Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Central Illinois

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FXUS63 KILX 231219

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Lincoln IL
719 AM CDT Wed Jul 23 2014

ISSUED 240 AM CDT Wed Jul 23 2014

Initial wind shift with the cold front has reached roughly along
the I-55 corridor as of 2 am, although the drier conditions lag
behind a bit with dew points still in the lower 70s northwest past
Galesburg. A warm atmosphere, with 700 mb temperatures near 13C on
on our evening sounding, and the extended effects of a strong 600
dm 500 mb high over Colorado, have largely kept the air capped
over our area. What storms managed to form didn`t do much before
fizzling. However, a more pronounced line of storms has formed
over northern Indiana and northeast Illinois, ahead of the upper
level shortwave. This line will be clipping out far northeast CWA
before sunrise.

The main forecast challenges for this package involves nocturnal
convective chances Thursday night and again Friday night.

SHORT TERM...Today through Saturday:

The front will likely be along the I-70 corridor around sunrise,
but may take much of the morning to fully clear the area. Latest
HRRR and SPC 4km WRF showing some convection redeveloping
immediately along the boundary beginning around 9 am and moving
across the southeast CWA the remainder of the morning, so will
maintain some 30-40% PoP`s in that area through noon. The
remainder of the forecast area will see north-northeast winds
spreading less humid conditions over the area. Highs across the
northeast counties will likely struggle to reach 80 degrees as the
cooler air is advected in.

Main core of the cooler air arrives tonight as 850 mb temperatures
drop to around 11C. Lows of 50-55 expected over the entire
forecast area. Currently looks like these will fall a couple
degrees shy of records in most areas. Pleasant temperatures to
continue through Thursday night.

Upper low currently off the Pacific Northwest will be tracking
northeast into the southern Canadian prairies through Thursday
night, suppressing the high in more of a west-east configuration
across the southern states. Increasing low level jet across Iowa
expected to form an MCS there Thursday evening, tracking southeast
along the 850 mb thermal gradient. The ECMWF is most progressive
with bringing the leading edge all the way to Champaign by
sunrise, but general model consensus has it still just northwest
of the Illinois River by then. Have added some 30% PoP`s for late
Thursday night in the far northwest CWA, and added PoP`s across
much of the north half of the forecast area for Friday as the
remnants of the MCS pass. Another MCS expected to form a bit
further east Friday evening over Illinois, although the NAM is
completely dry by that point. Have not made much change to the
PoP`s for Friday night and Saturday, although the highest chances
may need to be shifted a bit further east in later forecasts.

LONG TERM...Sunday through Tuesday:

The closed upper low is expected to open up into a wave over the
weekend, as the high rebuilds along and west of the Rockies. A
rather pronounced broad upper trough will prevail a good portion
of next week, with another round of cooler air similar to what
we`ll be seeing over the next 36 hours. Showers and some
thunderstorms will be possible Sunday as the wave moves overhead,
with chances after that minimal and mainly during afternoon



ISSUED 710 AM CDT Wed Jul 23 2014

VFR conditions have returned after some IFR/MVFR low clouds
lingered behind the departing cold front. Gusty NE winds increased
behind the front as well, with sustained 12-15kt and gusts in the
20-24kt range. Those winds will likely continue for the morning as
pressure rises remain high. Some decrease in wind gusts should
develop this afternoon as surface high pressure advances farther
into IL.

Clear skies and light northeast winds should prevail after sunset
today, under the high pressure. MVFR fog chances should remain
low, as dewpoints continue to drop over the next 24 hours.



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