Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Goodland, KS

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810
FXUS63 KGLD 182339
AFDGLD

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Goodland KS
539 PM MDT Tue Jul 18 2017

.SHORT TERM...(This afternoon through Wednesday)
Issued at 208 PM MDT Tue Jul 18 2017

Large scale ridge extents from the southwest US, across the Central
High Plains, and into the southern Mississippi River Valley. A plume
of monsoonal moisture is shown on WV imagery to be rotating through
the western extent of this ridge and into the Central Rockies.

This afternoon-tonight: A front stalled over the Nebraska Panhandle
may shift south slightly in response to a mid level shortwave
associated with monsoonal flow riding the northern part of the ridge.
This should remain north of our CWA, but the increased forcing may
combine with weak convergence along surface trough in our northwest
to kick off thunderstorm activity. CINh has already weakened in this
region and a shallow CU field has developed. RAP analysis support ML
CAPE in excess of 2000 J/KG and PWATs around 1-1.3" range. Shear is
less impressive, so once again localized heavy rain and pulse
thunderstorms are favored (hail/wind). Thunderstorm activity is
shown by high res guidance to drift to the southeast which takes it
away from better instability, but does raise the possibility for
showers/thunderstorms further south and east than originally
anticipated. I made adjustments to account for these trends.

Wednesday: Ridge shifts just a little further north and we should
see subsidence in place and a less favorable pattern for possible
afternoon thunderstorm development. Guidance is in line with this
shift in pattern, and keeps conditions dry over our CWA.

Regarding Temperatures/Heat Advisory: We have yet to reach
advisory criteria over most locations in advised area, but it is
getting close and a few locations are just now starting to reach.
There is an upward trend in temps in line with forecast, and Tds
are remaining high in our east. No changes planned as heat index
values 103-105 (a few higher) still appear likely across advised
area. Overnight lows remain mild, but heat indices should decrease
below 75 (may be close in our far east), so a decision was made
not to extend advisory overnight. Tds may be a little lower on
Wed, but temperatures will not be much different (upper 90s/lower
100s). Result should be 103-105 heat index values confined in our
north and east, and I issued another Heat Advisory for Wed
afternoon/early evening at favored locations. I am less confidence
further west and south.

.LONG TERM...(Wednesday night through Tuesday)
Issued at 134 PM MDT Tue Jul 18 2017

High pressure aloft is expected to move east over the plains while a
a short wave trough starts to move in behind the ridge. A few storms
are possible during the evening, mainly over the northwestern
sections of our area, due to a shift in the pattern. Thursday`s
overnight low temperatures are expected to drop into middle to upper
60s over the western half and 70-75 over the eastern half of the
forecast area.

Over the weekend, the ridge will continue to flatten out and move
towards the east on Friday. This will produce slightly cooler
temperatures over the western half of our CWA while the eastern half
is still expected to climb into the upper 90s to just over 100
degrees. A prefrontal boundary looks to push through the region from
the northwest to southeast and serve as an axis for thunderstorm
development Friday afternoon. Then a cold front will follow on
Saturday producing another chance of thunderstorms across the
region. This cold front looks to stall and weaken over the central
Plains on Sunday. This will keep showers and thunderstorms in the
forecast until the front weakens and eventually give way to another
building high pressure from the west, decreasing rain chances Sunday
night and early into Monday morning.

As high pressure returns to the region during the first part of the
week, weak troughs are expected to move through the region as well.
with that said going to keep the chance of showers and
thunderstorms that the builder is given for the end of. As for the
period. As for temperatures, expect the highs to reach into the
upper 80s.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Wednesday evening)
Issued at 534 PM MDT Tue Jul 18 2017

Vfr conditions are expected through the period. For Kgld, a
prefrontal trough that is currently near the site will move north
later on this evening into the overnight hours. Late tomorrow
morning the south winds will increase to near 17 knots with gusts
to near 25 knots.

For Kmck, thunderstorms will be in the area during the mid and
late evening hours. However, current trends are not matching up
well with high resolution/Cam output so have low confidence in
what will happen. This is usually happens in weak flow aloft
situations. So at this time chose to do vcts beginning at 03z and
ending at 06z. For the first half of the period the winds will be
less than 10 knots from the east or light and variable due to
thunderstorm outflow winds. By late tomorrow morning/early
tomorrow afternoon southerly winds will increase to near 15 knots
with gusts to near 23 knots.

&&

.GLD WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
KS...Heat Advisory until 8 PM CDT this evening for KSZ002>004-014>016-
     028-029.

     Heat Advisory from 1 PM to 8 PM CDT Wednesday for KSZ002>004-015-
     016.

CO...NONE.
NE...Heat Advisory until 7 PM MDT /8 PM CDT/ this evening for
     NEZ079>081.

     Heat Advisory from noon MDT /1 PM CDT/ to 7 PM MDT /8 PM CDT/
     Wednesday for NEZ079>081.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...DR
LONG TERM...BW
AVIATION...BULLER



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