Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Quad Cities, IA IL
FXUS63 KDVN 212320
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Quad Cities IA IL
620 PM CDT TUE JUN 21 2016
Issued at 345 PM CDT Tue Jun 21 2016
Weak high pressure providing plenty of sunshine and a rather
pleasant afternoon. 3 pm temperatures were in the lower to mid 80s
with dewpoints in the lower to mid 50s (except our far south where
dewpoints were in the mid 60s).
On the weather map, a warm front extended from the Black Hills to
near Kansas City and then the front was stalled in central MO into
Ohio. Dewpoints were pooling in the mid 70s along the front with
PWAT`s of nearly 2 inches. 850 mb moisture transport was increasing
in the central and southern Plains.
.SHORT TERM...(THIS EVENING THROUGH Wednesday)
ISSUED AT 345 PM CDT Tue Jun 21 2016
Forecast focus on flash flooding and severe potential.
Tonight: Potential for flash flooding and isolated severe storms
along and north of a warm front. We have issued a flash flood
watch for roughly our northern 2/3rds of the cwa. Low level jet
will be strengthening to 50 knots to our southwest which will be
ramming into weak winds in the cwa. This sets up strong speed
convergence in the low levels, with strong forcing evident on the
time height sections. With the increasing southwest winds this
will push the warm front gradually northeast across the cwa
overnight. PWAT`s will also increase to over 2 inches which would
be in the 99th percentile for June. Pattern recognition/past
events would suggest a flash flood potential with rapid rainfall
rates. The HRRR and 4 km NAM depict this scenario quite well. We
expect a widespread 1-2 inch rain event with some locations
picking up 4+ inches, especially where repeating thunderstorms
occur over the same area. This is what happened last night in
portions of northwest MO where some spots measured 5 inches of rain.
In addition, some of the elevated strong storms may also produce
large hail and damaging wind as deep layer shear increases.
However, the severe threat appears low with emphasis on the more
important flash flood threat.
Minimum temperatures tonight will range from the lower 60s along
Highway 20 to the lower 70s in extreme northeast MO.
Wednesday: The flash flood threat wanes while the severe weather
threat ramps up big time in the afternoon. There is the potential
for a strong tornado or two and possibly long track. Operational
models similar in taking a surface low across central IA in the
morning and then along Highway 20 in the afternoon. The triple
point is expected in that area with backed surface winds ahead of
the low and warm front. A hot and capped airmass will be spreading
over most of the cwa which should limit the severe potential to
mainly extreme northeast IA/northwest IL north of I-80. By mid
afternoon severe thunderstorms should explode near the triple
point with strong deep layer shear, a backed surface wind and
sfc-3km helicity of over 600 m2/s2. Even in the sfc-1km the
helicity is over 400. SBCAPES are expected to be near 4000 J/kg.
With a 500 mb wind of 65 knots and strong shear this increases the
potential for intense supercells and strong tornadoes during the
initial convective development.
Caveat: This severe threat hinges on how far north the warm front
can make progress. This will depend on the event tonight in
regards to how widespread the mcs becomes, how long cloud cover
lingers on Wednesday and temperatures/instability. If the
convection ends quickly early Wednesday the warm front may be able
to lift northeast of the cwa allowing for a strong cap over all
the cwa. The severe threat would then be north and east of the
dvn cwa. On the other hand, if the convection lingers much longer
on Wednesday the warm front would be farther south than expected
allowing for more of the cwa to have a significant severe threat.
For now SPC has an enhanced to moderate severe risk. Stay tuned!
Last but not least: Hot temperatures will be spreading into our
southern counties on Wednesday with 850 mb temperatures rising to
+23c. This will push surface temperatures into the mid 90s with
dewpoints in the lower to mid 70s. This would allow for heat index
values in the 100-105 range and a heat advisory may be needed.
Will let later shifts evaluate the need for a headline. In far
northwest IL highs will be only in the lower 80s.
.LONG TERM...(Wednesday NIGHT THROUGH Tuesday)
ISSUED AT 345 PM CDT Tue Jun 21 2016
Wednesday night through Friday...The new 00z ECMWF has the SFC low
over or even just south of the Quad Cities at 00z, probably in the
mode of energy transfer with a jump toward east central to northeast
IL by midnight. The 12z GFS and NAM have the low generally west of
the DBQ, with eyes toward either MKE or CHI through 06z. Prefer the
further south ECMWF, and would suggest some lingering severe storms
east of the MS RVR possibly from DBQ down toward Princeton IL from
00z to 01z or 02z at the latest before they skirt east-southeast of
the local FCST area. They may already be morphing from supercellular
mode into bowing segments as they do in lingering high shear
environment. Will keep some lingering POPS tailing back westward acrs
at least the eastern into southern CWA Wed evening for a few
elevated showers or storms that should not be severe like the main
storms propagating off to the east-southeast toward Indiana and
southeastern IL at that time. Will go totally dry after midnight.
Trailing LLVL trof dropping down the western GRT LKS may induce a
few showers into the eastern CWA on Thu, but low confidence in this
scenario ATTM. Cooler with highs in the upper 70s north, to the mid
80s in the south.
Back-door sfc ridge dropping down the western GRT LKS and drier
northeasterly boundary layer fetch may allow for some 50s in the
northeast CWA by early Fri morning. Friday a lingering lower
humidity day with highs warming into the mid 80s acrs most of the
area. A low chance for elevated return flow showers and storms Fri
Saturday and Sunday...mean upper ridge axis projected to get pressed
east acrs the mid to upper MS RVR Valley and GRT LKS this period,
and return flow bringing back the heat and humidity for Sat. Some
rogue/isolated to wdly sctrd airmass type showers and storms
possible during the day Sat. The next ridge-riding trof will ignite
the next more organized convective event acrs the upper MS RVR
Valley late Sat and Sat night, with some of this activity bleeding
down acrs the local area later Sat night into Sunday along with the
associated cool front. Current indications suggest the best chance
for severe storms Sat/Sat night will occur off to the west and
northwest of the CWA...but may be too close for comfort.
Monday and next Tuesday...GRT LKS Troffiness will look to establish
with renewed llvl northerly flow and seasonable temps this period.
The southern periphery of the trof will be the next convective active
zone, with the GFS suggesting this zone well south of the CWA, while
the new ECMWF may allow for some showers and storms in the south on
Monday. For now with uncertainty will keep POPS at a minimum.
.AVIATION...(FOR THE 00Z TAFS THROUGH 00Z Wednesday EVENING)
ISSUED AT 617 PM CDT Tue Jun 21 2016
A quiet VFR evening will soon give way to a powerful and large
complex of strong thunderstorms and heavy rain overnight. As
these storms slide east and southeast over the entire area, some
wind gusts as storms arrive are possible, and will be included in
TAF updates. A prolonged period of heavy rain and thunder is
likely during the 06Z to 13Z period, with cigs lowering to MVFR
during that period. After morning storms shift east, south winds
and VFR weather will gradually return to all of eastern Iowa and
western Illinois. A low coverage threat for severe thunderstorms
is expected during the late afternoon and early evening Wednesday
in Iowa, with more widespread activity affecting Illinois.
IA...Flash Flood Watch from 10 PM CDT this evening through Wednesday
morning for Benton-Buchanan-Cedar-Clinton-Delaware-Dubuque-
IL...Flash Flood Watch from 10 PM CDT this evening through Wednesday
morning for Bureau-Carroll-Henry IL-Jo Daviess-Mercer-