Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Oklahoma City, OK
FXUS64 KOUN 241942
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Norman OK
242 PM CDT TUE MAY 24 2016
The primary focus of this discussion will be on strong to severe
thunderstorm chances this afternoon and evening.
Currently, 19z surface analysis reveals a weak outflow boundary from
the remnant convection that existed across southern Kansas earlier
this morning. This boundary has slowly pushed into northern
Oklahoma, becoming the focus for scattered thunderstorm development.
At the same time, a dryline continues to strengthen over the
Oklahoma and Texas Panhandles. Ahead of each of these boundaries, a
warm moist boundary layer remains in place; surface dew points are
well into the upper 60s and lower 70s. Additionally, low level
scattered to broken stratus remains in place across the region. The
24/19z sounding is currently coming in and still shows a modest
capping inversion over the region. However, it will continue to
weaken given moisture and heating taking place. In response to the
combination of the focus from the outflow and increased instability,
scattered thunderstorms will continue to fire in north central
Oklahoma. Expect this initial, early afternoon convection to persist
and remain focused in north central Oklahoma. Large damaging hail
will be the primary concern with this activity. However, given the
surface dew points in the low 70s, LCLs are obviously very low, and
although low level and deep layer shear isn`t overly impressive, a
strong updraft could easily modify the environment around it and
result in intense rotational updrafts.
Late afternoon into the evening, copious amounts of instability
continue to reside across the region, ahead of the dryline and
outflow boundary. MLCAPE values from the SPC mesoanalysis are well
over 3000 J/Kg, which is probably fairly accurate given the 70 F
surface dewpoints and a quick glance at the not quite finished
24/19z sounding. As mentioned above, deep layer shear through the
mid to late afternoon isn`t strong, but with the influence from the
approaching 500mb short wave feature across the Four Corners
(evident on WV), increasing mid-level winds will result in 0-6 Km
shear increasing across the region. Deep layer shear will range
anywhere from 35 to 45 kts ahead of the dryline, across western
Oklahoma. Model soundings from near the intersection of the dryline
and outflow boundary in northwestern Oklahoma reveal enhancement of
low level wind shear through the late afternoon hours, with values 20
to 30 kts, and 0-1 km SRH of 225 to 325 m2/s2. Storms that fire near
the intersection of these two boundaries and even farther south
along the dryline will easily produce strong rotating updrafts,
supportive of large damaging hail and the possibility of tornadoes.
The greatest concern will exist through from late afternoon through
sunset across northwestern Oklahoma. Across northern Oklahoma,
expect isolated to scattered thunderstorms to continue to fire along
the outflow into the evening. Although the tornado potential will be
lower for this activity, it`s still possible given any localized
enhancement of low level shear and low lcls, tornado development
Evening and overnight, near or after sunset, with decent 500mb
westerly flow, expect storms to move much more efficiently eastward
than the previous days. Storms will gradually form into one or more
clusters or potentially a line through the mid to late evening. This
remaining convection as it pushes eastward will likely reach central
Oklahoma by 9 to 10 PM, still capable of producing large hail,
damaging winds, locally heavy rainfall, and a low chance of a few
tornadoes. After midnight, scattered thunderstorms will likely
linger across portions of central Oklahoma before finally pushing
eastward through the early morning hours.
Additionally, given the excessive rainfall across southwestern
Oklahoma and western north Texas and possibility of additional
rainfall tonight, although light in many places, will continue to
run with a Flood Watch through 25/12Z.
Active pattern continues through the end of the week. Wednesday
could be a down day, but some recovery over western and southern
Oklahoma may result in a low chance of isolated to scattered
thunderstorms, a few of which may pose a risk for hail to the size
of golf balls. Severe thunderstorm chances will be greatest on
Thursday as a strong dryline will push into western Oklahoma and
western north Texas, with ample shear and instability prevalent.
Strong rotating updrafts are expected, supportive of large damaging
hail, damaging wind gusts, locally heavy rainfall, and tornadoes.
Stay safe and keep up to date with the latest forecasts.
.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
Oklahoma City OK 68 86 71 84 / 50 20 10 40
Hobart OK 70 91 69 88 / 40 20 10 50
Wichita Falls TX 72 90 72 87 / 20 20 10 50
Gage OK 63 93 62 90 / 50 0 0 30
Ponca City OK 69 89 71 86 / 50 10 10 40
Durant OK 70 84 71 82 / 50 20 20 40
OK...Flood Watch through Wednesday morning for OKZ021>023-027-033>039-
TX...Flood Watch through Wednesday morning for TXZ083>090.