Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Bismarck, ND

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FXUS63 KBIS 290845

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Bismarck ND
345 AM CDT FRI JUL 29 2016

.SHORT TERM...(Today and tonight)
Issued at 316 AM CDT Fri Jul 29 2016

At 3 am CDT areas of fog have formed across southwest North Dakota
in weak upslope flow where skies initially cleared early this
morning. Will expand the fog westward with time to the Montana
border north to Beach for the morning.

Today, an h500 trough will move through the northern plains in
northwest weak flow aloft. Surface high pressure across the
eastern Dakotas and Minnesota will help develop a low level
southeast flow that will bring additional moisture into the
region on increasing southerly h850 wind. The global models
generate scattered thunderstorms across south central North Dakota
today then diminish the chance tonight as the h500 wave moves
east. Populated with 20 to 30 percent chance of thunderstorms,
which may start out as showers at first as the instability is
limited and the shear weak.

As such severe weather is not expected. Highs friday will be in
the 70s to around 80 with lows tonight in the 50s.

.LONG TERM...(Saturday through Thursday)
Issued at 316 AM CDT Fri Jul 29 2016

Increasing chances for thunderstorms Sunday into early portions
of next week will highlight the long term period.

An upper level shortwave ridge should be building over North Dakota
on Saturday upstream of an upper level trough developing over
British Columbia. Look for highs from the lower 80s in the Turtle
Mountains and James the upper 80s in western North
Dakota. By Saturday night the ridge flattens with the approach of
the BC trough as it tracks east across the Rockies. A southerly low
level jet develops through the western plains, and a leading upper
level impulse tracking east across the Dakotas will provide enough
instability for a chance of thunderstorms Saturday afternoon and
night over mainly central North Dakota. CAPE values from the 00z Nam
are around 1000-2000+ J/kg with up to 35 knots of shear would
suggest some stronger storms possible, but the best instability and
shear are farther south from western South Dakota to Nebraska.

On Sunday the upper low/trough moves east across Saskatchewan and
into Manitoba, with a surface trough/warm front entering western
North Dakota Sunday afternoon, followed by a cold front Sunday
night. The low level jet strengthens ahead of the system, bringing
warm and humid air through the Dakotas and into central Canada. Look
for high temperatures from the mid 80s to mid 90s, with surface
dewpoints rising into the upper 60s/lower 70s. Models are depicting
3000-5000+ J/Kg of CAPE and 30-40 knots of bulk shear. The Storm
Prediction Center`s Day 3 Outlook (for Sunday) includes a mention of
a marginal risk of severe thunderstorms for nearly all of North
Dakota. Sunday afternoon through Sunday night appear to be the best
timing of thunderstorms, with chances of thunderstorms well over 50
percent for much of central North Dakota.

The upper level low continues moving east into Manitoba on Monday.
Keeping a mention of thunderstorms in central North Dakota Monday
with the zonal flow aloft.

Chances for thunderstorms increase again Tuesday night and
Wednesday as another upper low/trough digs into WA/BC Tuesday
morning and moves across southern Alberta/Saskatchewan on Wednesday.
This system brings another surface cold front across North Dakota on
Wednesday, with highs in the 70s to lower 80s Wednesday and Thursday.

Dry with a slow warming trend for the end of the week with upper
level ridging ahead of yet another upper level low/trough moving
into British Columbia.


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Friday night)
Issued at 316 AM CDT Fri Jul 29 2016

Fog and some MVFR and IFR stratus had developed over southwestern
North Dakota, developing in place and expanding from western South
Dakota. The fog and stratus had also expanded into Baker Montana.
The fog was mainly affecting Hettinger and Bowman at 3 am cdt, but
will likely be amending the KDIK taf as VFR clouds there have
cleared and latest satellite loops indicate the fog and stratus
expanding northward towards KDIK.

Still maintaining VFR cigs at KBIS, KMOT and KJMS with lingering VFR
cloud deck inhibiting the fog/stratus formation. It appears KISN
should remain VFR, but will continue to monitor IFR/MVFR cloud

Later today, conditions should be VFR across western and central
North Dakota.


.BIS Watches/Warnings/Advisories...


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