Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Aberdeen, SD

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FXUS63 KABR 201529 AAA
AFDABR

Area Forecast Discussion...UPDATED
National Weather Service Aberdeen SD
1029 AM CDT WED JUL 20 2016

.UPDATE...
Issued at 1026 AM CDT WED JUL 20 2016

No major changes expected today.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Friday Afternoon)
Issued at 409 AM CDT WED JUL 20 2016

There has been a rapid increase in stratus across the eastern CWA
over the past two hours as low level moisture is abundant. Models
not really picking up on this though. Web cams show mainly just low
clouds with only Summit seeing fog for the time being. Will continue
to monitor fog potential as it`s certainly a possibility.

Main story continues to be the heat and humidity, with the peak of
the heat wave expected today as temps soar into the upper 90s and
100s across the CWA. Dewpoints will remain the highest over the
eastern CWA where conditions will feel more uncomfortable. Although,
heat indices everywhere will range from 100 to 110 degrees today.
Will continue will the excessive heat warning, but will soon have to
re-evaluate possible headlines changes for Thursday as slightly
cooler air works into the northern CWA. On a side note for today, RH
values drop into the teens across fire weather zone 267, although
winds will be fairly light so do not anticipate any fire weather
headlines. Concerning precipitation for today, have added slight
chance pops to the northwest CWA as frontal boundary approaches late
this afternoon. Hi-res models indicating possibility for a few
isolated showers roaming across north central SD around 00Z this
evening.

As previously mentioned, slightly cooler air looks to work into the
area on Thursday in the wake of the passing frontal boundary. Heat
indices may only reach the mid to upper 90s over the northern CWA on
Thursday, with the northeast CWA remaining in the low to mid 90s for
heat indices on Friday. Will have to make some decisions on headline
changes by this time if it feels appropriate as some areas may stay
below that 100 degree threshold. All-in-all though, conditions look
to stay hot all the way through the short term period, with just
minimal chances for precipitation.

.LONG TERM...(Friday Evening through Tuesday)
Issued at 409 AM CDT WED JUL 20 2016

The period opens Friday night with a cold fropa in progress. It`s
entirely possible that the warm mid-level capping inversion, which
has been in place over the region for most of the week, will
prohibit thunderstorms from developing/building down into this cwa
Friday night as well. However, should the capping inversion be
overcome, the amount of deep layer shear and instability presently
forecast to be around Friday night suggests severe convection could
be possible, in particular, across the northern tier counties of
north central and northeast South Dakota and west central Minnesota,
anchored on that frontal boundary as it progresses east-southeast
through the region.

In the post cold fropa environment, the heat dome has gone away and
temperatures throughout the period should return to something more
closely resembling climo normal for mid/late July; highs in the mid
80s to low 90s and lows in the low 60s.

The upper level ridge is displaced by quasi-zonal flow and a return
to somewhat stronger westerlies aloft with a few shortwaves
propagating along within them. The warmer mid-level capping
inversion temperatures also take a backseat, leaving the door open
for a few opportunities for convection/meaningful precipitation
chances in the out periods. Superblend guidance temps/pops were
accepted as is this morning.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Thursday Morning)
Issued at 618 AM CDT WED JUL 20 2016

The stratus clouds/fog has continued to develop and spread across
the forecast area this morning. KATY remains socked in under IFR
stratus this morning and KMBG is expected to fall into IFR
stratus/fog within the next couple of hours as well. These
conditions should only persist for a few more hours as daytime
heating/mixing should put an end to it. KABR/KPIR may end up
escaping the sub-vfr conditions altogether this morning, per
satellite trends, but will continue to monitor. Otherwise, expect
VFR conditions to prevail across the area into tonight.

&&

.ABR Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
SD...Excessive Heat Warning until 7 PM CDT /6 PM MDT/ Friday for
     SDZ003>006-009-010-015>018-033>037-045-048-051.

     Excessive Heat Warning until 7 PM CDT Friday for SDZ007-008-011-
     019>023.

MN...Excessive Heat Warning until 7 PM CDT Friday for MNZ039-046.

&&

$$

UPDATE...TDK
SHORT TERM...TMT
LONG TERM...Dorn
AVIATION...Dorn


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