Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Buffalo, NY

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000
FXUS61 KBUF 051508
AFDBUF

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BUFFALO NY
1108 AM EDT SUN JUL 5 2015

.SYNOPSIS...
HIGH PRESSURE WILL CROSS THE EASTERN GREAT LAKES REGION
TODAY AND THEN WILL EXIT OFF THE NORTHEAST COASTLINE MONDAY. SOME
MOISTURE WILL RETURN NORTHWARD POSSIBLY FUELING A FEW SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS MONDAY AFTERNOON AND EVENING. A COLD FRONT WILL THEN
BRING ADDITIONAL SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS LATER TUESDAY THROUGH
EARLY WEDNESDAY.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...

A 1022MB SURFACE HIGH PRESSURE CENTERED OVER PENNSYLVANIA WILL
MAINTAIN SUNNY AND DRY WEATHER ALL DAY TODAY. WITH HIGH PRESSURE
AT THE SFC...BUILDING 500 MB HEIGHTS AND 850 MB TEMPERATURES
RISING FROM +12C TO +16 OVER THE COURSE OF THE NEXT 24 TO 36 HOURS
EXPECT AFTERNOON HIGH TEMPERATURES TO RISE SLIGHTLY TODAY AND PEAK
ON MONDAY. MOST LOCATIONS SHOULD EXPECT HIGHS IN THE LOWER 80S
ALONG THE LAKE PLANS WITH SLIGHTER COOLER CONDITIONS ACROSS THE
HIGH TERRAIN AND NEAR THE LAKE SHORES.

TONIGHT...HIGH PRESSURE WILL MAINTAIN DRY WEATHER ACROSS THE REGION.
THERE MAYBE A CONTINUED MILKY APPEARANCE TO THE SKY AS THE EFFECTS
OF WILDFIRE SMOKE CONTINUES TO FILTER ACROSS THE REGION FROM WESTERN
CANADA AND ALASKA. OVERNIGHT LOWS WILL DROP BACK INTO THE UPPER 50S
TO LOWER 60S FOR MOST LOCATIONS AND A VERY LIGHT SOUTHEASTERLY FLOW.

&&

.SHORT TERM /MONDAY THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT/...
HIGH PRESSURE WILL SLIDE OFF THE NEW ENGLAND COAST AND SET UP A
SOUTHERLY RETURN FLOW WHICH WILL BRING A COUPLE DAYS OF MID-SUMMERS
HEAT AND INCREASINGLY MUGGY CONDITIONS. HIGHS SHOULD GENERALLY BE IN
THE 80S...WITH LAKE BREEZES AND DOWNSLOPING DRIVING TEMPERATURE
DIFFERENCES. A WEAK SOUTHERLY FLOW SHOULD DELAY THE LAKE BREEZE IN
BUFFALO MONDAY WITH WARMER TEMPERATURES NORTH OF I-90 DUE TO
DOWNSLOPING. ON TUESDAY A STRONGER SSW FLOW SHOULD ALLOW FOR AN
EARLIER LAKE BREEZE AND COOLER TEMPERATURES ACROSS THE NIAGARA
FRONTIER...WHILE TEMPERATURES PUSH 90 ACROSS THE LOWER GENESEE
VALLEY WHERE DOWNSLOPING WILL BE IN FULL EFFECT. DEW POINTS WILL
RISE INTO THE UPPER 60S TUESDAY RESULTING IN RATHER MUGGY CONDITIONS.

THE VAST MAJORITY OF THE TIME SHOULD BE DRY THROUGH TUESDAY MORNING.
A WEAK UPPER LEVEL DISTURBANCE WILL PASS TO OUR SOUTH ON MONDAY AND
THIS MAY BRING IN MOISTURE AND A FEW DIURNALLY AIDED SHOWERS MONDAY
AFTERNOON/EVENING. 00Z MODEL CONSENSUS CONTINUES TO SHOW LIGHT QPF
WITH THIS...GENERALLY SOUTH AND WEST OF ROCHESTER. LAKE BREEZES MAY
PROVIDE A FOCUS FOR THIS ACTIVITY. WHAT IS LEFT OF THIS WILL MOVE
EAST MONDAY NIGHT WITH THE UPPER LOW.

THE MORE SIGNIFICANT SYSTEM WILL COME LATE TUESDAY WHEN A SHORTWAVE
IS FORECAST TO TRACK TO OUR NORTH AND PUSH A COLD FRONT ACROSS THE
REGION. 00Z NAM/GFS/ECMWF/GGEM GUIDANCE HAS TRENDED A BIT FASTER
WITH A CONSENSUS TIMING OF TUESDAY EVENING. WITH BETTER MODEL
AGREEMENT ON TIMING AND THE FRONT TO PROVIDE A FOCUS FOR CONVECTION
HAVE RAISED POPS TO LIKELY.

