Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Grand Junction, CO

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000
FXUS65 KGJT 221647
AFDGJT

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GRAND JUNCTION CO
1047 AM MDT FRI AUG 22 2014

.SHORT TERM...(TODAY THROUGH SATURDAY)
ISSUED AT 402 AM MDT FRI AUG 22 2014

THE PERSISTENT LOW OVER SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA HAS BEGUN TO EJECT AS
THE JET STREAM AROUND THE FEATURE NOW UNBALANCED AND STRONGER ON
THE THE EASTERN SIDE. LATEST MODELS IN GOOD AGREEMENT WITH RAP
ANALYSIS PLACING THE MID-LEVEL CENTER OVER WEST-CENTRAL ARIZONA.
THIS REPOSITIONING HAS OPENED THE DOOR TO SUBTROPICAL MOISTURE
WHICH HAS SURGED BACK INTO THE FOUR CORNERS REGION EARLY THIS
MORNING. DIVERGENCE ASSOCIATED WITH THE LEFT EXIT REGION OF A
65-70KT JET OVERRUNNING THE MOISTURE TONGUE APPEARED RESPONSIBLE
FOR THE BAND OF SHOWERS OVER SOUTHWEST COLORADO EARLY THIS
MORNING.

MODELS INDICATED THE MOISTURE AND SHOWERS WILL MOVE NORTHWARD THIS
MORNING AS THE LOW CENTER FILLS AND PUSHES TO NEAR THE FOUR
CORNERS. THE 70KT JET STREAK BECOMES ORIENTED ALONG A NORTH-SOUTH
LINE OVER WESTERN COLORADO AND WILL CONTINUE TO BE THE FOCUS FOR
SHOWERS AND ISOLATED THUNDERSTORMS BEFORE NOON. DURING THE
AFTERNOON THE LOW LIFTS INTO WESTERN COLORADO AS AN OPEN WAVE AND
THE JET TRANSLATES EASTWARD BECOMING ALIGNED WITH THE CONTINENTAL
DIVIDE. AS A RESULT...DIVERGENCE ALOFT SHIFTS TO THE FRONT RANGE.
BROAD LIFT AND UBIQUITOUS MOISTURE WILL PRODUCE WIDESPREAD SHOWERS
AND SCATTERED THUNDERSTORMS.

CLOUD COVER WILL SIGNIFICANTLY LIMIT INSOLATION DURING THE DAY SO
EXPECT AFTERNOON HIGHS WILL REMAIN RELATIVELY COOL FOR THIS TIME
OF YEAR. MILD TEMPERATURES WILL ALSO LIMIT INSTABILITY AND CAPE SO
EXPECT PRECIPITATION WILL BE LESS INTENSE. HOWEVER...PW VALUES
FROM 0.8 TO 0.95 SUFFICIENT FOR BROAD AREAS OF MODERATE RAIN WITH
POCKETS OF HEAVY RAIN. RAIN MAY GENERATE MUD OR DEBRIS FLOWS IN
STEEP TERRAIN BUT DO NOT SEE A POTENTIAL FOR SIGNIFICANT FLASH
FLOODING SO WILL NOT BE ISSUING AN FFA WITH THIS PACKAGE.

TODAY/S UPPER DISTURBANCE THAT ORIGINATED OVER SOUTHERN CA...WILL
CONTINUE ON ITS TREK TO THE NORTHEAST...PASSING OVER THE
NORTHWEST COLORADO DURING THE EVENING. THIS WILL KEEP THE EVENING
VERY CONVECTIVELY ACTIVE...ESPECIALLY NORTH OF INTERSTATE 70 WHERE
ACTIVITY WILL PEAK DURING THE EARLY-MID EVENING HOURS. HEAVY RAIN
WILL CONTINUE TO BE A CONCERN...ESPECIALLY WITH SOILS SATURATED IN
MANY LOCATIONS DUE TO RECENT RAIN. IN THE SOUTH CONVERSELY...THE
AIR MASS WILL BECOME MORE STABLE BEHIND THE WAVE WITH SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS DIMINISHING FROM SOUTH TO NORTH...ESPECIALLY ONCE
DIURNAL HEATING SUBSIDES.

BY LATE TONIGHT/EARLY SATURDAY...THE NEXT SYSTEM WILL APPROACH.
THE NAM SHOWS HARDLY A BREAK BETWEEN THE EXITING WAVE...AND A
NORTHWEST ORIGINATING SHORTWAVE ROTATING AROUND THE BASE OF A
LONGER-WAVE TROUGH OVER THE WESTERN STATES AND SOUTHWEST CANADA.
THEREFORE NOCTURNAL SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS WILL PERSIST THROUGH
THE LATE NIGHT HOURS...ESPECIALLY OVER THE NORTH. THE PASSAGE OF
THE SHORTWAVE WILL BE WELL TIMED TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE DAYTIME
HEATING...SO ACTIVITY WILL INCREASE AND SPREAD SOUTHWARD DURING
THE DAY ON SAT. ALSO BY SAT AFTERNOON THE UPPER JET ADDS SUPPORT
AS A 70-80KT SPEED MAX PASSES OVER NORTHEAST UT AND NORTHWEST CO.
WITH THE BEST ENERGY IN THE NORTH...THAT AREA WILL REMAIN FAVORED.
THE STRONGER FLOW WILL KEEP STORMS MOVING ALONG...SO HEAVY RAIN
NOT AS MUCH OF A CONCERN. TEMPERATURES WILL REMAIN BELOW NORMAL
DUE TO CLOUDS/PCPN.

