Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Central Illinois

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FXUS63 KILX 211544

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Lincoln IL
1044 AM CDT Sat Oct 21 2017

Issued at 1045 AM CDT Sat Oct 21 2017

Updated the forecast today to extend slight chances of showers
until mid afternoon mainly east of I-55. Also added slight chance
of thunderstorms next few hours from I-72 south to I-70. Weak
short waves east of the IL river will lift ne of CWA by 21z/4 pm
and appears to be just enough moisture to produce isolated
convection for a few more hours. Echos are weakening as they move
ne into drier air by I-74 and may just be spotty light rain
showers or sprinkles there. A fair amount of mid/high clouds east
of the IL river late this morning while more sunshine west of IL
river. Expect skies to become partly sunny during the afternoon
over central and eastern IL as more breaks develop in cloud cover.
Temps currently in the low to mid 60s and should warm mostly into
the upper 70s during this afternoon as more sunshine appears. This
should be the 3rd consecutive day with highs in the 75-80F range
aided by breezy southerly winds of 10-20 mph and gusts 20-30 mph.
Tight pressure gradient over IL due to 1029 mb high pressure over
the mid Atlantic states, and 990 mb low pressure over central
Manitoba with a cold front extending southward through the far
eastern Dakotas into eastern Nebraska and central KS.


.SHORT TERM...(Today and tonight)
ISSUED AT 338 AM CDT Sat Oct 21 2017

A tightening pressure gradient between a high anchored along the
East Coast and a cold front in the Plains will produce strong
S/SW winds across central Illinois today. Numeric guidance and
forecast soundings suggest gusts of 25-30mph, particularly from
late morning through the afternoon. Plenty of mid/high clouds will
stream across the region this morning, as a short-wave trough
tracks just W/NW of Illinois through Iowa into Wisconsin. While
regional 00z upper air soundings showed very dry air below 500mb,
current radar mosaic indicates 30-40dbZ echoes embedded within
the southwesterly flow on the periphery of the wave. No surface
obs have reported precip yet, but have decided to include a chance
for sprinkles everywhere west of the I-57 corridor this morning in
case some very light precip manages to reach the ground beneath
the stronger echoes. Aside from that, the remainder of the day
will be partly to mostly cloudy...breezy...and very warm with
highs once again climbing well into the 70s.

The Plains cold front will slowly push eastward tonight,
triggering showers and thunderstorms overnight. 00z Oct 21 models
have continued the recent trend of slowing the eastward progress
of the front, with most high-res solutions keeping showers west of
the KILX CWA until after midnight. Have scaled back evening PoPs
accordingly, with only slight chances west of I-55. Rain chances
will gradually spread eastward across the remainder of the area
overnight, but may not reach the Indiana border until after 12z.
SPC continues to highlight locations west of the Mississippi River
for potential severe later today: however, by the time any
convection reaches west-central Illinois, instability will be
waning and severe threat appears to be low tonight.

.LONG TERM...(Sunday through Friday)
ISSUED AT 338 AM CDT Sat Oct 21 2017

Front will slowly push eastward across central Illinois on Sunday,
bringing showers and perhaps a few isolated thunderstorms.
Boundary will slip mainly east of the area by Monday: however,
models are continuing to struggle with a rather complex upper air
pattern early next week. The main challenge is how an upper trough
digging across the Northern Plains will interact with an upper low
tracking through the Mississippi/Tennessee River Valleys.
Considerable model spread still exists, resulting in below average
forecast confidence beyond Sunday. At this point, will continue to
forecast showers across mainly the E/SE CWA on Monday as the upper
low slows. Meanwhile, as the Northern Plains wave digs further
south and merges with the low, clouds and light showers are a good
bet everywhere on Tuesday. The main weather story for the middle
of the week will be the considerably cooler
temperatures drop from the 60s/70s on Sunday into the 50s by
Tuesday/Wednesday. After that...warming conditions are expected by
the end of the week.


.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Sunday morning)
Issued at 551 AM CDT Sat Oct 21 2017

Strong southerly winds gusting to around 25kt will prevail across
central Illinois today. Isolated very light showers/sprinkles will
be possible through the morning hours, particularly west of the
I-57 corridor. Have therefore included VCSH at KPIA/KBMI/KSPI
through 18z. A cold front will begin to approach from the west
tonight, bringing showers and a few thunderstorms overnight. Based
on latest model data, have introduced predominant showers with
VCTS at KPIA after 08z...then further east to KBMI/KSPI after 10z.
Further east, decided to only mention VCSH through 12z at the
remaining terminals.





LONG TERM...Barnes
AVIATION...Barnes is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.