Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Kansas City/Pleasant Hill, MO
FXUS63 KEAX 132147
AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
447 PM CDT Sun Apr 13 2014
Issued at 447 PM CDT SUN APR 13 2014
Ongoing strong/severe weather associated with developing squall-line
is one of several weather concerns. In addition, a second upper
system further upstream will move through the Central/Southern
Plains later tonight/Monday and bring threat for some minor snow
accumulations. A third concern will be a hard freeze late Monday
night/Tuesday morning and a final forecast challenge will another
system which could bring not only rain on Thursday but it could mix
with snow Thursday night.
Developing squall-line from northwest MO into central OK is expected
to accelerate eastward this evening as an upper trough rotates
northeast through KS and enhances the upper level diffluence. Latest
HRRR and other short-range convective allowing models suggest this
line of strong/severe convection should exit the eastern CWA by 01z.
Combination of moderate instability and a nearly unidirectional
vertical wind profile will support this squall-line while the 0-3km
bulk shear of 25kt and clockwise hodograph in the lowest 1-2
kilometers will be able to support brief meso-circulations along
the squall-line. Damaging winds and large hail will be the primary
severe threats while precipitable water values nearing 3 standard
deviations above average and training of individual cells within the
southern flank of bowing segments will result in short duration but
very heavy rainfall.
Should see an hour or two of post-frontal stratiform rain and
embedded convection before the rain moves out. Wrap around
deformation zone rain is expected to lift northeast through northern
MO this evening while the southwestern CWA could be dry until late
tonight. Strong cold air advection could cool the column
sufficiently across northwest MO to allow for minor snow
accumulations late tonight. In addition, sub-freezing temperatures
are likely for several hours over far northwest MO and extreme
A very raw and blustery day anticipated with snow now being
introduced. Temperatures will likely struggle to reach 40, which is
around 25 degrees below average.
Strong/gusty northerly winds will funnel very cold air in behind the
cold front which will spread through the CWA overnight. A second
deeper upper system will track east out of the Central Rockies
tonight and through KS/Southern Plains on Monday. The NAM has been
advertising accumulating snow for several days and the last couple
runs of the GFS and ECWMF have jumped on the bandwagon. We`ve been
trending colder for the past couple of days and the column looks to
be cold enough now to support minor snow accumulations for west
central MO and adjacent east central KS during the morning hours.
Believe temperatures will warmer enough by afternoon to change to a
Passage of the upper trough Monday night will result in strong
sinking motion and clearing as a surface ridge moves in. A hard
freeze with overnight lows in the mid to upper 20s will require
another headline, possibly being issued during the midnight shift.
A rather quick transition from northwest to nearly zonal flow will
allow for a modest warm-up with highs reaching the lower 60s by
The next storm system will likely move into the central U.S. by
Thursday. There is considerable differences between the GFS and
ECMWF solutions with the GFS depicting an anomalous deep and closed
upper system. GFS solution suggests potential for minor snow
accumulations. However, due to the degree of uncertainty will not
mention any accumulation but go with a rain/snow mix.
Low amplitude upper ridging moves in for Saturday drying things out
but both the ECMWF and GFS spread warm air advection precipitation
into the region. For now will use low PoPs.
.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Monday Afternoon)
Issued at 1247 PM CDT SUN APR 13 2014
Very messy afternoon with scattered convection early this afternoon
from extreme eastern KS across northern and central MO before a line
of strong/isolated severe storms moves from west to east this
afternoon. This line should affect the terminals before 22z with MVFR
cigs. Winds will switch abruptly to the north and remain strong and
gusty with the passage of the front. Post-frontal rain and embedded
thunderstorms will linger for a couple of hours after frontal
An area of wrap around rain and drizzle likely to move in later this
evening. Temperatures should be cold enough for a rain/snow mix after
midnight over far northwest MO. Another system moves in from the west
on Monday with the entire column cooling well below zero such that
snow is expected over east central KS/west central MO. Could see
minor accumulations on grassy surfaces.
KS...FREEZE WARNING from 4 AM to 10 AM CDT Monday FOR KSZ025-102.
MO...FREEZE WARNING from 4 AM to 10 AM CDT Monday FOR MOZ001>003-011-