Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Oklahoma City, OK

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FXUS64 KOUN 191602

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Norman OK
1102 AM CDT FRI AUG 19 2016

A small area of showers and thunderstorms is producing locally
heavy rainfall across part of western north Texas this morning.
This activity appears to be closely related to an area of slightly
stronger 85h winds and better mid-level moisture. Expect this
area will continue to lift northeast into southern Oklahoma
through the afternoon with some weakening likely.

The sky is generally clear north and west of I-44 which will allow
for strong heating into the afternoon. Several models develop
storms along a prefrontal trough in northwest Oklahoma by mid
to late afternoon with additional storms developing along a cold
front. Decent directional shear and moderate instability may
result in a few strong to severe storms mainly through midnight.


.PREV DISCUSSION... /issued 649 AM CDT FRI AUG 19 2016/

Aviation discussion for the 12 UTC TAFs is below.

The aviation forecast remains challenging.

MVFR or lower conditions will affect locations east of KLTS-KCSM-
KPNC through 18 UTC. The lowest conditions near airport minimums
are expected near KLAW and KOUN before 14 UTC. Conditions will
improve 14-18 UTC and most, if not, all sites, should be VFR by
18 UTC.

Sped up the timing of SHRA near KSPS to occur 14-17 UTC as
confidence of occurrence is moderate at this site during this

Additional SHRA/TSRA mainly near and ahead of a cold front will
affect the area mainly after 23 UTC. The timing of SHRA/TSRA and
cold front remains uncertain. Variable gusty surface winds and
MVFR or lower conditions are possible with SHRA/TSRA. Have
SHRA/TSRA mention including TEMPOs at most sites.


PREV DISCUSSION... /issued 356 AM CDT FRI AUG 19 2016/

Rain chances, heavy rainfall, and strong to severe thunderstorm potential
today and tonight are the main concerns.

This morning, think most locations will remain rainfree. Kept the
greatest rain chances southeast of a Wichita Falls to Ada line
where RAP13 forecast precipitable water values of 1.6-2.1" are
located. Many latest model guidance members have been hinting at
the highest QPF totals this morning in these areas, though these
may be overdone as the air may be too stable from yesterday`s
convection with latest RAP13 analysis only depicting MUCAPE
250-1000 J/kg in these areas. Any shower or storm could produce
locally heavy rainfall as they would move rather slowly.

Some fog may also occur this morning across the area, but did not
mention thinking the low level winds are just strong enough to
keep the air slightly mixed and prevent visibilities to falling
3 miles or less in most locations.

This afternoon, isolated to numerous showers and thunderstorms
will occur across the area, so kept 20-60% rain chances. Two
areas of focus for storms include the cold front in northwestern
Oklahoma as well as the high PW area south of the line mentioned
in the this morning`s paragraph. Storms in northern Oklahoma near
the front have a greater chance of being strong to severe as 0-6
km shear will be stronger in these areas, 20-30 kt, which would
support multicells favoring a few reports of damaging winds up to
70 mph as the boundary layer should be hotter and deeply mixed with
DCAPE values 1000-1500 J/kg. Hail potential should remain rather
low due high wet bulb zero levels above 10000 ft AGL and marginal
shear/fairly weak mid level lapse rates generally under 6.5deg/C.
In southern Oklahoma and north Texas, weaker shear and slower
storm motion with higher PW values favor locally heavy rainfall
and possibly flooding with storms.

Tonight, storm clusters should continue and be maintained by an
increasing low level jet, though severe potential should diminish
rather rapidly after sunset. Locally heavy rainfall of 1 to 2
inches and flooding in small areas will be the biggest concern
with storms as PW values climb to near 2 inches near and ahead of
the approaching cold front. East west bands of training storms
would support the heaviest rainfall potential. However, not sure
all locations will get wet. Model guidance rain chances in the
40-70% were maintained.

Saturday, rain chances will linger over southern Oklahoma and
north Texas near the front where locally heavy rainfall may occur.
Otherwise, drier and cooler air will move into northern Oklahoma.
Unseasonably cool high temperatures are forecast with highs mainly
in the lower to mid 80s. Cloud cover and rain may keep highs below
80 degrees in some locations.

Saturday night into Sunday, drier air will keep pushing south.
Several locations in Oklahoma, especially northern Oklahoma, may
will likely fall into the 50s Saturday night. Cooler than average
temperatures will continue on Sunday with highs mainly in the 80s.
Kept low rain chances during this time frame near and south of the
Red River closer to the front.

Sunday night through Thursday, a wetter and cooler weather pattern
can be expected. Locally heavy rainfall could be a concern. Severe
weather potential appears to be rather low due to weak shear.



Oklahoma City OK  88  68  82  61 /  20  60  40  10
Hobart OK         91  68  85  61 /  20  60  30  10
Wichita Falls TX  87  70  86  65 /  60  50  60  30
Gage OK           92  62  83  55 /  30  60  10  10
Ponca City OK     90  68  81  58 /  40  70  20  10
Durant OK         85  71  85  65 /  70  60  70  40


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