Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Grand Junction, CO

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000
FXUS65 KGJT 211010
AFDGJT

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service GRAND JUNCTION CO
410 AM MDT Fri Jul 21 2017

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Saturday)
Issued at 410 AM MDT Fri Jul 21 2017

Yesterday (Thursday) was a much more active day in terms of
thunderstorm activity and coverage, with some flash flooding
reported in the area. Some shower activity is lingering this
morning across eastern Utah and northwest Colorado but nothing too
concerning aside from some isolated lightning strikes in
northeast Utah. Not expecting this activity to die off completely
as some embedded disturbances rotate through the flow, however
some clearing is occurring once again across portions of southwest
Colorado, like yesterday morning which once again will lead to
sufficient surface heating to allow storms to fire late this
morning and early afternoon. Deep moisture remains in place across
the forecast area with precipitable water (PW) values in excess
of an inch across much of the area, with up to 1.4 inches of PW
in the Four Corners region. This deep moisture plume will shift a
little further eastward, putting much of western Colorado,
including the divide mountain areas and Four Corners region in
the slight risk for excessive rainfall according to the WPC.

Today will be the third day of wetting rains and storms with
heavy rain potential. The flash flood risk is greater today than
the previous two days due to the threat for heavy rain on already
saturated ground. Areas of steep terrain become more susceptible
to flash flooding and runoff after a few days of wetting rains.
Due to the potential, decided to include all of eastern Utah and
western Colorado in a Flash Flood Watch for this afternoon and
evening as it will not take as much rain to get things going.
Another reason for going for a Flash Flood Watch today for all
areas is that we will also have some forcing to help act on the
moisture and trigger convection, perhaps some stronger storms. A
frontal boundary or shortwave trough of some sorts looks to move
through the CWA late this afternoon and evening, as indicated by
the frontogenesis signature, potential vorticity maximum, and low
to mid level convergence along this boundary (shown in 850-700mb
and 700-600mb streamlines). There is enough instability for
thunderstorm development with CAPE values near or exceeding 1000
J/kg. The shear is very weak but appears a little better up north
with a weak 30-40 kt jet enhancement which could indicate the
potential for a few stronger storms that could produce some small
hail in addition to the heavy rain. Convection today is expected
to be fairly widespread today with every storm seeing the
potential for heavy rain and frequent lightning. Also, expecting
slow storm motion as H7 winds remain light at 5 to 10 kts. Expect
most activity to end by midnight or shortly thereafter as drier
air moves in from the northwest behind that boundary and upper
level shortwave trough. The area to watch for stronger storms and
lingering convection will be the gradient between the moisture and
dry air as it works in late this evening.

Drier air will encompass much of the region by Saturday in a
northerly flow as high pressure builds back to the west over the
Great Basin, effectively shutting down the latest monsoonal
moisture surge. PW values decrease to less than 0.5 inches for all
areas except the south, where lingering moisture could lead to
afternoon storm development over the southern and central Colorado
mountains and adjacent southern valleys. Do, however, expect the
coverage to be much less on Saturday, enough so that the flash
flood threat will not be as widespread but more localized.

.LONG TERM...(Saturday night through Thursday)
Issued at 410 AM MDT Fri Jul 21 2017

Coverage of convection will decline over much of the forecast area
Sunday through at least early Monday as high pressure over the
Great Basin ushers drier air into the region. This drying trend
will result in a decrease in clouds and thunderstorm activity as
well as raise temperatures closer to seasonal norms. An exception
to the more benign weather will be over the higher terrain of
central and southern Colorado, where residual moisture will be
recycled each afternoon to keep the threat of diurnal convection
in the forecast.

Monday and into Tuesday, a Pacific trough will push inland across
California. The progression of the trough will allow the high
pressure to migrate east, opening the doors for the next influx of
moisture from down south. As this moisture is introduced into the
forecast area, the chance for showers and thunderstorms will
increase. However, discrepancies still exist in the extended models
around the midweek point on how early and how strong this moisture
is introduced, so extended PoPs remain on the conservative side
for the most part until better agreement exists. Did however
increase the trend of PoPs upward for Wednesday compared to
earlier in the week due to some model consensus on the moisture
increasing more around this time period. Something else of
interest is a 70kt upper level jet streak associated with the
aforementioned Pacific trough that moves through Utah and Wyoming
on Wednesday, leaving our CWA in the favored left exit region for
increasing chances of thunderstorm development. Something to keep
an eye on in future model runs if this ends up coming to fruition.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Saturday morning)
Issued at 410 AM MDT Fri Jul 21 2017

Some showers will linger through the morning hours but have
minimal impact on TAF sites with VFR conditions prevailing through
18Z. Expect scattered to numerous showers and thunderstorms this
afternoon and evening with heavy rain and frequent lightning the
primary concerns. Small hail and gusty outflow winds are possible
in the stronger storms. ILS breakpoints will be reached in heavier
showers with brief reductions to CIGS and VSBY. Most activity
should end by 06Z with a few light showers lingering through early
Saturday morning.

&&

.GJT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CO...Flash Flood Watch from noon MDT today through this evening for
     COZ001>014-017>023.

UT...Flash Flood Watch from noon MDT today through this evening for
     UTZ022>025-027>029.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...MDA
LONG TERM...MMS/MDA
AVIATION...MDA



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