Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Twin Cities, MN

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000
FXUS63 KMPX 111030
AFDMPX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TWIN CITIES/CHANHASSEN MN
430 AM CST THU FEB 11 2016

.UPDATED FOR 12Z AVIATION DISCUSSION...
ISSUED AT 427 AM CST THU FEB 11 201

&&

.SHORT TERM...(TODAY AND TONIGHT)
ISSUED AT 332 AM CST THU FEB 11 2016

HIGH PRESSURE WILL DOMINATE THE FORECAST KEEPING MOST OF THE REGION
DRY AND COOL WITH RELATIVELY LIGHT WINDS. LATER TODAY ANOTHER BAND
OF LIGHT SNOW IS FORECAST TO MOVE ACROSS SOUTHWEST MINNESOTA...BUT
THIS BAND SHOULD BE LESS INTENSE THAN THE ONE FROM WEDNESDAY.

IT WAS A CHILLY NIGHT ACROSS THE REGION AS HIGH PRESSURE...COLD
AIR...AND LIGHT WINDS ALLOWED TEMPERATURES TO FALL INTO THE DOUBLE
DIGITS BELOW ZERO ACROSS AREAS OF WESTERN WISCONSIN. MEANWHILE MOST
LOCATIONS IN MINNESOTA WERE NEAR OR BELOW ZERO AS WELL. LATER TODAY
WEAK PV ANOMALY CURRENTLY LOCATED OVER MONTANA WILL SLIDE SOUTHEAST
ALONG THE MISSOURI RIVER BASIN. ISENTROPIC ASCENT AHEAD OF THIS PV
ANOMALY WILL LEAD TO ANOTHER AREA OF LIGHT SNOW SIMILAR TO WHAT FELL
ON WEDNESDAY ACROSS SOUTHWEST MINNESOTA. HOWEVER...THE THERMAL
GRADIENT IS MUCH LOOSER WITH THIS SYSTEM...AND THE WINDS ARE
LIGHT...SO DO NOT EXPECT AS MUCH OF A RESPONSE FROM THE ATMOSPHERE
IN TERMS OF VERTICAL MOTION. FORECAST SOUNDINGS SUPPORT THIS
CLAIM...AND SHOW VERY WEAK ASCENT WHEN COMPARED TO WEDNESDAY/S
SYSTEM. THEREFORE HAVE LOWER PRECIP CHANCES AND SNOWFALL
TOTALS...WITH GENERALLY LESS THAN A HALF AN INCH EXPECTED IN THE FAR
SOUTHWEST PART OF THE FORECAST AREA. THE SNOW WILL END
OVERNIGHT...AND TEMPERATURES WILL FALL TO NEAR ZERO FOR MOST
LOCATIONS.

.LONG TERM...(FRIDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY)
ISSUED AT 332 AM CST THU FEB 11 2016

THE MAIN FOCUS FOR THE LONG TERM PERIOD CONTINUES TO BE ON THE
BITTER COLD FRIDAY NIGHT FOLLOWED BY A COUPLE SYSTEMS TO PRODUCE
ACCUMULATING SNOW.

AS HAS BEEN ADVERTISED WELL DURING THE LAST SEVERAL DAYS...A
1040-1045 MB HIGH WILL BUILD SOUTH OUT OF THE ARCTIC AND SETTLE
OVER MINNESOTA FRIDAY NIGHT AS A DEEP TROUGH DIGS INTO NEW
ENGLAND. WITH THE RIDGE AXIS DIRECTLY OVERHEAD...THINK THE MODELS
CONTINUE TO OVEREMPHASIZE THE WIND OVER MN. THIS WOULD ALLOW
TEMPERATURES TO PLUMMET INTO THE TEENS AND 20S BELOW ZERO ACROSS
THE SOUTHERN HALF OF MN...AND 30S BELOW ZERO OVER THE NORTH HALF.
WILL NEED TO KEEP AN EYE ON THE POTENTIAL FOR CIRRUS STREAMING IN
FROM THE NORTHWEST OVERNIGHT HOWEVER...WHICH COULD ALSO HAVE A
SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON TEMPERATURES. A DECENT PRESSURE GRADIENT
MAY KEEP THE WIND FROM FULLY DECOUPLING OVER WI...EXCEPT FOR THE
TYPICALLY COLDER SHELTERED LOCATIONS. STILL BELIEVE WINDS WILL BE
LIGHT ENOUGH THAT WIND CHILL HEADLINES WON/T BE NECESSARY ALTHOUGH
BRIEF INSTANCES OF WIND CHILL ADVISORY CRITERIA /-25F/ COULD BE
MET AT TIMES. THE RIDGE WILL SHIFT EASTWARD SATURDAY ALLOWING A
RETURN FLOW TO BEGIN ACROSS THE PLAINS AND WESTERN MN. IT MAY HANG
ON LONG ENOUGH ACROSS WRN WI FOR TEMPERATURES TO DROP QUICKLY
SATURDAY EVENING BEFORE CLOUDS AND WIND INCREASE OVERNIGHT.

