Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Kansas City/Pleasant Hill, MO

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000
FXUS63 KEAX 181041
AFDEAX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
National Weather Service Kansas City/Pleasant Hill MO
441 AM CST Sun Feb 18 2018

.Discussion...
Issued at 441 AM CST SUN FEB 18 2018

Looks like a dry windy end to the weekend; but more rain, and
possibly ice, is on the way early this work week.

Satellite imagery shows a zonal flow prevail across the middle of
the Nation this morning, though a large shortwave trough is also
noted sweeping south along the West Coast; and it will be this
trough that dictates the weather over the next few days.

For Today...the trough across Weest Coast will continue to dig
south, helping kick the flow form its current zonal form to the
southwest as we move into the beginning of the work week. Downstream
effects from this pattern evolution are already being seen with
the lee-side troughing in Wyoming and increasing pressure gradient
across the Plains. The low will shift more fully into the Plains
today, tightening the pressure gradient across Kansas and Missouri
rather significantly. Add in a low level jet ahead of the front
and momentum transfer as morning boundary layer mixing gets going,
and it is looking to be a rather windy day. Think we will hit
advisory wind criteria in the counties of far northwest Missouri
and adjacent northeast Kansas for at least a few hours late this
morning or this afternoon. Have issued a wind advisory for those
sections of the forecast area today. Additionally, today`s strong
winds and warm temperatures will significantly increase the fire
weather threat as afternoon humidity values drop to around 30
percent.

For tonight into the work week...it looks like we will be dealing
with an active pattern as the southwest flow looks to dominate the
Plains States; possibly through next weekend. For late Sunday night
through Monday that means rain. The developing southwest flow will
have sufficient time to pick up and transport moisture north today,
and will start inducing some light rain/drizzle as early as the late
tonight. Temperatures late tonight through the day Monday will be
plenty warm to limit precipitation types to all liquid. Of course,
those self same warm temperatures also point at a bit of instability
available, which may fuel some embedded thunderstorm activity with
the light, but widespread, rain expected during the day Monday.
However, as the front pushes in Monday night through Tuesday,
rainfall will likely increase and precipitation types will likely
change. Complicating matters is the notable fact that confidence in
how quickly the cold air moves in behind the front is a bit iffy,
as the NAM is much quicker and more aggressive with the cold air
than the GFS/CAN/EC; and that has a significant effect on the
expected weather type Tuesday.

Currently, the consensus among the majority of the models is that
the cold air will move in slowly, which would likely spare much
of the forecast area from significant wintry precipitation
accumulation (outside of far northwest Missouri) as what
precipitation there is moves east ahead of the cold air. The NAMs
faster cold air solution points at a much higher potential for
wintry weather; and given the lack of notable ice crystals in
model soundings for Tuesday, freezing rain is very possible. This
is also an issue noted in other model solutions, but the limited
time and area covered by wintry precipitation lowers the broader
public impacts. Given the current forecast, areas north and west
of a St Joseph to Bethany line look to possibly pick up notable
ice accumulations Monday night into Tuesday as the frontal
boundary, and cold air, are expected to be wallowing across that
corner of Missouri for some 24 hours. When the cold air finally
sweeps southeast there may be some wintry precipitation across the
rest of Kansas and Missouri, but accumulations will likely be
rather light compared to the liquid rain received ahead of it.
Otherwise, temperatures will likely be coldest Wednesday into
Wednesday night, with another chance for precipitation Friday.

&&

.Aviation...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Sunday Evening)
Issued at 519 PM CST SAT FEB 17 2018

VFR through the period. Winds at terminals will become southeasterly
overnight and strengthen around sunrise, with gusts reaching at or
above 30 kts at times.


&&

.EAX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
KS...Wind Advisory from 9 AM this morning to 6 PM CST this evening
     for KSZ025-102.

MO...Wind Advisory from 9 AM this morning to 6 PM CST this evening
     for MOZ001>005-011-012-020.

&&

$$

Discussion...Cutter
Aviation...BLAIR



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