Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Paducah, KY

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FXUS63 KPAH 100844
AFDPAH

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Paducah KY
344 AM CDT Tue Oct 10 2017

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Thursday night)
Issued at 330 AM CDT Tue Oct 10 2017

The primary near concern continues to be the potential for showers
and thunderstorms through this evening, including a small chance
of severe storms this afternoon and early this evening. Generally
good model agreement lends relatively high confidence to the
forecast through the near term.

A strong shortwave trough over the Central Plains is forecast to
become negatively tilted but weaken as it moves northeast into
the Great Lakes region by Wednesday. At the surface, low pressure
will track across the Ozarks into the middle Mississippi Valley
this afternoon and the Ohio Valley tonight. This will result in
the likelihood of showers and some thunderstorms through this
evening. The initial activity, tied to low level convergence
along and ahead of the warm front, will continue mainly east of
the Mississippi River this morning. The next round in the form of
a broken line of showers and thunderstorms will be tied to the
passage of the low and its attendant cold front this afternoon
into this evening.

SPC continues to highlight much of the forecast area in a marginal
risk for severe weather this afternoon into early this evening.
Despite abundant sky cover during the morning, forecast models
develop at least some breaks in the cloud cover this afternoon.
This should aid in destabilization with forecast MLCAPE values of
500-1500 J/kg by mid afternoon. Increasing mid level flow will
also yield 0-6 km shear of 40 to 50 knots during this time. This
combination of instability and shear should result in thunderstorm
updrafts with at least some organization by mid afternoon along
and just ahead of the cold front. One limiting factor to updraft
strength will be relatively warm air aloft with forecast mid
level lapse rates of 5.5-6.0 C/km.

The primary concern with any strong to severe storm activity
appears to be damaging winds, with some limited hail potential in
association with the strongest updrafts. While a brief tornado
cannot be ruled out, it seems unlikely given the relatively weak
low level helicity forecast. As for timing, CAM models suggest
activity should develop over southeast Missouri and southwest
Illinois by mid afternoon, then shift east into southern Illinois
and far western Kentucky by sunset. As instability wanes with the
loss of daytime heating, storms should rapidly weaken during the
early evening as they shift into the eastern half of the area.
Most of the activity should be east of the area by midnight or
shortly thereafter.

In the wake of the cold frontal passage, high pressure will take
hold through the remainder of the week. An upper level ridge over
the Deep South will begin to expand northward into the middle
Mississippi Valley by Thursday. This should result in dry weather
through the period. While a brief cooldown is expected Wednesday,
a warming trend should begin on Thursday as winds turn southerly
on the back side of departing surface high pressure.

.LONG TERM...(Friday through Monday)
Issued at 330 AM CDT Tue Oct 10 2017

Forecast confidence in this period is high. The 00Z runs of the
medium range models continue to be in reasonable agreement in the
synoptic evolution, but there remain some timing details with
respect to a cold frontal passage and associated convective
potential.

High pressure aloft will continue to dominate our region Friday and
Saturday, and as surface high pressure builds east of the area,
southerly winds will return to the entire region Friday and may
become gusty on Saturday. This will lead to a warm up to well above
normal levels with highs around 80 Friday and well into the 80s for
Saturday.

For the second half of the weekend, a mid/upper-level short wave
trough will push eastward from the northern Rockies/Plains into the
western Great Lakes Saturday night into Sunday. The associated cold
front will move through the region sometime Sunday into Sunday
evening. The ECMWF, GFS, and GEM are not in agreement in the general
character of the short wave trough and that results in differences
in frontal timing and convective potential. In general, the weaker
the short wave, the faster and drier the cold frontal passage.

For now we will focus a chance of showers and thunderstorms moving
east across the area mainly Sunday afternoon and evening. The GFS
has negative Lifted and Showalter Indices all along and ahead of the
front, so mentioned thunderstorms throughout.

Behind the front, temperatures will plummet to near normal levels
with highs only in the lower 70s for Monday and Tuesday. That will
feel quite cool after our prolonged period of well above normal
warmth.

&&

.AVIATION...
Issued at 1135 PM CDT Mon Oct 9 2017

The chance of showers and a few thunderstorms will continue
overnight, best chances east of a KPOF-KMDH line. MVFR conditions
possible. However, not seeing much evidence via Satellite and
trends of low cloud and fog development. We backed off this notion
for the overnight. There should be a lull, followed by an
afternoon and evening chance of convection. Winds in general will
be light SE, but may be gusty around storms.

&&

.PAH WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
IL...None.
MO...None.
IN...None.
KY...None.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...RJP
LONG TERM...DRS



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