Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Midland/Odessa, TX

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000
FXUS64 KMAF 280537
AFDMAF

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MIDLAND/ODESSA TX
1237 AM CDT Thu May 28 2015

.DISCUSSION...

See 06Z Aviation Discussion below.

&&

.AVIATION...

Latest sfc obs show moisture/dryline backed all the way up against
the mtns, making for a muggy night. Earlier convection continues
to wane, but models redevelop activity Thursday as a few minor
shortwaves move thru SW flow aloft to initiate things. Meanwhile,
forecast soundings develop a fairly widespread stratus deck over
the next few hours, w/IFR cigs forming at KMAF/KHOB/KINK, and MVFR
at KCNM/KFST. This will dissapate by late morning, to be replaced
by a cu field w/bases 2-9 kft agl. Models are all over the place
w/convection, so we`ll not insert it unless needed.

&&

PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 247 PM CDT Wed May 27 2015/

DISCUSSION...

The dryline is along the terrain of the Davis and Guadalupe
Mountains this afternoon.  An upper level trough is over the western
conus with the CWA under west to southwest flow aloft.  A surface
trough is developing across far West Texas and a shortwave trough is
expected to move over the area later this afternoon.  Upper level
lift is expected to be rather impressive later today according to
the NAM80 with 500 mb omega values enhanced over the Trans Pecos and
a vorticity maximum over this same area.  Mid-level lapse rates will
be good this afternoon and early evening with values of 8+ degrees
C/km for some places.  Surface CAPE values according to the NAM12
are very impressive this afternoon with many places having values of
4000+ J/kg.  Bulk shear values of 35 - 40 kts on the NAM12 in
addition to the previously mentioned conditions will be sufficient
for severe thunderstorms to develop beginning this afternoon.  High
temperatures for today are expected to be similar to yesterday.

The storms that develop today are expected to continue into the
overnight period.  CAPE values will decrease throughout the night
but will still remain good, and upper lift will still be enhanced
over the area as shortwaves move overhead so severe storms will
remain possible through the night.  Mid-level lapse rates will be 8+
degrees C/km across a large portion of the area by 12z Thursday
providing great instability.  It is possible that an MCS similar to
Monday morning could develop during the early to mid morning hours
on Thursday.  Severe weather will likely develop/continue into
Thursday afternoon given good mid-level lapse rates, widespread CAPE
values of 4000+ J/kg, and sufficient bulk shear.  Storm development
during the afternoon hours on Thursday will depend on whatever
develops during the early morning hours and the
boundaries/conditions left as a result of this convection.  The 12z
run of the NAM12 doesn`t have any precipitation across the CWA at
06z Friday, but both the GFS and ECMWF indicate very heavy precip
across the eastern half of the CWA at this time.  Might need a Flash
Flood Watch for this time period but do not have enough confidence
to issue one at this point.

Rain and storm chances will decrease by Friday afternoon but will
still be possible given that a dryline will be present.  A cold
front associated with an upper trough moving over the Upper Midwest
will push into the CWA Saturday morning.  Lift along this front will
once again increase precipitation chances across the area for
Saturday.  Highs on Saturday will cool into the mid 70s to mid 80s
across the area as a result of this front and the associated
precipitation.  Rain and storms will remain possible across the
higher terrain on Sunday afternoon as a result of the front.
Temperatures on Sunday are expected to remain cool as the surface
ridge will be across the area.  Rain chances will still be present
but will significantly decrease Monday through Wednesday of next
week as an upper ridge builds over the region.  Temperatures will
also increase to near normal values during this time.

&&

.MAF WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NM...NONE.
TX...NONE.

&&

$$

44

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