.LONG TERM...(SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY)
ISSUED AT 402 AM MDT FRI AUG 22 2014

SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS WILL PERSIST...BEFORE WINDING DOWN MID
TO LATE SAT EVENING AS DRIER AND MORE STABLE CONDITIONS MOVE IN
BEHIND THE SHORTWAVE. MODELS CONTINUE TO SHOW SUNDAY AS A MUCH
DRIER DAY THAN WE HAVE SEEN FOR QUITE AWHILE. TEMPERATURES ARE
PROGGED TO MODESTLY INCREASE WITH DEWPOINTS DROPPING AROUND 8-10 F
DEGREES BY MAX HEATING SUNDAY. THERE COULD STILL BE SOME DIURNAL
CONVECTION OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN...BUT ANY THAT DOES FIRE WILL
BE ISOLATED IN NATURE.

ECMWF AND GFS40 SIMILAR ON MONDAY WITH NEXT SHORTWAVE ROTATING
THROUGH THE BASE OF THE LONGWAVE TROUGH OVER THE WEST SHIFTING TO
THE GREAT BASIN. CONSEQUENTLY...EXPECTING A FAIRLY ACTIVE DAY
WITH SCATTERED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS MUCH OF THE
FORECAST AREA. HOWEVER...MODELS CONTINUED TO STRUGGLE WITH
MOVEMENT OF THE SHORTWAVE DURING THE LATTER PART OF THE WEEK. GFS
SUGGESTS THE TROUGH AXIS PASSES EASTWARD ACROSS THE AREA TUESDAY
WITH DRY NORTHWEST FLOW SETTLING OVER THE REGION...VEERING TO A
MORE WESTERLY DIRECTION LATER IN THE WEEK. IN CONTRAST...THE ECMWF
WAS MUCH MORE DELIBERATE MOVING THE WAVE FROM THE GREAT BASIN TO A
POSITION JUST EAST OF THE FORECAST AREA BY LATE THURSDAY. AS A
RESULT...ECMWF SOLUTION WETTER AND COOLER. GIVEN MODEL DIFFERENCES
WILL CONTINUE TO TRY TO STRIKE A BALANCE BETWEEN THE TWO.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 18Z TAFS THROUGH 18Z SATURDAY AFTERNOON)
ISSUED AT 1037 AM MDT FRI AUG 22 2014

MONSOONAL MOISTURE WILL CONTINUE TO FLOW INTO THE AREA FROM THE
SOUTH THROUGH THE NEXT 24 HOURS...MAINLY OVER WESTERN CO. EXPECT
PERIODS OF MOUNTAIN OBSCURATION OVER CO WITH NUMEROUS SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS. FLIGHT CATEGORIES WILL LIKELY FALL INTO THE MVFR
RANGE DUE TO HEAVY RAIN AT THE WESTERN CO TAF SITES AND MOST
WESTERN CO AIRPORTS. STRONGER CELLS MAY DRIVE VSBY INTO THE IFR
RANGE WITH MVFR CIGS. OVER EASTERN UT...SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS
WILL BE SCATTERED WITH SIGNIFICANTLY LESS CHANCE FOR AIRPORT
IMPACTS FROM THUNDERSTORMS. SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS WILL
CONTINUE OVERNIGHT WITH THE FOCUS SHIFTING TO THE NORTH.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
ISSUED AT 402 AM MDT FRI AUG 22 2014

MOISTURE WILL INCREASE TODAY AS A DISTURBANCE FROM THE SOUTHWEST
MOVES ACROSS INTO AREA. AS A RESULT...SHOWERS HAVE MOVED UP FROM
THE SOUTH INTO SOUTHEAST UTAH AND SOUTHWEST COLORADO EARLY THIS
MORNING. THESE SHOWERS WILL BECOME MORE CONVECTIVE WITH
THUNDERSTORMS DEVELOPING BY MID TO LATE MORNING...AND WILL SPREAD
NORTHWARD THROUGHOUT THE DAY. BY LATE IN THE DAY SCATTERED TO
NUMEROUS SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS WILL BLANKET MOST OF THE
CWA...FAVORING THE HIGHER TERRAIN. SOME OF THESE STORMS MAY
PRODUCE MODERATE TO HEAVY RAIN. DUE TO THE RECENT RAINFALL...SOILS
MAY QUICKLY BECOME SATURATED FOR LOCALIZED FLOODING OR MUD AND
DEBRIS FLOWS ON AREA ROADWAYS.

&&

.GJT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CO...NONE.
UT...NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...NL/EH
LONG TERM...EH/NL
AVIATION...CC
HYDROLOGY...EH



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