Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Louisville, KY

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FXUS63 KLMK 272234

634 PM EDT Sun Jul 27 2014

...Mesoscale Forecast Update...
Issued at 630 PM EDT Sun Jul 27 2014

Afternoon thunderstorms have faded and pushed off to the SE. However
an unstable air mass remains, with a couple of boundaries still in
play and storms trying to fire along them. First boundary is roughly
along the Cumberland Parkway, left over from earlier storms. The
other is the surface front diving SE across southern Indiana. A
strong cap is in place with 700mb temps at 11-12C, and that is
working against storm intensification. However, steep lapse rates
above and below that cap mean that anything breaking through could
easily go severe, albeit more of a wind risk than a tornado risk.
Given that and coordination with SPC and JKL, will let the Tornado
Watch ride, most likely until its 00Z expiration.

.SHORT TERM (Now through Monday Night)...
Issued at 305 PM EDT Sun Jul 27 2014

...Conditional severe threat continues across south-central KY this
afternoon into early this evening...

The synoptic pattern this afternoon features a strong digging trough
across the Midwest and Great Lakes, with an upstream ridge
amplifying across the western CONUS.  This trough will dig into the
Ohio Valley tonight into tomorrow, allowing for drier weather and
much cooler temperatures to filter into the region.

Before the cooler and drier air works in, we must first deal with a
conditional severe weather threat this afternoon into early this
evening across south-central KY.  A volatile airmass has developed
in this region, with MLCAPEs of 3000+ J/kg according to the latest
SPC mesoanalysis.  However, very warm mid-level air has also
advected into this region (700mb temps around 11C) which is putting
the lid on convection thus far.  Latest satellite imagery shows a
boundary pushing into northern KY as of this writing.  This boundary
is only weakly convergent, thus there remains some uncertainty as to
whether additional convection will be able to push through the cap
and develop along it.  Latest hi-res guidance continues to support
development from 21-22Z along this boundary across southern KY, so
think it is too early to let our guard down.  If scattered
convection is able to develop, effective shear of 40-50 knots will
likely support quick supercell development capable of large hail and
damaging winds.  A conditional tornado threat will be possible with
any storm that can develop given the low-level speed shear, but
veered surface flow will limit low-level hodograph length.

The synoptic cold front located well north across central Illinois
will push through overnight, bringing cooler and drier conditions to
the region.  Overnight lows tonight will fall into the low and mid
60s, with falling dewpoints into the lower 60s.

The upper-level trough will dig into the region Monday afternoon.
This cold core aloft may be enough to induce some isolated
sprinkles/light showers over the Northern Bluegrass region of
Kentucky.  Otherwise, it will be a mainly dry day with much cooler
temperatures as highs will struggle to get out of the upper 70s.

Monday night will be mainly clear as a surface ridge builds in from
the northwest.  With generally light winds, it will be an
unseasonably cool night as temperatures dip into the low to mid
50s!  Some of these values may threaten record lows, so stay tuned.

.LONG TERM (Tuesday through Sunday)...
Issued at 250 PM EDT Sun Jul 27 2014

A highly amplified upper level pattern is expected to persist across
North America this week with a deep trough in the east with a
corresponding upper level ridge out in the west. With the Ohio
Valley being under the influence of the upper trough, we will see
much below normal temperatures for the upcoming work week.

The latest deterministic and ensemble guidance is similar to the
previous 27/00Z guidance which leads to increased forecaster
confidence...especially in the Tuesday through Thursday range.
Surface high pressure will drift across the region at the beginning
of the forecast period.  This will lead to dry conditions with
mainly sunny days and mainly clear nights.  Could get very close to
record lows in some spots Tuesday morning.  In addition, we could
also see some record cold highs on Tuesday afternoon as readings
will only warm into the lower-middle 70s.  We still expect a warm up
from Wednesday into Thursday as temperatures look to warm into the
upper 70s to the lower 80s in the north with middle 80s in the
south.  Overnight lows will generally be in the 60s.

By Friday and into the weekend, the multi-model consensus continues
to agree that the upper level trough over the east will deepen
slightly as several vorticity lobes drop and rotate around the base
of the trough.  As this these lobes rotate through, they may induce
a cut off low to develop across the Ohio Valley.  The 12Z
deterministic Euro solution is not as deep as in previous runs.
However, the main story here will be that somewhat unsettled
conditions are expected to be in place from Friday through Sunday.
Overall, it does not look to be a washout, but scattered diurnally
driven convection looks likely.  Highs through this time fame look
to be in the upper 70s to the lower 80s with overnight lows in the


.AVIATION (00Z TAF Update)...
Issued at 630 PM EDT Sun Jul 27 2014

Unusually dynamic cold front for mid-July approaching the Ohio
Valley, and will push SE across Kentucky this evening. Will
initialize with gusty west winds and VFR conditions, with SCT-BKN cu
around 4K feet. Broken line of T-storms across Indiana is struggling
to hold together on its south end. While there is an outside chance
for a thunderstorm at any of the terminals this evening,
probabilities are low enough that the worst case would be including
VCTS at one or more sites. That will be a last-minute call, and most
likely would affect LEX, or in the very near-term, BWG.

Winds come around to NW overnight, with enough of a gradient to keep
speeds up at 7-9 kt. Will pick up winds to 10-12 kt by midday Monday
with mixing, and VFR conditions with only fair-weather cu.




Short Term.....KJD
Long Term......MJ
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