Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Louisville, KY

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FXUS63 KLMK 311902
AFDLMK

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LOUISVILLE KY
302 PM EDT Sun May 31 2015

.SHORT TERM (Now through Monday Night)...
Issued at 240 PM EDT Sun May 31 2015

Mid-afternoon surface analysis showed a compact area of low pressure
centered near Columbus, Ohio with a cold front extending southwest
through portions of eastern and south-central Kentucky. Southwest
breezes in the warm sector allowed readings to rise into the upper
70s to low 80s with summer-like cumulus. Meanwhile, across southern
Indiana and northern Kentucky, northwest flow behind the front and
low clouds have kept temperatures steady in the 60s, even mid to
upper 50s in places. There is a 25 to 30 degree temperature
difference across the forecast area this afternoon.

The main challenge is precipitation chances this evening through
Monday associated with an upper level shortwave trough currently
over Arkansas. The trend in model guidance the past 24 hours is for
this feature to be stronger, further north and to eventually close
off/stall nearby. The current shield of showers and embedded storms
across western TN, eastern AR is expected to slowly lift
north/northeast, running into the more stable air across Kentucky
tonight. Soundings show increasing lift in the low/mid levels after
06z along with deeper saturation. As a result, light rain showers
look to spread north/northeast into the forecast area. Hi-res models
and 31.12z guidance bring the precipitation all the way north to the
Ohio River and into southern Indiana by commute time Monday morning.
As a result, raised POPs to the 40 to 60 percent range for the
overnight into the first half of Monday. This may not be high enough
across central into northern KY, though there remains questions on
how much saturation will take place due to drier northeast flow.
Rainfall amounts generally look to be 0.1 to 0.2. While some
elevated instability is possible this evening across the
south/southeast, expecting predominately just rain showers.

With the increased chance for rain showers and expected overcast
skies, brought high temperatures down several degrees for Monday. It
will be a rather cool first day of June as highs are likely to be
stuck in the 60s. South-central KY near the TN border could break
out of the clouds late in the day to jump into the low/mid 70s,
otherwise expecting an unseasonably cool day. Normal readings are in
the low/mid 80s. As forcing wanes late in the day, showers will
dissipate giving way to a cool night with lows in the 50s.

.LONG TERM (Tuesday through Sunday)...
Issued at 300 PM EDT Sun May 31 2015

Models have come into some agreement on placing an upper low right
over the Tennessee Valley at the start of this period, helping to
keep us in clouds as well as cooler than normal. How thick those
clouds are will have a big effect on high temperatures likely for
several days this week, as the upper low still will move little.
Even a subtle shift to the east over the next few days could mean a
10-degree swing in temps for our western counties. Rain chances are
still uncertain for the same reason, and think the best chances stay
over our southeast through at least midweek.

By Thursday evening, model consensus brings the upper low into the
Appalachians, yet they still try also to bring in some diurnal
showers. Cannot rule these out, especially if we get some assistance
aloft in the form of a deformation band north of the upper low.
Those models then try and move the low into the Southeast U.S. by
the start of the weekend, allowing more of a northwest flow aloft
for us, as well as warmer temperatures. Northwest flows in the
summer are not always dry for us however, and thus will lean towards
climo pops, 20-30% for the next weekend.

&&

.AVIATION (18Z TAF Update)...
Updated 102 PM EDT Sun May 31 2015

Cold front still bisecting forecast area early this afternoon as SDF
is solidly in the MVFR stratus while LEX/BWG remains in scattered
cumulus warm sector. This afternoon, the front will slowly work
through BWG/LEX bringing winds from the southwest to the
west/northwest.

Main challenge is ceilings and visibility late this evening and
overnight as combination of IFR/MVFR stratus to the northwest and an
approaching weather system from TN/AR will result in favorable
saturation for the low/mid levels. By 06z, strong signals that light
rain showers will spread into south-central KY then toward SDF/LEX
by 09-12z Monday. Plan on ceilings to be from around 700-1500 ft,
but there`s the possibility of LIFR at BWG for a period. Guidance
points to 3-5sm visibility as well by early Monday morning. From
12z-18z Monday, forcing and saturation begin to wane and move away
so expecting a slow improvement but IFR to low-end MVFR restrictions
still likely to persist through current TAF period.

Forecast Confidence
======================
Ceilings:   Medium
Visibility: High
Winds:      High
Precip:     Medium/High

&&

.LMK WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
KY...NONE.
IN...NONE.
&&

$$

Short Term........ZT
Long Term.........RAS
Aviation..........ZT





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