WIND FIELDS AHEAD OF THIS FRONT LATE TUESDAY AFTERNOON AND EVENING
ARE FAIRLY MODEST. GUIDANCE GENERALLY FORECASTS 850MB WINDS
INCREASING TO 30 TO 40 KTS...WITH LIMITED DIRECTIONAL SHEAR. THIS IS
A MARGINAL WIND FIELD FOR PRODUCING WIDESPREAD SEVERE WEATHER...BUT
IT CAN RESULT IN A FEW BOWING SEGMENTS OR PULSE STORMS WHEN AMPLE
INSTABILITY IS IN PLACE. SPC HAS OUR ARE IN A MARGINAL RISK...WHICH
IS IN LINE WITH THIS THINKING.

IT IS ALSO WORTH NOTING THAT BOTH THE 00Z NAM/GFS FORECAST PWATS
OVER 2 INCHES...WHICH IS EXTREMELY MOIST FOR THE AREA. IF THIS
VERIFIES...THERE IS A POTENTIAL THAT SOME STORMS COULD PRODUCE FLASH
FLOODING. IN EACH CASE...THE POTENTIAL IS SMALL AND LARGELY
DEPENDENT ON THE TIMING AND UPSTREAM DEVELOPMENT OF CONVECTION ALONG
THIS BOUNDARY.

&&

.LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
A TROUGH OF LOW PRESSURE WITH A COLD FRONT WILL SLOWLY EXIT TO THE
EAST ON WEDNESDAY WITH A LINGERING CHANCE FOR SHOWERS AND BELOW
NORMAL TEMPERATURES. AFTER THIS...WEAK HIGH PRESSURE WILL BUILD
ACROSS THE AREA THROUGH FRIDAY WITH BELOW NORMAL CHANCES FOR
PRECIPITATION. SOME MODEL GUIDANCE TRACKS A WEAK AREA OF CONVECTION
TO OUR SOUTH THURSDAY AND THURSDAY NIGHT. OTHERWISE...EXPECT FAIRLY
SEASONABLE TEMPERATURES IN THE 70S TO NEAR 80 THROUGH THE END OF THE
WORK WEEK.

LOOKING AHEAD TO NEXT WEEKEND...FORECAST CONFIDENCE REMAINS BELOW
NORMAL...AS VARIOUS FORECAST MODELS DISAGREE ON THE TIMING OF A
SHORTWAVE THAT COULD BRING INCREASED SHOWER/THUNDERSTORM CHANCES TO
ONE OF THE DAYS OF THE WEEKEND. WHILE SATURDAY OR SUNDAY COULD SEE
SOME SHOWER/THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY... THE WEEKEND LOOKS FAR FROM A
WASHOUT.

&&

.AVIATION /15Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
HIGH PRESSURE WILL
MAINTAIN VFR FLIGHT CONDITIONS WITH SUNNY SKIES ACROSS THE REGION
TODAY. EXPECT A FEW MID AND HIGH LEVEL CLOUDS TO START TO BUILD
NORTHWARD ACROSS WNY LATE TONIGHT...WITH A THICKER DECK OF MID LEVEL
CLOUDS REACHING THE SOUTHERN TIER BY DAWN MONDAY.

OUTLOOK...
MONDAY...VFR.
TUESDAY AND WEDNESDAY...MAINLY VFR WITH A CHANCE OF SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS.
THURSDAY...VFR.

&&

.MARINE...
A WEAK PRESSURE GRADIENT WILL REMAIN IN PLACE ACROSS THE LOWER GREAT
LAKES TODAY AS HIGH PRESSURE CROSSES THE REGION. THIS WILL GENERALLY
RESULT IN RELATIVELY LIGHT WINDS AND MINIMAL WAVES...WITH LOCAL LAKE
BREEZE CIRCULATIONS THROUGH THE AFTERNOON PRODUCING WEAK ONSHORE
FLOW.

WINDS WILL INCREASE SOME TUESDAY NIGHT BEHIND A COLD FRONT...WITH
WAVES RISING A FOOT OR TWO ON THE EASTERN GREAT LAKES. OTHERWISE
EXPECT FLAT WAVE ACTION TO CONTINUE THROUGH THE WEEK.

&&

.BUF WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NY...NONE.
MARINE...NONE.

&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...AR
NEAR TERM...AR
SHORT TERM...APFFEL
LONG TERM...APFFEL/CHURCH
AVIATION...AR
MARINE...AR


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