Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS St. Louis, MO

Home | Current Version | Previous Version | Graphics & Text | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
FXUS63 KLSX 251203

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Saint Louis MO
703 AM CDT Tue Apr 25 2017

.SHORT TERM...  (Through Late Wednesday Afternoon)
Issued at 702 AM CDT Tue Apr 25 2017

A windy and warm day is in store for the region as a storm system
dvlps across the cntrl/shtrn Plains today. A stiff sthrly breeze
will pump a warm and moist air mass into the area thru the day.
There could be a narrow band of -SHRAs that sweep across cntrl/NE MO
this mrng but think best chances will be W of the FA. Bumped PoPs
up to 14s to account for this small chance. Better forcing moves in
from the W tonight as the upper trof approaches. This will cause low
pressure to move from the strhn Plains to the Midwest with precip
overspreading cntrl/NE MO prior to daybreak.


.LONG TERM...  (Wednesday Night through Next Tuesday)
Issued at 702 AM CDT Tue Apr 25 2017

Still looks like this will be an active timeframe for weather with a
couple chances for strong to severe thunderstorms and still the
potential for widespread 2-5+ inches of rainfall.

Showers and thunderstorms will likely already be expanding eastward
across the CWA on Wednesday morning.  This will be in response to
the strong low level moisture convergence underneath the strong mid-
upper level ascent ahead of the mid level trough that will become
negatively tilted during the afternoon and evening.  While the
extent of the morning precipitation and clouds may limit the over
instability, there still should be enough cooling aloft and forcing
combined with 50+kts of deep layer shear for at least a few strong
to severe thunderstorms.  With low level vectors lining up deep
shear vectors, may see a line of storms develop later in the day
with the possibility for all hazards of severe weather.  Could also
see some training that could produce some locally heavy rainfall.
The rain will exit the area by late Wednesday night and early
Thursday as the upper trough quickly exits the area.

There will then be some brief dry time as a shortwave ridge axis
moves across Missouri and Illinois Thursday afternoon into Thursday
night. Then there will be an increase in showers and thunderstorms
as early as late Thursday night and Friday as a shortwave trough
moves across the Midwest.  The showers and thunderstorms will become
more widespread by Friday night and Saturday as the GFS/ECMWF are
showing the upper pattern becoming more amplified as the
southwestern CONUS upper low moves into the central Plains.  This
will cause the warm front to move north into Missouri and Illinois
by Friday night, with the GFS showing the warm front moving farther
north by Saturday afternoon than ECMWF.   Both models show the warm
sector moving into the CWA late Saturday into Saturday night with a
cold front moving across the CWA by early Sunday morning.  There
will the potential for heavy rainfall over the area from Friday
night into Saturday night given PWATs of 1.5+" and deep warm cloud
layer heights.  In addition, marginal instability and deep shear
parameters still suggest the potential for a few more severe storms
over the weekend.  Upper low will move east by next Monday leading
to dry weather.

Still looks like temperatures will vary through early next week
depending on what side of the front we are on, and if we have
precipitation or not.  It still looks like we will climb well into
the 70s ahead of the front tomorrow given 850mb temperatures near
15C, but then fall back into the 60s on Thursday.  Temperatures will
climb back into the 70s again on Friday and Saturday, but cool back
down on Sunday and Monday behind the next front.



.AVIATION...  (For the 06z TAFs through 06z Tuesday Night)
Issued at 1224 AM CDT Tue Apr 25 2017

VFR for at least the first 0-12 hours. The exception may be at
KCOU where scattered showers may develop towards sunrise. Winds
will remain southeasterly and increase in speed due to the
tightening pressure gradient ahead of a developing low pressure
system. Expect wind gusts of 20-30 kts after 15z and especially
after 18z. Gusts should diminish after 26/00z but wind speeds will
likely remain AOA 10 kts. MVFR ceilings and SHRA/TSRA are
possible towards the end of the valid TAF period.





WFO LSX is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.