Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Houston/Galveston, TX

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FXUS64 KHGX 290914
AFDHGX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Houston/Galveston TX
414 AM CDT Sat Apr 29 2017

.DISCUSSION...
Another very warm start to the day with temps at 3 AM in the upper
70`s. At 3 AM, an area of low pressure was located near Ozona with
a pre-frontal trough extending from Ardmore Ok to San Angelo. A
cold front extended from about Ft Smith AR to to OKC to just east
of Midland. The pressure gradient is tight and further tightening
is expected this morning. Winds will increase this morning
especially along the coast and have issued a Wind Advisory for
today for mainly the coast and a few inland counties over the
west. Low level moisture will increase today on strong SSE winds
beneath a stout capping inversion. Some streamer showers will be
possible today beneath the cap as the low level jet nudges east.
850 temps remain very warm but additional cloud cover and mixing
from the strong winds support slightly cooler temperatures than
yesterday. Will maintain the Coastal Flood Advisory as strong
winds are expected to producer tide levels 1.5 to 2.0 feet above
predicted levels. Still expecting some minor flooding along the
Bolivar Peninsula this morning.

A cold front will approach the area this evening and cross the
region overnight. SPC continues to outlook the region in Slight to
Enhanced Risk. CAPE values remain over 3500 J/Kg, PW`s creep up to
around 1.90 inches and lapse rates look steep so the outlook is
reasonable. So what could go wrong? A strong capping inversion is
in place through 03z and global models show this feature just
magically vanishing as the front approaches. Not sure this is
reasonable considering how strong the cap is. Short term guidance
is looking more and more benign so confidence in severe weather is
waning. Best chance for strong storms looks to be over the
northern half of the CWA with some showers/iso thunderstorms over
the south as the front moves through. The primary severe weather
hazard for the northern half of the region will be damaging wind
gusts and possibly large hail. Timing as of now, the College
Station area between 10 PM and 1 AM, the Houston area between
midnight and 3 AM, and Galveston between 3 AM and 6 AM. Might have
a few trailing showers early Sunday morning but skies are
expected to clear by noon with abundant sunshine in the afternoon
with cooler and drier conditions. For late April, Sunday afternoon
is looking fantastic. Monday is also looking nice as weak high
pressure drifts across SE TX and then east of the area by Monday
night.

Temperatures warm up quickly and humidity will return on Tuesday
as onshore winds redevelop. PW values increase to 1.4-1.5 inches
on Tuesday night as a weak upper level trough approaches west
Texas. Will probably start getting some showers developing Tuesday
night as the trough nears. Wednesday is looking rather
interesting as several disturbances move across the area. CAPE
values on Wednesday exceed 4000 J/Kg and LI values are -12 with
steep lapse rates in place. Fcst soundings show significantly less
capping on Wednesday than the storms expected tonight. A cold
front will then cross SE late in the day or Wednesday night
ending the rain threat and ushering in some great spring weather
for the end of the week. Sunny and dry conditions are expected
Thursday afternoon through Saturday with seasonal temperatures. 43

&&

.MARINE...
The models are increasing the winds to 25 to 30 knots over most
areas by sunrise. Gusts to gale should be common over the Gulf
waters and the strong onshore winds should persist into this
evening. The winds will diminish for at least a few hours around
midnight ahead of the cold front. Advisory winds will return as
strong offshore winds develop behind the front. These will diminish
by midday Sunday. Will continue the small craft advisory for today
through Sunday.

The seas have begun to respond and were already near 6 to 8 feet at
the buoys. Tides were also responding and were already 1 foot above
the astronomically predicted levels. Because of the combination of
wave run-up, rough surf, and tide levels predicted to reach to
between 3.5 and 4.1 feet, will continue the coastal flood advisory
that was issued earlier Friday evening.

One more item to consider for today is the possibility of patchy sea
fog. Platforms off of the coast and the land observing sites on the
immediate coast have shown some light fog. With the dewpoints in the
70s moving over water temperatures of 75 to 76, would expect some
development. However, do not think dense sea fog formation is likely
at this time given the strong winds in place and the short fetch
over the cooler coastal waters.

Another bout of strong winds and high seas are expected during the
mid week period. Another cold front is expected to move off of the
coast and advisory conditions are likely following this front
Wednesday night or Thursday morning.

40

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
College Station (CLL)      88  58  73  51  82 /  40  80  10  10   0
Houston (IAH)              86  63  76  55  83 /  40  80  20  10   0
Galveston (GLS)            82  69  77  67  80 /  30  80  40  10   0

&&

.HGX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
TX...Wind Advisory until 4 PM CDT this afternoon for the following
     zones: Austin...Brazoria...Chambers...Colorado...Fort
     Bend...Galveston...Jackson...Matagorda...Wharton.

     Coastal Flood Advisory until noon CDT today for the following
     zones: Brazoria...Chambers...Galveston...Matagorda.

GM...Small Craft Advisory until 2 PM CDT Sunday for the following
     zones: Coastal waters from Freeport to the Matagorda Ship
     Channel out 20 NM...Coastal waters from High Island to
     Freeport out 20 NM...Galveston Bay...Matagorda Bay...Waters
     from Freeport to the Matagorda Ship Channel from 20 to 60
     NM...Waters from High Island to Freeport from 20 to 60 NM.

&&

$$


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