Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Goodland, KS

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FXUS63 KGLD 230553

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Goodland KS
1153 PM MDT SUN MAY 22 2016

Issued at 1147 PM MDT Sun May 22 2016

Completed an update earlier as the severe thunderstorm watch
expired. Made minor adjustments with the pops for the rest of the
night and raised mins slightly.

UPDATE Issued at 910 PM MDT Sun May 22 2016

Just completed an update. Had to rearrange the orientation of
pops. Initial convection has stayed in the far south. However
still left low chance pops in the eastern portion. Concern now
turns the incoming cold front. Hires/convective allowing
guidance...especially the hrrr/rap...are develop a strong and
extensive line of thunderstorms along the cold front. That has
been shown a while before anything developed and now the line is
expanding in coverage and intensity to my north.

So raised pops/qpf in the north. Kept a mention of severe since
spc mesoanalysis and forecast elements would indicate the
possibility of severe with this line of storms. Also raised the
winds a little behind the front due to trends upstream...a rather
tight pressure gradient...and three hour pressure rises near 8 mb.
However I may not have been able to raise them enough. Everything
else looks fine at this time.


.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Monday)
Issued at 222 PM MDT Sun May 22 2016

Latest upper air analysis has a closed low over far southeast
Canada and a short wave ridge over the plains. Water vapor shows
moisture wrapping around the low and around the ridge toward the
plains. A small area of subsidence is currently over East Central
Colorado, which is hindering any convection from occurring near
the dry line in Northwest Kansas.

For the rest of today windy conditions will persist across the
Tri- State area due to a strong low level jet mixing down.
Anticipate isolated storms to begin developing along the dry line
near Highway27 in the next couple of hours as a small area of
subsidence moves past the dry line. Storm coverage will gradually
increase through the afternoon as an upper level short wave trough
approaches from the southwest.

Regarding hazards...quarter size hail, damaging winds and tornadoes
will all be possible today and this evening.  Deep layer shear is
not as strong as yesterday, which would support smaller hail.
Damaging winds are only expected during the afternoon.  While deep
layer shear is weaker than yesterday, low level shear is already
around 20 kts, and should strengthen a bit more late this afternoon
as the low level jet intensifies. With a similar environment to
yesterday but weaker deep layer shear, am anticipating short lived
tornadoes, if they develop.  The best window for tornadoes to
develop will be from 4 PM MT until 8 PM MT.

Early this evening the storm coverage will peak, south of I- 70
centered over Highway 25. The dry line will retreat during this
time, but the main upper level support will be to the east, and
the majority of the higher mid level mixing ratios will be east
of Highway 27. Therefore am not anticipating any storms to develop
west of Highway 27 despite the retreating dry line. Toward mid
evening the storm coverage will begin shifting east out of the
area. There will be a lull during the late evening and first few
hours after midnight before the next round of thunderstorms

Overnight another round of thunderstorms will develop east of
Highway 25 ahead of the cold front where elevated instability will
develop.  Toward sunrise the elevated storms may become surface
based as the CINh drops to almost nothing.  The ongoing rainfall may
also cause the environment to wet-bulb and erase the CINh present.
Regardless, storms may become surface based toward sunrise along the
east 1/3 of the area ahead of the cold front.  Low level shear and
low cloud bases will be supportive of a tornado developing before
the storms exit the area.

Monday morning will be quiet storm-wise.  During the afternoon the
cold front will move back north over the southeast half of the area.
Meanwhile the dry line will be east of Highway 83.  An upper level
short wave trough will move over the dry line during the early
afternoon.  Anticipate storms to begin firing an hour or so earlier
in the afternoon due to the stronger lift and lower CINh available.
Deep layer shear will be much stronger than today, but low level
shear will be much less.  As a result large hail will be bigger, up
to soft ball size.

.LONG TERM...(Monday night through Sunday)
Issued at 131 PM MDT Sun May 22 2016

Southwest flow aloft will continue across the central High Plains
through Wednesday. Embedded weak shortwaves will result in
occasional chances for showers and thunderstorms. Best chances
will be along and north of Interstate 70. On Thursday the main
energy lifts out across the central and southern Rockies providing
stronger synoptic scale forcing for thunderstorms. Wraparound
precipitation will continue into Friday with the slow moving upper
system. More of a zonal flow is forecast for next weekend but
models continue to be quite wet with embedded shortwave troughs
aloft and copious low level moisture available. As for severe
potential...certainly ahead of the upper low Tuesday and
Wednesday shear and instability will be sufficient, but as the
upper low gets closer Wednesday through Friday deep layer shear
will decrease as does the severe threat. However, as the upper
flow increases again over the weekend with the zonal flow, may
see increasing threat once again depending on where the instability
axis ultimately sets up. Temperatures will be near to slightly
above normal through the period.


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Monday night)
Issued at 1147 PM MDT Sun May 22 2016

For kgld...vfr conditions are expected through the period. Some
thunderstorms will be near the site for a couple of hours and have
only a vcts mention. Sustained winds near 20 knots with gusts to
near 30 knots will occur ahead and behind a cold front as it moves
through the area. The gusts will stop by 12z. Late tomorrow
afternoon and especially tomorrow evening there will be a chance
that thunderstorms will affect the site so included a vcts mention
at this time.

For kmck...Currently a cold front along with showers/thunderstorms
are through this area. Mvfr conditions are expected for a couple
of hours before vfr conditions move in. Gusty winds northwest
winds will end by 10z. Just like kgld thunderstorms should affect
the site late tomorrow afternoon into tomorrow evening so have
inserted a vcts mention at this time.


.GLD Watches/Warnings/Advisories...


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