Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Grand Forks, ND

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FXUS63 KFGF 192343

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Grand Forks ND
643 PM CDT Thu Oct 19 2017

Issued at 643 PM CDT Thu Oct 19 2017

The forecast is on track. Only minor updates were done with this
update cycle.


.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Friday)
Issued at 304 PM CDT Thu Oct 19 2017

Temperatures and winds will be the primary issues for the period.

Southwesterly flow aloft continues over the Northern Plains, with
the surface trough over the Northern Rockies. Winds from the south
have brought temperatures up into the 60s and low 70s this
afternoon, although the cirrus across the north has tempered
warming just a bit. Expect readings to get a few degrees warmer
this afternoon before starting to fall off this evening. The
winds will stay around 8 to 12 mph overnight and should keep the
boundary layer somewhat mixed. Higher dew points will also be
moving in as moisture return continues so will keep lows in the
40s to low 50s.

Tomorrow, the surface trough to the west deepens. With a tight
pressure gradient and 925mb winds at near 40 kts to mix down, we
should see another fairly windy day. Will keep readings below
advisory criteria for now but it could be close. Southerly winds
and 925mb temps in the upper teens C should bring another warm
day, although with more southeasterly fetch than southwesterly
and some cirrus think we will stay below record highs at this

.LONG TERM...(Friday night through Thursday)
Issued at 304 PM CDT Thu Oct 19 2017

Dry weather continues under a ridge that moves out as a trough
approaches this weekend. A low pressure system over the Canadian
Prairies supported by this trough will bring a cold front though
eastern North Dakota and northwest Minnesota Saturday. This cold
front will bring an end to our significantly above normal
temperatures. There is better agreement amoung model guidance for
moisture in northwest Minnesota than in eastern North Dakota. The
timing of the cold front on Saturday still has disagreement in model
guidance. The ECMWF is progressing the front more slowly than the
NAM, GFS, or CMC. The ECMWF and NAM are also giving more moisture to
eastern North Dakota than the GFS and CMC.

Another system will move through Monday bringing with it chances for
more rain. Once again the better chance will be in northwest
Minnesota but there is disagreement in current model guidance. The
ECMWF is developing a stronger low with this system while the GFS
and CMC keep a much  weaker system. Northwesterly flow aloft will be
present until Thursday when another upper trough approaches.


.AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Friday evening)
Issued at 643 PM CDT Thu Oct 19 2017

TAFs for 00Z include VFR conditions and breezy south winds
tomorrow. A few models hint at some low level clouds or BR late
tonight/early tomorrow. However, likelihood is low at this time.
Even if it materialized, the odds of affect a terminal (mainly FAR
or GFK) are low.


Issued at 304 PM CDT Thu Oct 19 2017

South winds will continue overnight and bring more moisture into
the area. Winds will pick up into the 20 to 30 mph range with
gusts up to 40 mph by afternoon tomorrow. However, with the
moisture moving back into the region the minimum relative humidity
values will stay in the 40 to 50 percent range.




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