Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Central Illinois

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FXUS63 KILX 261857

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Lincoln IL
157 PM CDT Sat Jul 26 2014

ISSUED 150 PM CDT Sat Jul 26 2014

ILX Local objective analysis as of 18z indicating the cap holding
strong across our northern forecast area where the frontal boundary
has slipped south of early this afternoon. Further south, we have
seen the cap weaken with Mixed Layer Cins down to around 100 along
the I70 corridor with Mixed Layer Capes were up to 3800 j/kg over
far west central IL where temps have climbed into the upper 80s
with dew points in the mid to upper 70s. 18z sounding from ILX and
DVN showing some moisture around 2500-3000 feet with a dry layer
from 850 to 500 mb and the cap holding strong at both locations.

SHORT TERM...Tonight through Tuesday

Storm coverage tonight the main forecast issue as all models weaken
the cap significantly this evening as the main upper level energy
starts to push into the region accompanied by cooling temperatures
aloft. HRRR and WRF-HOP ensembles were indicating the main convection
would be tracking across northern Missouri and into central to southeast
Illinois late this afternoon and evening, along the differential heating
boundary set up by the lower cloud cover. Further south, nothing but
sunshine and temps in the low to mid 90s, so quite a contrast across
central thru southeast Illinois which many times these storms tend to
propagate through. If the cap is breached there is plenty of CAPE and
Shear to interact with this evening with a fast moving QLCS still looking
more likely at least over our southern half of the forecast this evening.
Damaging winds and large hail will be the primary threats but enough
low level shear prevalent, especially near the boundary across our
northern counties, that a tornado could develop with a persistent
rotating updraft. Some of the storms could start to back-build later
this evening as the low level jet starts to back more into a southwest
to west direction increasing the threat for locally heavy rainfall.

Storms should start to edge out of our forecast area Sunday morning
as the front settles to our southeast by afternoon. Will still keep
low chance pops going, especially across the east but some fairly
decent dry air will be advecting in on a gusty west to northwest
wind during the afternoon. Cooler and much less humid air will filter
southeast into our area Monday and Tuesday as an unseasonably deep
trof settles in north of the Great Lakes.

LONG TERM...Wednesday through Saturday

The deep h5 trof will be the main weather story for much of this
period bringing rather cool temperatures for the first few days of
August, although latest guidance was not quite as cool as previous
runs as we see daytime highs edge back to or just above 80 degrees
starting on Wednesday. Rain chances remain a challenge as models
diverge with respect to timing of individual shortwaves that drop
southeast into the region bringing mainly diurnally driven shower
and thunderstorm chances, especially on Friday and Saturday.


ISSUED 1259 PM CDT Sat Jul 26 2014

Main concern with forecast is timing of thunderstorms that
potentially could be strong to severe late this afternoon into
mid evening. Leaned on the HRRR model for timing of convection
which appears to have a good handle on convection over MO. Have
22-24Z timing for western TAF sites of PIA and SPI, 23-01Z for DEC
and BMI and 00-02Z for CMI. Kept strong wind gusts of 35-40 kts
with thunderstorms and vsbys 1-3 miles with heavy rains and MVFR
ceilings. Convection currently moving east into central/nw MO.
Frontal boundary over nw IL nw of the IL river could develop
convection sooner this afternoon at PIA so will monitor this.
Otherwise frontal boundary to push se through central IL into this
evening with sw winds of 7-12 kts and few higher gusts turn WSW
this evening and lighten up to 4-7 kts and veern WNW and increase
to 10-15 kts Sunday morning with gusts 15-20 kts after 15Z/10 am.



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