Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Jackson, KY

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FXUS63 KJKL 280745

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Jackson KY
345 AM EDT SAT MAY 28 2016

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Sunday)
Issued at 345 AM EDT SAT MAY 28 2016

07z SFC analysis shows that eastern Kentucky is in an area of
relative high pressure while seasonably deep low pressure is found
over the plains states, to the west. Despite the high in place,
conditions remain rather muggy and prone to convection, though the
activity over the area ended earlier in the evening while it
continued through central Kentucky a few hours longer. The thicker
mid and high level clouds over eastern Kentucky are starting to
erode, but so far this has delayed the development of fog this
night, though clearer patches in the far east will likely allow
for it there earlier than the rest of the area. Many places under
the thicker clouds are having a balmy night with temperatures in
the low 70s while mid and upper 60s are seen elsewhere. Dewpoints,
meanwhile, are in the muggy low to mid 60s throughout the CWA with
winds light from the southeast. Will monitor the clearing and any
subsequent fog development through the rest of the night for
possible inclusion in the HWO and/or an SPS.

The models are in good agreement aloft and synoptically through
the short term forecast, though mesoscale features will have a
bigger effect on the forecast than any particular long wave system
in this pattern. As it stands, East Kentucky will be in the midst
of mid level ridging with intrusions from short wave energy
brushing by to the northwest in conjunction with a trough lifting
north-northeast into the western Great Lakes on Sunday. At the
same time, energy associated with a possible landfalling
depression or tropical storm on Sunday may progress northeast
enough to affect far eastern parts of the forecast area. Given the
model similarity have gone with a blended solution, but leaned
toward the details from the HRRR and NAM12 most heavily.

Sensible weather will feature a mainly diurnally driven convective
cycle over the area with the northwestern parts of the area
favored today. However, the best chances tonight will fall to the
eastern parts of the CWA and this continues into the day Sunday
loosely related to the tropical system approaching the South
Carolina coast. Otherwise, look for patchy valley fog late tonight
and early both mornings. Generally light winds will provide little
cooling both afternoons as readings peak in the low to mid 80s
along with sticky humidity levels. Any storms that develop
through the weekend should have plenty of instability to help them
sprout as well as moderate PWATs to yield a potential for heavy
rains. Will add this mention to the forthcoming HWO.

Used the ShortBlend and CONSShort as a starting point for most of
the weather elements with minor adjustments to temperatures at
night anticipating a small ridge to valley split outside of areas
of lingering showers or thick clouds. Also, upped temps a notch
today and Sunday seeing the guidance as overly influenced by
relatively small chances of rain. As for PoPs, ended up on the
low side of all the guidance owing to a lack of organization to
the convection both today and Sunday and expecting mainly spotty

.LONG TERM...(Sunday night through Friday)
Issued at 340 AM EDT SAT MAY 28 2016

At upper levels, a shortwave trough will be passing well to our
north at the start of the period. East Kentucky will be influenced
by general troughiness on Monday before ridging builds into the
area Monday night. The upper ridge is expected to shift off to the
east and strengthen turning the flow to the southwest by
Wednesday. This southwest flow will help usher in additional
moisture. A northern stream trough will make its way towards the
Ohio Valley during the latter half of the week with rounds of
energy lifting into Kentucky along the upper level trough axis
through the remainder of the period.

At the surface, a tropical disturbance will slowly move northward
along the Carolina coastline on Monday. In previous model runs, this
disturbance moved a bit further inland. But the most recent runs of
both the GFS and ECMWF keep the feature along the coastline. This
may allow for a couple of dry days in East Kentucky during the first
half of next week, mainly Monday night through Tuesday. High
pressure will build into the region these days potentially keeping
daytime shower activity at bay. However, rain will return for the
second half of the week as a cold front approaches the region. More
widespread shower and thunderstorm activity will be possible along
and ahead of the front starting Wednesday afternoon. Active weather
will continue through the end of the period and into the following
weekend as another potential surface low pressure system forms in
the Gulf and lifts into our area by Saturday.

Temperatures will remain on the warm side, in the lower 80s, through
the first half of the work week. A cold front will move through the
region on Friday, allowing temperatures to cool down to below normal
values. Low temperatures each night will be in the lower 60s.


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Saturday night)

Some MVFR fog will be possible through the rest of the night,
though mostly cloudy skies and light southeast winds should limit
it to just in the valleys and areas that saw heavier rainfall.
Any fog will burn off by around 12z, with a return of scattered
convection for Saturday afternoon. Light south to southeast winds
will gradually veer to the southwest through Saturday.


.JKL Watches/Warnings/Advisories...


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