Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Buffalo, NY

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566
FXUS61 KBUF 262108
AFDBUF

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Buffalo NY
508 PM EDT Fri May 26 2017

.SYNOPSIS...
Low pressure will move slowly away from the region and into the
Canadian Maritimes, but will continue to support scattered showers,
drizzle, and fog tonight through Saturday morning. Conditions will
slowly improve later Saturday. High pressure will then bring dry and
much warmer weather Sunday before a cold front crosses the area
Sunday night with a good chance of showers and thunderstorms.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH SATURDAY/...
Radar imagery continues to show scattered light showers and a few
pockets of drizzle across in two separate areas this evening. Over
western NY showers are running along a corridor mainly between
Dunkirk and Lake Ontario southeast to the western Finger Lakes and
Greater Rochester region. This is associated with wrap around
moisture and an inverted trough rotating around the stacked low over
the Gulf of Maine. The other area of rain/showers if east of Lake
Ontario associated with deeper lift and moisture wrapping around the
stacked low.

Synoptically, the low over the Gulf of Maine will move into the
Canadian Maritimes through Saturday as a weak area of high pressure
moves into the Lower Great Lakes. A small but potent mid level
vorticity maxima and associated weak surface low will move through
the upper Ohio Valley tonight, and reach PA by Saturday morning.
This is showing up on regional radars at 5pm near Chicago. The GFS
continues to be an outlier with a farther north position of this
feature, and we continued to follow the farther south
NAM/ECMWF/HRRR/GEM based guidance. With this in mind, most of the
associated showers will remain south of the area Saturday morning,
except perhaps right near the PA state line.

The scattered showers will slowly diminish later this evening with
the loss of weak diurnal instability and the breakdown of the
supporting bands of convergence. Expect plenty of cloud cover to
remain into the evening with abundant low level moisture in place.
Low stratus will likely expand and lower even further from late
evening through the overnight. BUFKIT soundings show a wealth of
deepening low level moisture, and a strengthening inversion
overnight due to nocturnal cooling and weak mid level subsidence.
The combination of increasing moisture and a developing inversion
will support widespread low clouds, and also areas of fog and
drizzle overnight. The extensive cloud cover will keep temperatures
from dropping much despite the cool airmass, with lows in the lower
50s in most areas and upper 40s across the interior Southern Tier
and eastern Lake Ontario region.

Expect the fog, drizzle, and low clouds to last through Saturday
morning in most areas. This will then give way to slow and steady
improvement during the afternoon as the low moves into the Canadian
Maritimes and the broad/moist cyclonic circulation slowly fades
away. Expect the fog to dissipate by mid to late morning, with the
drizzle ending by midday. Clouds will be stubborn to clear across
the higher terrain well inland, but developing stable lake shadows
should aid in increasing amounts of sunshine by late afternoon on
the lake plains. Temperatures will remain on the cool side, with mid
to upper 60s for most.

&&

.SHORT TERM /SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH MONDAY NIGHT/...
Good news for those with outdoor plans this weekend, there continues
to be a slowing trend with the arrival of precipitation on Sunday.
Not only will this slowing trend keep much of the day Sunday dry
(until late afternoon/early evening), but will also allow
temperatures to close in on the 80 degree mark for the downslope
locations across the lake plains and Genesee Valley.

Looking at the large scale details, the upper-level low seen on WV
imagery over southeastern Alberta today will slowly meander eastward
to the upper Great Lakes during the day Sunday. Ahead of this low, a
warmer and more moist airmass will push northward across the
forecast area. 850 mb temperatures will surge to +11 to +14C, which
when combined with southeasterly flow ahead of the deepening surface
low, will bring downslope warming across the Lake Plains and Genesee
Valley. High temperatures will be solidly in the 70s Sunday, with a
few readings near the 80 degree mark in the downslope regions. Much
of the day should be dry before precipitation arrives from southwest
to northeast later Sunday afternoon and into Sunday evening. An axis
of instability will arrive with the better forcing, and so there
should be some embedded thunder in the area of showers. Overall,
timing of arrival during the overnight should limit the instability
and thus keep the storm strength in check. Temperatures will remain
fairly mild Sunday night with the warm advection and southerly
downslope flow ahead of the cold front, despite the areas of showers
and thunderstorm moving through. Lows will only bottom out in the
upper 50s to low 60s.

