Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Kansas City/Pleasant Hill, MO

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FXUS63 KEAX 282012

National Weather Service Kansas City/Pleasant Hill MO
312 PM CDT Wed Jun 28 2017

Issued at 310 PM CDT WED JUN 28 2017

Deepening surface trough over the western High Plains has made for a
tight surface pressure gradient over the Central Plains and the Mid-
Lower Missouri River Valley. Gusty southerly winds have responded
through the day to the tightening gradient and have persisted in the
20 to 30 mph range, with gusts approaching 40 mph. This has caused a
nice moistening of the lower atmosphere over northern Missouri and
southern Iowa, and primed the area for robust convective development
later this evening, likely in the next hour or two. Visible
satellite imagery indicates some agitated and deepening cumulus in
the vicinity of a subtle boundary characterized by surface wind
shift of around 20-30 degrees in southern Iowa and northern
Missouri. Hi-res models indicate scattered to numerous thunderstorms
oriented SW to NE through northern Missouri and southern/central
Iowa later this afternoon and this evening. Despite surface winds
being a bit veered (south/southwest) good veering-with-height
through 500 mb where flow is out of the west/northwest around 50 kts
is creating a wind profile conducive to high shear. The
aforementioned warm/moist surface, beneath fairly steep low/mid
level lapse rates is yielding ML CAPE values in the 3000 to 3500
J/kg range. Deep layer shear values approaching 40 kts across the
area will combine with the high instability to bring an environment
conducive to supercellular development. Initial development should
be semi-discrete, but due to storm coverage, interference could
diminish tornado concerns and on a larger scale perhaps the overall
organization of any storm that forms. Expect upgrowth to a MCS,
which will bring more of a wind threat and heavy rain threat to
northern Missouri. In the meantime, with semi-discrete convection
all hazards would be possible with large hail and strong winds being
the primary concerns. One thing to consider with this event would be
the potential for some mesovortex tornadoes after sunset across the
area. Significant Tornado Parameter will max out in the 3 to 5
range, and that`s being driven by 0-1 SRH values remaining in the
200 to 300 m2/s2 range after dark. Even with upscale growth there
will still be ample low level shear to produce an embedded tornado
or two within the MCS activity.

By Friday morning the bulk of the activity will be off to the east,
but another round of thunderstorms will be possible later in the
morning hours as a shortwave trough glides through the area. These
morning showers should be subsevere, but an isolated severe
hailstone could form with this activity. That will then set the
stage for another round of severe thunderstorms on Friday, generally
along a boundary which will set up in northeast Kansas and southeast
Nebraska. Once again, given good instability and shear parameters on
Thursday afternoon severe storms should form in the afternoon with
all hazards possible once again, mainly large hail and damaging
winds. These storms should be a little further south than the round
on Wednesday, which will put the KC Metro area in play for some of
the stronger storms. The best chance for widespread severe storms
will be late in the evening and overnight Thursday once the cold
front pushes through the area. Expect this activity to be more of a
wind and hydro threat to the KC Metro and areas of Missouri south of
the Missouri River through early Friday morning.

The early part of the weekend should be fairly calm and cooler, or
at least drier as the area comes under the influence of the surface
ridge that noses in Friday night. Through the rest of the weekend
and into early next week there will be off-and-on chances for
showers and thunderstorms across the area as the mid level flow
remains zonal and active and the lower levels reload with warm and
moist air. By mid week large scale ridging will dominate the
upstream region, which will cause temperatures to be on the increase
through mid week.


.Aviation...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Thursday Afternoon)
Issued at 1219 PM CDT WED JUN 28 2017

Gusty winds will continue through the day before gradually
tapering off through the evening hours. Some scattered
thunderstorms will form across northeast Kansas and northern
Missouri. These storms should remain well north of the
KMKC/KMCI/KIXD terminals, but could impact KSTJ in the 22z to 01z
time frame. Another round of thunderstorms is possible early to
mid morning on Thursday. This round would be more likely to impact
the terminals, but confidence in timing/location is still on the
low to medium side.




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