Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Aberdeen, SD

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FXUS63 KABR 292049

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Aberdeen SD
349 PM CDT Sat Apr 29 2017

.SHORT TERM...(This Evening through Sunday Afternoon)
Issued at 349 PM CDT Sat Apr 29 2017

Very dry air has again settled across central SD. Dewpoints in the
low to mid teens and temperatures in the upper 50s have combined to
drop relative humidity values into the upper teens as many of the
high clouds have thinned out during the late morning and early
afternoon hours. Expect temperatures to fall into the low to mid 30s
across much of the area tonight. Could drop a couple degrees lower
than forecast over central SD where all the dry air has set up
today. Will need to monitor this area.

Sunday will bring increased moisture and increased northeasterly
winds, especially in the afternoon as the pressure gradient
increases between the sfc ridge retreating across western SD and
much of ND, and the nearing low sliding across eastern KS and into
far southeastern NE by the end of the day. Soundings indicate the
potential to mix down some gusts nearing 30kts over much of the
eastern half of the forecast area from 18Z on. The driest air will
again be across north central SD, where afternoon rh values may fall
to around 25 percent. On a positive note fire weather wise, this
will be the area of lightest winds, where northeasterly winds around
15kts combine with gusts around 20kts. Will still highlight this in
our fire weather products, as Sunday will be quite a contrast
northwest to southeast. Areas southeast of ATY could receive 0.25 to
0.50 inches of rain by the end of the day. Will continue to refine
the onset and timing as it gets closer. The 12Z NAM is on the
extreme slow end to bring rain/snow into to the area, and holds off
until after 18Z. Will continue more of a GFS/ECMWF blended solution,
with additional details from the CAM solutions through tonight. The
result was a slight eastern shift to the qpf Sunday afternoon.

.LONG TERM...(Sunday Evening through Saturday)
Issued at 349 PM CDT Sat Apr 29 2017

Main focus will be strong area of low pressure moving out of the
Central Plains into the Upper Midwest during the beginning of this
forecast period. Not much variation in terms of storm track among
the 12Z models as most take it out of NE Kansas into SW Iowa Sunday
night and early Monday morning before making it to SE Minnesota and
Western Wisconsin by Monday afternoon.

With not much change noted from previous model runs with regards to
this system...the western edge of the QPF remains across the James
River Valley. A fairly sharp gradient still exists in QPF from west
to east with the highest amounts still confined around the I-29
corridor, Prairie Coteau and west central Minnesota. Amounts in
excess of 1 inch of liquid are likely which will include several
inches of snow. Highest snowfall amounts still appear to be
concentrated in the Watertown/Clear Lake area and the higher
elevations of the Coteau. GEFS plumes for Watertown are centered
around the 5 to 6 inch mark. A few locations could get a little more
than this...possible 6-7 inches...especially along the Coteau ridge
as northeast winds run perpendicular to the ridge line and upslope
flow develops. With increasing confidence in this snowfall scenario
and after coordination with surrounding WFO`s, a Winter Storm Watch
has been issued for portions our northeastern and eastern counties.

The surface temperatures will be the driver of this snowfall event
and still remain a bit tricky to nail down. With that said, things
at this point look to play out like this...rain to initially fall
across the I-29 corridor and points east into MN and west into the
James valley during the evening hours Sunday. Eventually, a
rain/snow mix will become all snow then by midnight across eastern
areas and higher elevations. For points west of there in the James
valley, rain should begin to mix with snow after midnight. Except
for eastern fringes of the James valley, a changeover to all snow is
not expected in the rest of the valley and/or it will remain a
fairly short-lived snowfall event there. Snow and a mixture of
rain/snow will hold on the longest across the I-29 corridor through
the morning hours Monday before turning back over to rain. The
system should then depart by late Monday afternoon and evening with
the precip coming to an end.

The remainder of the forecast period will feature a return to
somewhat more tranquil conditions. A weaker disturbance moving
through toward the middle of the week could bring some lighter rain
showers to the forecast area Tuesday into Wednesday. After that, a
ridge begins to build into the region. Temperatures will gradually
moderate back closer to normal if not slightly above.


.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Sunday Afternoon)
Issued at 1215 PM CDT Sat Apr 29 2017

VFR ceiling and vis remain. The strongest winds/pressure gradient
remains across our southeast, impacting ATY the most. Expect winds
there to increase through the late afternoon hours out of the
northeast gusting to near 25kts. Otherwise, the main aviation
impact will remain just to our southeast, in the form of MVFR or
lower ceilings that will arrive at ATY after 18Z Sunday.


SD...Winter Storm Watch from Sunday evening through Monday evening
     for SDZ008-019>023.

MN...Winter Storm Watch from Sunday evening through Monday evening
     for MNZ039-046.



LONG TERM...Vipond
AVIATION...KF is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.