Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Louisville, KY

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FXUS63 KLMK 291403
AFDLMK

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LOUISVILLE KY
1003 AM EDT Wed Jul 29 2015

...Forecast Update...
Issued at 955 AM EDT Wed Jul 29 2015

Updated the forecast to adjust POPs and hourly temps/dewpts.  We`re
currently in a lull in precip activity, but we should see
showers/storms redevelop by this afternoon and continue into the
evening hours.  Localized heavy rainfall/flooding and isld damaging
winds still look like the main threats.  Made minor adjustments to
high temps today with highs expected in the upper 80s and lower 90s.

.SHORT TERM (Now through Thursday)...
Issued at 305 AM EDT Wed Jul 29 2015

Juicy and boundary-rich air mass remains in place over the Ohio
Valley, but some fairly substantial changes are on the way as a cold
front pushes ESE from the Upper Mississippi Valley. Showers and
storms over northern Illinois and now over northern Missouri have
not gotten organized into any southeastward-diving MCS, so not too
excited about our precip chances too early in the day. However,
can`t rule out a renegade shower or T-storm in this environment, so
will see slight chance POPs area-wide before noon.

Later in the day our precip chances really start to ramp up with the
approach of the cold front. Believe that storms will still struggle
to organize, but plenty of instability and just enough forcing to
support marginally severe wind gusts and torrential rainfall out of
the strongest storms this afternoon and evening.

Heat will likely be a bigger story today, with temps climbing into
the lower 90s, and dewpoints solidly in the mid-70s as moisture
pools over southern Indiana and generally west of I-65 in Kentucky.
Heat index values in this area will reach 100-103F, so will cover
this in a Special Weather Statement.

The cold front and its associated convection should push south and
east of the area overnight, but could hang up just enough to give us
an isolated T-storm across south central Kentucky Thursday morning.
Mainly expect relief from the soupy air mass as lower dewpoints
filter in from the north.

.LONG TERM (Thursday night through Tuesday)...
Issued at 246 AM EDT Wed Jul 29 2015

A generally benign long term period looks to be in store for the
Ohio Valley as surface ridging takes control for the end of the week
into the first part of the upcoming weekend.  A couple of weak
systems may attempt to make a run at the region late this weekend
into the upcoming week, but high model spread leads to some
uncertainty in that part of the forecast.

High pressure will build into the region Thursday night into Friday
night, allowing slightly cooler but seasonably dry air to infiltrate
the Ohio Valley.  Highs on Friday will be in the mid to upper 80s,
but dewpoints in the low to mid 60s will make those readings feel
much more pleasant than they have of late.  With generally light
winds and clear/partly cloudy skies expected both nights, overnight
lows should be able to dip into the mid and upper 60s.

A weak front will approach from the north on Saturday.  Moisture
return ahead of this front will be rather unimpressive, with very
little in the way of upper-level support as the main PV anomaly
diving through the NW flow aloft will pass well to the north of the
region.  Therefore, will continue with a dry forecast, but can`t
completely rule out an isolated shower or storm within the weak
frontal convergence Saturday afternoon into Saturday night,
especially in the northern Bluegrass region of KY.

There are signals that the NW flow regime will become a bit more
active as we head into early next week.  However, there seems to be
rather poor consistency both spatially and temporally with these
potential systems.  The 29/00Z GFS is advertising a weak front
pushing through on Monday with some associated convection, but the
GEFS/GEM/ECMWF are not on board so will leave Monday dry for now.
Will go ahead and bring in pops Tuesday as yet another front
attempts to make southern progress into the Ohio Valley.  Several
waves may ride along this front which may keep precipitation in the
forecast through the middle/end of next week, outside the scope of
this official forecast.

&&

.AVIATION (12Z TAF Update)...
Updated 650 AM EDT Tue Jul 28 2015

One more steamy morning, with the fog limited by a short night and
debris clouds from yesterday`s convection. Visibilities currently
running MVFR, but the sun is coming up and temp/dewpoint spreads are
already widening. Will initialize MVFR vis for the first couple of
hours.

Diurnal cu field should get going by mid/late morning, but should
remain scattered through the day. Cold front will get close enough
by 20-21Z to warrant VCTS/CB mention, but any direct impact remains
too uncertain for a TEMPO. Could see brief IFR when T-storms are
directly on any of the airports, but duration is both short and
uncertain.

Front and associated convection should be southeast of BWG and LEX
by 02-03Z, but will hang up close enough to allow some moisture
pooling to continue through the night. MVFR visibility appears to be
a good bet for much of the overnight period, but any IFR restriction
will depend on how much rain falls this afternoon.

Confidence is low with the convection, but moderate to high with fog
potential both mornings.

&&

.LMK WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
KY...NONE.
IN...NONE.
&&

$$

Update.........AMS
Short Term.....RAS
Long Term......KJD
Aviation.......RAS





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