TWO SOMEWHAT PHASED DISTURBANCES EMBEDDED IN THE WEST NORTHWEST
FLOW WILL EMERGE OVER THE PLAINS SATURDAY NIGHT. ONE LOCATED JUST
NORTH OF THE CANADIAN BORDER AND THE OTHER OVER NORTHERN NEBRASKA
WILL GENERATE TWO AREAS OF SNOW. GFS HAS BEEN PHASING THESE
DISTURBANCES THE BEST AND HAS A LARGER NORTH-SOUTH SWATH OF SNOW
PROPAGATING ACROSS THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY SUNDAY. THE
NAM...GEM...AND ECMWF ARE NOT QUITE AS PHASED AND HAVE A GREATER
EMPHASIS ON THE SOUTHERN WAVE. THE SOUTHERN WAVE DOES WEAKEN AND
SINK SOUTHEAST WITH TIME...SO THIS SOLUTION MAY LEAD NORTHERN AND
PORTIONS OF CENTRAL MN...AND WISCONSIN WITH ONLY MINOR SNOW
ACCUMULATIONS. HOWEVER...ALL MODELS CONTINUE TO SHOW POTENTIAL FOR
SEVERAL INCHES ACROSS SRN AND WRN MN WITH BETWEEN 1/4-1/3 INCH OF
QPF. INCREASED POPS TO LIKELY OR CATEGORICAL IN THOSE AREAS...AND
MAINTAINED CHC POPS FURTHER NORTH AND EAST.

NORTHWEST FLOW CONTINUES INTO NEXT WEEK WITH ANOTHER WAVE REACHING
THE UPPER MIDWEST IN THE TUESDAY/WEDNESDAY TIME FRAME. ECMWF
REMAINS THE STRONGEST...ALTHOUGH NOT AS STRONG AS THE 10.00Z RUN.
NEVERTHELESS...COULD BE LOOKING AT ANOTHER ACCUMULATING SNOW
EVENT NEARBY WITH THAT.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 12Z TAFS THROUGH 12Z FRIDAY MORNING)
ISSUED AT 427 AM CST THU FEB 11 2016

MAINLY VFR CONDITIONS...BUT A BAND OF LIGHT SNOW WILL DEVELOP
ACROSS SOUTHWEST MINNESOTA AND COULD AFFECT KRWF. IN
ADDITION...SOME MVFR CLOUDS ARE POSSIBLE AS WELL LATER THIS
EVENING AS A COLD FRONT MOVES THOUGH THE REGION...BUT THEY SHOULD
BREAK UP BY FRIDAY MORNING. WINDS WILL BE LIGHT AND VARIABLE.

KMSP...
MAIN CONCERN IS THE POTENTIAL FOR MVFR CLOUDS LATER THIS EVENING
AS A COLD FRONT MOVES THROUGH. OTHER THAN THAT EXPECT VFR
CONDITIONS WITH LIGHT WINDS.

/OUTLOOK FOR KMSP/
FRI...VFR. WIND NW 12G20KTS.
SAT...VFR. WIND VRB03KTS.
SUN...MVFR/IFR WITH -SN LIKELY. WIND S 15 KT.

&&

.MPX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
WI...NONE.
MN...NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...JRB
LONG TERM...BORGHOFF
AVIATION...JRB


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