Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Louisville, KY

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FXUS63 KLMK 191238

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Louisville KY
838 AM EDT Fri May 19 2017

.Forecast Update...
Issued at 837 AM EDT Fri May 19 2017

Have made an update to the forecast this morning to increase PoPs
across southern KY, add heavy rainfall wording, and to adjust QPF
forecasts to account for anticipated heavy rainfall across the
southern forecast area.

Current radar shows several clusters of storms moving through
southern KY this morning.  First batch is along our forecast border
with WFO JKL and heading northeast toward areas mainly along and
north of the Cumberland Parkway (Somerset, KY area).  Further
southwest, upstream development continues across northern TN with
additional convective regeneration taking place just north/northwest
of Nashville.  Some westward re-development looks to be taking
place, so additional heavy rainfall looks to affect
Logan/Simpson/Warren counties over the next few hours.  KY Mesonet
shows a little over an inch of rain in some locations around Bowling
Green.  Flash flood guidance suggests around 2-2.5 inch/hr for
flooding, so this additional rainfall may result in localized flash

Otherwise, rest of the forecast remains generally on track.  HRRR
and other CAM models suggest more development over NW TN later this
morning overspreading into central KY into the early afternoon
hours.  Given that convection may be occurring at peak heating,
strong to severe storms look like a very good possibility with
damaging winds and hail being the primary severe weather hazards.

Issued at 620 AM EDT Fri May 19 2017

Updated the forecast to increase POPs to 50-60% over south central
KY where a good complex of storms has developed and will continue to
move ENE through southern KY for the next 2-4 hrs before
diminishing.  Gusty winds are possible in these storms...a 34 mph
wind gust was observed out of Simpson County Mesonet this morning.
Also radar indicates small hail and heavy rainfall. A few strong
storms are possible this morning but still expect any severe wx to
hold off until later today.


.Short Term...(Today through Saturday)
Issued at 320 AM EDT Fri May 19 2017

...A Few Severe Storms Possible Today & Saturday...

Early this morning, CAM models indicate showers/t-storms developing
over south central KY due to a passing upper level shortwave. IR
satellite does indeed show enhanced mid level clouds forming in that
region so will continue POPs over south central KY during the pre-
dawn hours.

We should see a relative lull or dry period by mid to late morning
over the region.  Redevelopment of showers and storms should occur
to our north and west by the afternoon hours and move into our
region by mid to late afternoon lasting into the evening hours. With
plentiful CAPE building throughout the day and 30-40 kts bulk shear,
we should see strong to severe scattered t-storms this
afternoon/evening.  The main svr weather threats will be damaging
winds and hail for afternoon/evening storms with the best chance for
severe wx over southern Indiana where storms will be more plentiful
closer to the front.  After sunset, expect convection to decline and

Friday night and the first portion of Sat should be largely dry with
instability once again building throughout the day on Sat ahead of
an approaching cold front and upper trough. While some isld-sct
convection is possible Sat during the day, the main line of storms
should develop to our west Sat along the cold front and move east
into our region Sat night.  Again damaging winds and hail will be
the main svr wx threat should storms strengthen to svr levels.  The
best chance for any svr wx will be along and west of I-65 Sat

Temperatures will remain warm and muggy with highs in the low to mid
80s and lows in the 60s into the the weekend.

.Long Term...(Saturday night through Thursday)
Issued at 335 AM EDT Fri May 19 2017

Saturday night a line of showers/storms associated with a cold front
will push east into our region.  As it arrives into areas along and
west of I-65 Sat evening, some of the storms may still be severe.
However, the storms are expected to decline Sat night as day time
instability is lost.  Any strong to severe storms Sat night may
produce damaging winds and hail.

As we head into Sunday morning, additional showers and perhaps a few
rumbles of thunder will continue over the region along or just
behind the front.  Precipitation will finally come to an end Sun
night from west to east as high pressure moves into the Ohio Valley.
The passage of the cold front Sunday will usher in less humidity and
cooler temperatures (highs in the 70s Sun).

Monday we`ll see a brief dry period before more disturbances in a
generally troughy pattern over the Midwest bring more chances for
rain Tues-Thu.  Temperatures will drop to or below normal with highs
falling back into the 70s for Mon/Tue and then 60s for Wed/Thu.


.Aviation...(12Z TAF Issuance)
Issued at 628 AM EDT Fri May 19 2017

Complex of thunderstorms near BWG currently will lift northeast to
just south of LEX through 14-15z. A relative lull in thunderstorms
is expected across central Kentucky mid/late morning, however with
peak heating and a passing disturbance, additional thunderstorms are
likely by mid afternoon. The highest coverage looks to be across
north-central Kentucky, likely impacting SDF and LEX, from mid
afternoon to very early this evening.

Thunderstorm coverage and intensity will diminish toward sunset with
loss of heating. Most of the model consensus is for relatively dry
conditions tonight. Light fog may be possible in areas that receive
rainfall today given the expected light wind fields near the surface




Short Term...AMS
Long Term....AMS
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