Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Amarillo, TX

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FXUS64 KAMA 231017

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Amarillo TX
517 AM CDT Thu Mar 23 2017

Fairly active pattern setting up across the southern Plains in the
short term. Main focus will be strong to severe storms later this
evening along a diffuse dryline, fire weather west of the dryline
and strong northwest winds on Friday.

Current 0900z upper level analysis reveals a strengthening trough
of low pressure advancing towards the southern Rockies. A strong
~100kt mid-level jet is rounding the base of the trough and
beginning to provide enhanced return flow over the southern
Plains. The resulting southeasterly winds at the surface are
pulling in low to mid 50s dew points as far west as Hereford to
Guymon. As the upper trough becomes a closed low over the Rockies,
surface cyclogenesis will occur rapidly in eastern CO. This will
result in a sharp increase in the pressure gradient field across
the Panhandles and current model guidance suggest winds strong
enough to warrant a Wind Advisory for the Texas Panhandle. This is
also due to the very strong 850-700mb jet set up across the area
during the afternoon into the evening hours. As the surface low
ejects out into the Plains of KS during the late afternoon,
increased convergence along the dryline located roughly along a
line from just west of Guymon to just west of Amarillo will lead
to the development of thunderstorms as the cap erodes. While the
thermodynamic environment and low level moisture will be somewhat
limiting for severe storms, wind shear will be very supportive
with the strong low and mid level jets in place. 0-6KM bulk shear
values over 50 knots is expected along with a narrow corridor of
1000-1500 MLCAPE where mid-level lapse rates will be maximized.
This should be sufficient for scattered storms with quarter to
half dollar size hail and 60 to 70 mph winds. An LP supercell is
not out of the question as storms will be somewhat discrete
initially. Tornado development seems unlikely given the high-
based nature of these storms (LCL height around 1500m) and mostly
speed shear early-on, however, any storm that can remain discrete
into the evening hours when the low level jet strengthens may have
some potential for a weak/brief tornado as low level shear
becomes more directional and LCL heights decrease with increased
moisture convergence. Otherwise, expect dominant storm mode to be
more linear as they progress east across the Panhandles. Storms
should be exiting the Panhandle by around 06z Friday as the
surface low pushes southeast towards the OK Panhandle.

Going into Friday morning, models are in fairly good agreement
that the surface low will move across the northeastern Panhandle
with very strong northwest winds coming in its wake. Went ahead
and went with a High Wind Watch for the entire Texas and Oklahoma
Panhandles as strong pressure gradient will be in place from mid
morning through early evening. 850mb winds are progged to be in
the 40-50 knot range, which GFS is very agressive with. Clouds are
also expected behind the front with showers and perhaps even an
isolated lightning strike across the Oklahoma Panhandle near the

Weak upper ridging will build into the area on Saturday ahead of
the next disturbance. This should lead to dry and warmer
conditions saturday along with much decreased winds.



For Sunday, another fast moving and weaker upper level shortwave
trof will track just north of the forecast area, with the primary
precipitation shield expected to remain north and east of our
forecast area. Held on to slgt chc pops for light rain showers for
the OK Panhandle since this area will be closest to the progged path
of this particular storm system. The associated surface cold front
will move through the region Sunday and Sunday evening. Models are
in decent agreement and were accepted.

Dry weather is then anticipated areawide for Monday and Monday night
as the OK and TX Panhandles will be between storm systems.

The next in the series of upper level storm systems is slated to
affect the southern high plains Tuesday into Thursday of next week.
Medium range models continue to be in disagreement in all aspects of
handling this storm system. Therefore, have decided to continue with
a model consensus approach during this time period with respect to
pops and temperatures pending better agreement among the numerical
weather prediction models.



Only fire weather concern for the short term will be today across
the far western Panhandle (west of the dryline). This will
largely depend on how far west the dryline is able to make it and
where rain producing thunderstorms are able to form. Current
forecast suggest the far western TX/OK counties will remain dry
with RH values dropping into the 12-15 percent range west of the
dryline. This combined with 25-35 mph 20 foot winds has prompted
the issuance of a Red Flag Warning for these counties for this
afternoon. Also can`t rule out fire starts due to lightning in
areas that receive little to no rainfall, especially where fuel
loading is greatest and are still cured.


Elevated fire weather conditions will be possible on Sunday
afternoon across the western and south central Texas Panhandle due
to 20 foot northwest winds of 15 to 20 mph along with forecast
minimum relative humidity values between 15 and 20 percent.



Amarillo TX                82  45  58  36  73 /  20  80  10   0   0
Beaver OK                  86  48  61  34  70 /  10  70  30  10   0
Boise City OK              81  39  53  29  69 /  10  30  40  10   0
Borger TX                  85  45  61  37  74 /  20  80  10   5   0
Boys Ranch TX              85  43  61  33  75 /  30  40  10   0   0
Canyon TX                  83  44  61  36  74 /  30  80   5   0   0
Clarendon TX               83  48  64  38  74 /  20  60   5   0   0
Dalhart TX                 83  40  57  30  72 /  20  20  20   5   0
Guymon OK                  86  44  56  31  71 /  20  80  30  10   0
Hereford TX                82  43  61  35  74 /  20  60   5   0   0
Lipscomb TX                84  51  62  38  72 /  10  70  20  10   0
Pampa TX                   82  47  60  35  72 /  20  60  10   5   0
Shamrock TX                83  49  67  40  73 /  10  70   5   5   0
Wellington TX              84  48  70  39  75 /  10  70   5   5   0


.AMA Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
TX...Wind Advisory from 1 PM this afternoon to 8 PM CDT this evening
     for the following zones: Armstrong...Carson...
     Collingsworth...Dallam...Deaf Smith...Donley...Gray...

     High Wind Watch from Friday morning through Friday evening for
     the following zones: Armstrong...Carson...Collingsworth...
     Dallam...Deaf Smith...Donley...Gray...Hansford...Hartley...

     Red Flag Warning from 2 PM this afternoon to 7 PM CDT this
     evening for the following zones: Dallam...Deaf Smith...

OK...High Wind Watch from Friday morning through Friday evening for
     the following zones: Beaver...Cimarron...Texas.

     Red Flag Warning from 2 PM this afternoon to 7 PM CDT this
     evening for the following zones: Cimarron.



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