By Monday, the stacked low pressure system will be centered over
northern Lake Superior. Slightly cooler, yet still seasonable, air
will filter into the region behind the initial cold front, but the
occluded nature of the low will keep the colder air held up back
across the upper Great Lakes. 850 mb temps around +10 will keep
highs in the low to mid 70s. The increasing pressure gradient across
the lower Great lakes with the surface low over northern Lake
Superior will develop a synoptically aided southwesterly lake breeze
across the Niagara Frontier on Monday. Winds will peak in the
afternoon there with gusts of 35 to 40 mph. Additionally, the lake
breeze will act to keep the Niagara Frontier dry through the day,
while locations on either side of the lakes (southern Ontario and
the western Southern Tier to southern Tug Hill) will see showers and
thunderstorms develop during the afternoon with the steeper lapse
rates aloft under the cyclonic flow. The stout lake breeze will act
as a focus for any convection that develops. Would not rule out a
couple stronger pulse storms that get to near severe criteria given
the wind shear and limited instability, although most of the storms
should be garden variety. Continued breezy conditions overnight with
only minor cold advection (nearly neutral) will keep overnight lows
Monday night in the 50s.

&&

.LONG TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
A large upper level low will slowly move from the upper Great Lakes
to southeastern Canada during the middle portion of next week, with
its associated pool of cooler air filtering across our region. As a
result, temperatures will average slightly below normal during the
period, with daytime highs will be in the mid to upper 60s in most
areas, with lower 70s across the Genesee Valley and Finger
Lakes regions. Lows will average in the upper 40s to lower 50s.

Numerous shortwaves will be embedded in the cyclonic flow around the
upper level low. Although long range model guidance is in good
agreement with the upper low, timing these waves is difficult in
this timeframe. This will result in a prolonged period of mainly
chance PoPs, which will be greatest in the afternoon and early
evening hours due to diurnal heating, then diminish overnight. A
moderate southwesterly flow will likely result in lake shadowing
which will diminish chances downwind of the lakes.

Model consensus builds high pressure across the region on Friday,
which should finally bring dry weather to the region.

&&

.AVIATION /21Z FRIDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
Stacked low pressure will move slowly east out of the Gulf of Maine
and into the Canadian Maritimes through Saturday, but the broad
circulation will still hold influence across our area through
tonight and into Saturday. Scattered showers continue to shift
across KBUF/KIAG/KROC early this evening with KJHW and KART mainly
dry but cloudy.

A wealth of low level moisture will remain in place with widespread
low stratus tonight through the first half of Saturday. CIGS will be
mainly MVFR at lower elevations with areas of IFR higher terrain
into early this evening. By late evening and overnight low level
moisture deepens and the inversion strengthens, which should allow
for widespread IFR CIGS to develop. Low level winds will also be
light, which will likely allow for areas of fog, drizzle, and IFR
VSBY to develop as well. Conditions may approach airfield minimums
at times overnight into Saturday morning.

Expect slow improvement by late Saturday morning with fog and
drizzle dissipating and VSBY improving to MVFR/VFR by 18Z. CIGS will
remain IFR through much of the morning, with improvement to MVFR in
the afternoon.

Outlook...
Sunday...VFR.
Sunday night...Areas of MVFR with showers and thunderstorms likely.
Monday through Wednesday...MVFR/VFR with scattered to numerous
showers.

&&

.MARINE...
Low pressure over the Gulf of Maine this evening will exit tonight
and Saturday with weak high pressure then slowly building east
across the Lower Great Lakes over the next few days. Winds will
remain light through the weekend with winds generally 12 knots or
less and waves less than 2 feet through Sunday.

Low pressure will then move into northwest Ontario province Sunday
night and stall Monday through Wednesday. This will generate a
little more in the way of wind, with southwest winds increasing on
Lake Erie and Ontario through the period and generating some modest
wave action at the northeast end of both lakes.

&&

.BUF WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NY...None.
MARINE...None.

&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...HITCHCOCK
NEAR TERM...HITCHCOCK/SMITH
SHORT TERM...CHURCH
LONG TERM...APFFEL
AVIATION...HITCHCOCK/SMITH
MARINE...HITCHCOCK/SMITH



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