the strong low approaching the northwest corner of Illinois by
Monday night...increased chances for rain will also develop along
with the increased temperatures...with amounts around 1/2 to 3/4
inch likely from Monday morning to noon Tuesday. MUCAPE values in
the 200 J/kg range associated with the warm sector southeast of the
low imply thunderstorms possible so have included slight chance of
thunderstorms starting Monday afternoon southwest of Springfield,
then across central IL Monday evening...then shrinking down to I-70
southward Monday night.

Only a brief pocket of cooler air will affect central IL Tuesday
night through Wednesday night with lows in the upper 20s to mid 30s
and highs in the 40s followed by warm advection ahead of the next
low pressure system. Highs thursday through Saturday should increase
into the 50s. After dry weather midweek...there is a chance for rain
by Friday, although model inconsistencies this far out imply low
predictability.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Sunday evening)
Issued at 510 PM CST Sat Jan 14 2017

Drier air continues to slowly work its way south into our area in
the wake of the weather system that brought the freezing rain to
the forecast area this morning and early this afternoon. As a
result, we have seen cigs improve to VFR at PIA with mainly
MVFR cigs at the other TAF sites. RAP forecast soundings suggest
improving conditions from north to south late this evening where
we may see a temporary VFR cig further south at SPI, DEC, and CMI.
Low level moisture will remain in place so if we do clear out for
a time later tonight, we may see vsbys come down to MVFR in fog
during the early morning hours. The next weather system will
start to approach SPI by 11z-14z with another round of -FZRA
possible during the morning hours along with cigs lowering to IFR.
Winds are going to remain light through the forecast period,
mainly from the north tonight around 5 kts and winds will shift
into an easterly direction on Sunday with speeds again around 5
kts.

&&

.ILX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
Freezing Rain Advisory until noon CST Sunday for ILZ040>057-061-
062-066-071.

Winter Weather Advisory from 6 PM Sunday to noon CST Monday for
ILZ027>031-036>038.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...07
LONG TERM...37
AVIATION...Smith



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