Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Grand Forks, ND

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FXUS63 KFGF 192016

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Grand Forks ND
316 PM CDT Tue Sep 19 2017

.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Wednesday)
Issued at 316 PM CDT Tue Sep 19 2017

Severe thunderstorm chances continue to be the primary forecast
challenge for the period.

A line of showers and thunderstorms has been moving into the
Devils Lake Basin down to the James River Valley. This activity is
out ahead of the main surface trough axis and cold front. Strong
southeast winds have keep a lot of moisture streaming into the
central Dakotas. Clouds have covered much of the area today, but
there have been breaks and with strong mid level lapse rates and
very strong forcing, the leading storms will continue to
intensify and additional thunderstorm development will begin to
develop. The CAMs have strong storms into the Devils Lake area in
the next few hours and moving into the Red River Valley during the
00-03Z time frame. Most of the CAMs have the thunderstorms
developing into a quasi-linear complex, although some discrete
supercells are not out of the questions. Continue to think that
strong damaging winds will be the primary threat, although hail
and tornadoes will be possible, especially if cells become more

The thunderstorm complex will continue to move into western MN
tonight, and even with decreasing surface instability, should
continue to be fairly strong with very vigorous forcing. Will have
to watch rainfall rates and training of thunderstorm cells for
heavy rain threat. With very dry conditions up until this point
don`t think we will have a widespread flood risk but some issues
in urban areas could develop.

The thunderstorms will exit the area to the east as the cold front
pushes through sometime between 06 and 12Z with a few lingering
showers left behind. Southwest winds and warm air advection will
return fairly quickly for Wednesday as another trough develops to
our west. Other than a few lingering showers in the far northeast
conditions will be quiet and highs near normal.

.LONG TERM...(Wednesday night through Tuesday)
Issued at 316 PM CDT Tue Sep 19 2017

Quieter conditions are expected for Wednesday night into Thursday.
Temperatures will begin to warm into the mid to upper 70s during the
day Thursday with southerly winds at 10 to 15 mph. Temperatures will
be warm again Friday with highs in the low 60s in northeastern North
Dakota and upper 70s in western Minnesota. With the passage of a
frontal system late Friday rain chances will increase across the
region. Rain chances will remain across western Minnesota and far
southeastern North Dakota Friday night through Monday morning.
Rainfall totals in these areas could reach over one inch. Locally
higher rainfall amounts are possible. Temperatures over Saturday and
Sunday will remain cool with highs in the upper 50s and low 60s.
Rain chances should diminish across western Minnesota and
southeastern North Dakota by Monday afternoon with highs in the low
60s expected.


.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Wednesday afternoon)
Issued at 1253 PM CDT Tue Sep 19 2017

Some MVFR to IFR ceilings continue over the northern and western
TAF sites, but there has been some clearing developing just east
of the Red River. There will be a line of thunderstorms moving
into the region this afternoon and evening, with storms most
likely around KDVL in the 22-00Z time frame, moving into the
central TAF sites at 01-04Z, and later on for the MN sites. As
always, ceilings and visibility will be highly variable with
convection moving through, so there could be some brief drops to
MVFR to IFR with strong wind gusts above 30 kts as the cells move
through. Winds will shift to the west as the thunderstorms move
east, and there will be period of MVFR ceilings in some areas
behind the line but all sites should improve to VFR by the end of
the period.




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